CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM BLOOD

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Author:
muzacgrl
ID:
112746
Filename:
CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM BLOOD
Updated:
2011-10-27 23:26:45
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CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM BLOOD
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CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM BLOOD
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  1. The average range for Adult blood volume?
    4-6 L
  2. The functions of Cardiovasular system (blood)?
    • Transports
    • Temperature maintenance
    • Fluid balance
    • Acid-base balance
    • Hemostasis
    • Resistance
  3. What is plasma?
    The fluid portion of unclotted whole blood
  4. What is serum?
    The fluid portion of clotted whole blood
  5. What are erythrocytes?
    Red Blood Cells
  6. What are leukocytes?
    White blood cells
  7. What are thrombocytes?
    platelets
  8. Function of erythrocytes?
    Transports O2 oxygen
  9. What is function of neutrophils?
    promotes inflammation
  10. What is the function of eosinophils?
    anti-inflammation
  11. What is function of basophil?
    promote inflammation
  12. What is function of monocyte?
    immunity/inflammation
  13. What is function of macrophages?
    phagocytosis---immunity/inflammation
  14. What is function of lymphocytes?
  15. What is function of thrombocytes?
  16. What is erythropoiesis?
    red blood cell production
  17. Erythropoiesis regulation?
    hypoxia--> kidneys--> erythropoietin--> red marrow--> red blood cells
  18. What are the blood types of the ABO group?
    A, B, AB, O
  19. What are the antigens with type A?
    A
  20. What are the antigens for type B?
    B
  21. What are the antigens for blood type AB?
    AB
  22. What are antigens for blood type O?
    none
  23. What are the antibodies of blood type A?
    B
  24. What are the antibodies of blood type B?
    A
  25. What are the antibodies of blood type AB?
    none
  26. What are the antibodies of blood type O?
    A&B
  27. What is unique about the ABO group antibodies?
    They occur naturally
  28. The universal donor?
    O
  29. Universal recipient?
    AB+
  30. AB + is universal recipent because....
    no anitbodies to target red blood cells
  31. O- is universal donor because.....
    no red blood cell antigens to be targeted
  32. What is responsible for most transfusion reactions?
    transfusion reactions are due to recipient's antibodies targeting donor's antigens
  33. If a person is Rh positive it means
    they have the presence of the Rh D antigen in their blood
  34. If a person is Rh negative it means
    they do not have teh presence of Rh D antigen in their blood
  35. Antibodies against the Rh D antigen would be produced....
    antibodies can be formed by a Rh negative person if exposed to Rh D antigens on the red blood cell's of a Rh positive person
  36. What is hemostasis?
    stoppage of bleeding
  37. The sequence of events involved in hemostasis?
    • Vascular spasm (clammped down)
    • Platelet plug (becomes larger)
    • Coagulation
  38. Define coagulation
    cascading series of reactions due to clotting factors ---fibrin clot

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