a&p

Card Set Information

Author:
shortytrinh
ID:
112696
Filename:
a&p
Updated:
2011-10-27 18:17:46
Tags:
tissues membranes
Folders:

Description:
chapter 4
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user shortytrinh on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. an endocrine gland has
    no duct
  2. an example of an exocrine gland is the
    salivary gland
  3. the type of epithelium in which the surface cells alternate from round to flat is
    transitional
  4. the type of connective tissue with a liquid matrix called plasma is
    blood
  5. axon, dendrite, and cell body are the three parts of
    neuron
  6. the type of connective tissue with a solid matrix made of calcium salts is
    bone
  7. the type of muscle tissue also known as voluntary muscle is
    skeletal
  8. the membrane that lines the digestive tract is a
    mucous membrane
  9. the serous membrane that lines the thoracic cavity is the
    parietal pleura
  10. in the fallopian tube, an egg cell is moved toward the uterus by
    ciliated epithelium
  11. to increase their surface area for absorption, columnar cells in the small intestine have
    microvilli
  12. the strong tissue that forms tendons and ligaments is
    fibrous connective tissue
  13. the type of epithelium that makes up the outer layer of skin is
    stratified squamous
  14. the tissue that is thin enough to form capillaries and permit exchanges of materials is
    simple squamous epithelium
  15. the type of muscle tissue that produces a significant amount of body heat is
    skeletal
  16. cardiac muscle is found in
    the heart only
  17. the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord are the
    meninges
  18. the space between two neurons where a neurotransmitter carries the impulse is called a
    synapse
  19. the unicellular glands that secrete mucus in the respiratory tract are
    goblet cells
  20. the tissue that transport nutrients and oxygen throughout the body is
    blood
  21. the type of muscle tissue that provides peristalsis in the intestines is
    smooth
  22. the type of connective tissue that stores excess energy in the form of fat is
    adipose
  23. the membrane that lines a joint cavity and produces fluid is the ____ membrane
    synovial
  24. the tissue in the wall of the trachea that keeps it open is
    cartilage
  25. the type of connective tissue beneath mucous membranes that contains many white blood cells is
    areolar
  26. chemicals that transmit impulses at synapses
    neurotransmitter
  27. protein fibers that are very strong
    collagen
  28. membranes that line body tracts open to the environment
    mucous
  29. structural network of non-living intercellular material
    matrix
  30. nerve cell
    neuron
  31. membranes that line closed body cavities
    serous
  32. tissue found on body surfaces
    stratified
  33. found on the joint surface of bones
    cartilage
  34. small space between two neurons
    synapse
  35. blood-forming tissue
    hemopoietic
  36. glands that have ducts
    exocrine
  37. cardiac muscle
    myocardium
  38. a tissue that contains matrix and cells
    connective tissue
  39. ductless glands
    endocrine
  40. bone cells
    osteocytes
  41. the tissue capable of contraction
    muscle
  42. organs that produce secretion
    glands
  43. cartilage cells
    chondrocytes
  44. protein fibers that are elastic
    elastic
  45. matrix of blood
    plasma
  46. sheets of tissue
    membranes
  47. found on surfaces as either coverings or linings
    epithelial tissues
  48. cells are flat
    squamous
  49. cells are cube shaped
    cuboidal
  50. cells are tall and narrow
    columnar
  51. is the term for single layer of cells
    simple
  52. many layers of cells are present
    stratified
  53. a single layer of flat cells
    simple squamous epithelium
  54. consists of many layers of mostly flat cells, although lower cells are rounded
    stratified squamous epithelium
  55. is a type of stratified epithelium is which the surface cells change shape from round to squamous
    transitional epithelium
  56. alveoli of the lungs - thin to permit diffusion of gases
    simple squamous
  57. capillaries - thien to permit exchanges of materials; smooth to prevent abnormal blood clotting
    simple squamous
  58. many layers of cells; surface cells flat; lower cells rounded; lower layer undergoes mitosis
    stratified squamous
  59. epidermis - surface cells are dead; a barrier to pathogens
    stratified squamous
  60. lining of esophagus, vagina - surface cells are living; a barrier to pathogens
    stratified squamous
  61. lining of urinary bladder - permits expansion without tearing the lining
    transitional
  62. thyroid gland - secretes thyroxine
    cuboidal
  63. salivary glands - secrete salvia
    cuboidal
  64. kidney tubules - permit reabsorption of useful materials back to the blood
    cuboidal
  65. lining of stomach - secretes gastric juice
    columnar
  66. lining of small intestines - secretes enzymes and absorbs end products of digestion (microvillie present)
    columnar
  67. lining of trachea - sweeps mucus and dust to the pharynx
    ciliated
  68. lining of fallopian tube - sweeps ovum toward uterus
    ciliated
  69. plasma (matrix) and red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets
    blood
  70. blood conective tissue - within blood vessels:
    • plasma - transports materials
    • RBCs - carry oxygen
    • WBCs - destroy pathogens
    • platelets - preven blood loss
  71. fibroblasts and a matrix of tissue fluid, collagen, and elastin fibers
    areolar (loose) connective tissue
  72. areolar connective tissue - subcutaneous
    • connects skin to muscles
    • WBCs destroy pathogens
  73. Areolar connective tissue - mucous membranes
    • digestive
    • respiratory
    • urinary
    • reproductive tracts
    • WBCs destroy pathogens
  74. adipocytes that store fat (little matrix)
    adipose
  75. adipose connective tissue - subcutaneous
    • stores excess energy
    • produces chemicals that influence appetite, use of nutrients, and inflammation
  76. adipose connective tissue - around eyes and kidneys
    cushions
  77. adipose connective tissue - brown fat in infants
    generates heat
  78. mostly collagen fibers (matrix) with few fibroblasts
    fibrous
  79. fibrous connective tissue - tendons and ligaments (regular)
    strong to withstand forces of movement of joints
  80. fibrous connective tissue - dermis (irregular)
    the strong inner layer of the skin
  81. mostly elastin fibers (matrix) with few fibroblasts
    elastic
  82. elastic connective tissue - walls of large arteries
    helps maintain blood pressure
  83. elastic connective tissue - around alveoli in lungs
    promotes normal exhalation
  84. osteocytes in a matrix of calcium salts and collagen
    bone
  85. bone connective tissue - bones
    • support the body
    • protect internal organs from mechanical injury
    • store excess calcium
    • contain and protect red bone marrow
  86. chondrocytes in a flexible protein matrix
    cartilage
  87. cartilage connective tissue - wall of trachea
    keeps airway open
  88. cartilage connective tissue - on joint surfaces of bones
    smooth to prevent friction
  89. cartilage connective tissue - tip of nose and outer ear
    support
  90. cartilage connective tissue - between vertebrae
    absorb shock
  91. large cylindrical cells with striations and several nuclei each
    skeletal muscle
  92. skeletal muscles - attached to bones
    moves the skeletal and produces heart
  93. essential to cause contraction (voluntary)
    skeletal muscle
  94. small tapered cells with no striations and one nucleus each
    smooth muscle
  95. smooth muscle - wall of arteries
    maintain blood pressure
  96. smooth muscle - walls of stomach and intestines
    peristalsis
  97. smooth muscle - iris of eye
    regulates size of pupil
  98. bring about contraction or regulate the rate of contraction (involuntary)
    smooth muscle
  99. branched cells with faint striations and one nucleus each
    cardiac muscle
  100. cardiac muscle - walls of the chambers of the heart
    pump blood
  101. regulate only the rate of contraction
    cardiac muscle
  102. neuron (nerve cells)
    • cell body
    • axon
    • dendrites
  103. cell body - contains the nucleus
    regulates the functioning of the neuron
  104. axon - cellular process (extension)
    carries impulses away from the cell body
  105. dendrites - cellular process (extension)
    carry impulses toward the cell body
  106. space between axon of one neuron and the dendrite or cell body of the next neuron
    synapse
  107. transmits impulses from one neuron to others
    synapse
  108. chemicals released by axons
    neurotransmitters
  109. transmit impulses across synapses
    neurotransmitters
  110. specialized cells in the central nervous system
    neuroglia
  111. from myelin sheaths and other functions
    neuroglia
  112. speicalized cells in the peripheral nervous system
    schwann cells
  113. from the myelin sheaths around neurons
    schwann cells
  114. between the skin and muscles; adipose tissue stores fat
    superficial fascia
  115. covers each bone; contains blood vessels that enter the bone
    periosteum
  116. anchors tendons and ligaments
    periosteum
  117. covers cartilage; contains capillaries, the only bood supply for cartilage
    perichondrium
  118. lines joint cavities; secretes synovial fluid to prevent friction when joints move
    synovial
  119. covers each skeletal muscle; anchors tendons
    deep fascia
  120. cover the brain and spinal cord (line the cranial and spinal cavities); contain cerebrospinal fluid
    meninges
  121. forms a sac around the heart; lined by the serous parietal pericardium
    fibrous pericardium

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview