Card Set Information
two recurring consonant sounds
Clear contrasting relationship
List in order of importance
repetition of one word
recall statement, make it stronger
Use of conjugtion between each word
Brief historical reference
Pass over something, asserts it
Repeats a key word
Attribute of certain famous person
Comparison w/o like or as
Anticipate objection, override it
Repeating a word or phrases, but adding more to it
Doubt about an idea, offers alternatives, but not sure
Repetition after a key phrase
Citing an example
Image is close to subject
Question already answered
finishing a sentence with a different grammatical structure
stopping abruptly and leaving unfinished
Mention another fact to balance argument
Phrase that interrupts normal syntax
Idea emphasized over "repeated" phrase
Repeats last word of one phrase
Addresses person/thing directly
interrupts to explain context of a word
Departure from normal word order
Paradox reduced to two words
Quoting a wise saying to apply truth
compares two things, which are alike in several respects, for the purpose of explaining or clarifying some unfamiliar or difficult idea by showing how it is familiar
a noun placed next to another noun to be described or defined by the appositive
ex. Henry Jameson, the boss of teh operation, ...
informally stated syllogism which omits either one of the premises or the conclusion
ex. He is an American citizen, so he is entitled to due process (All americans blah)
The counterpart of understatement, exaggerates
recurrent syntactical similarity
ex. Quickly and happily he walked around the corner to buy the book
Comparison using like or as
repetition of the same word at the beginning of phrases
ex. To think on death it is a misery, to think on life it is a vanity, to think on the world is it verily, to think that here man hath no perfect bliss
similar vowel sounds
ex. A city that is set on a hill cannot be hid
detailing parts, causes, effects, or consequences to make a point more forcibly
ex. I love her eyes, her hair, her nose, her cheeks, her lips.
Consists of raising one or more questions, and then proceeding to answer them
ex. There is a striking and basic difference between a man's ability to imagine something and an animal's failure...Where is it that the animal falls short? We get a clue to the answer...
writing successive independent clauses, with coordinating conjunctions, or not.
ex. We walked to the top of the hill, and we sat down
combining anaphora and epistrophe, so that one word or phrase is repeated at the beginning and another word or phrase is repeated at the end of successive phrases
ex. To think clearly and rationally should be a major goal for man; but to think clearly and rationally is always the greatest difficulty faced by man
placing a good point or benefit next to a fault criticism, or problem in order to reduce thhe impact or significance of the negative point
ex. True, he always forgets my birthday, but he buys me presents all year round
consists of omitting conjunctions between words, phrases, or clauses
ex. On his return he received medals, honors, treasures, titles, fame.
repeats the beginning word of a clause or sentence at the end.
ex. Water alone dug this giant canyon; yes, just plain water
using subordination to show the relationship between clauses or phrases
ex. They asked the question because they were curious
ex. While I am in the world, I am the light of the world.
consists of a word, phrase, or whole sentence inserted as an aside in the middle of another sentence
ex. But the new calculations--and here we see the value of relying upon up to date information--showed that man-powered flight was possible with this design
A type of metaphor in which the part stands for the whole, the whole for a part, etc.
ex. Farmer Jones has two hundred head of cattle and three hired hands
reversing the order of repeated words or phrases to intensify the final formulation, to present alternatives, or to show contrast
ex. All work and no play is as harmful to mental health as all play and no work
An extravagant, implied metaphor using words in an unusual way
ex. I will speak daggers to her
forms the counterpart to anaphora because the pepetition of the same word or words comes at the end of successive phrases, clauses, or sentences
ex. Where affections bear rule, there reason is subdued, honesty is subdued, good will is subdued, and all things else that withstand evil, for ever are subdued.
Denying the opposite or contrary of the word which otherwise would be used
ex. Heat waves are common in the summer vs. Heat waves are not rare in the summer
metaphorically represents an animal or inanimate object as having human attributes
deliberately expresses an idea as less important than it actually is
ex. The 1906 San Fran earthquake interrupted business somewhat in the downtown area.