It was a last ditch conciliatory appeal to George III to get out of the war.
Olive Branch Petition
Was written by extremist on July 6, 1775. It told British gov that it had left American people with 2 choices
-Unconditional submission to tyranny
-Resistance by force
Dec of Causes and necess of Takin up Arms
Was written by moderate delegates from the colonies in1775
Olive Branch Petition
“Island kingdom no more fit to rule the kingdom than a satellite was to rule the sun”
Name was insult given to loyalist. But they were people who stayed loyal to king
was a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine in January 1776. This pamphlet changed the American outlook on the war. It convinced many Americans that reconciliation w/ Britian was futile-(propaganda)
Written in two main parts
1)Explain contract theory of gov (John Locke)
Gov is created to protect life liberty pursuit happy
2)List alleged crimes of king against colonies.
King had violated the contract theory- must be replace
Declaration Of Independancy
The significance was it showed the world, true right and just reasons for a revolution.
Declaration Of independance
Was the leader of the British army, amazingly enough he held no major hostility toward Americans and even offered them choice between submission with royal pardons and a battle against the overwhelming odds.
Fought on Breeds hill, June 17 1775. Even though the patriots lost, the British suffered the heaviest casualties of the entire war.
Battle Of Bunker Hill
a document written in Nov 1777 that confirmed the weak system in place. It had very limited powers.
Articles Of Confederation
Fought for the colonist in the beginning. He delayed the British at lake Champlain Later lost faith in colonist hope and became a traitor to Colonist and switched over to aide British.
Were German troops that helped aid in fighting the revolution war and were paid off for their services.
Was a British general who fought against colonist. On October 17, 1777, he ordered what was left his army to surrender.
- Is referred to as the turning point in the war. This is the battle that helped give hope to the colonies.
Battle Of Saratoga
an area in Pennsylvania, where the Americans resided during the winter unharmed by the British.
Men from America who travled to European Nations sseeking to gain aid from them. They lacked experience in dipolamacy . *wanted diplomatic recognition- the colonies were no longer part of englans, but independent nation
Replaced William Howe in 1778
Sir Henry Clinton
Led an expedition across the mountains and into Illinois, where he and his men conquered British outpost.-fought native amercicans who supported the British.
George Rogers Clark
The swamp fox”, He used guerilla warfare to harass the British, also fought the native Americans
Defeated at Cowpen+Yorktown- surrenders at Yorktown
Last major battle of the war, oct 1781
fighting quaker’ taunted and bother Cornwallis- divide unit into small brigands that fought w/ Cornwallis. Stopped Cornwallis caroline campaign
commander of the French expeditionary force in America.
war is over. Great Britian recognized the U.S. as a separate nation.
Sept 3 1783 Treaty Of Paris
Popularity dropped b/c church of England. Disestablished in many states (VA), no longer taxed supported.
Popularity dropped caz many didn’t fight
Were accepted by colonist caz French aided the Americans in the war
Roman Cath Church
Cherokee Leaders attacked settlements in Va in 1776. American. Many fled and those that stayed signed
Divided western territory into 10 districts
Ordinance of 1784
Belief that power drawn from the people. People must earn their way in society- not guaranteed by birth
She took her husbands place on line. She showed that women fought too.
abandoned ten districts, designated five territories that when had 60,000 ppl would become states, slavery prohibited
Ordinance of 1787
Women who followed the camp and helped gather water, and do cooking.
Congress created surveying + sale system, This also raised money for schools.
Ordinance of 1785
A Miami warrior who led Indians to win at Wabash River which was greatest Indian victory. He signed the treaty of Greenville.
She published vindication of women, First feminist book. She started feminist movement in U.S.
He was political leader that supported edu for women and reform
He led a group to protest the high taxes1786 Shayites prevented debt collection. Boston legislature denounced them as traitors, when rebels advanced on Springfield state militia defeated them January 1787.
It provided a centralizes gov, defined what could go down
Powers of articles of confed 149
defeated Indians 1794 at Battle of Fallen Timbers
General Anthony wane-
- Congress had power to conduct war
- Foreign relation
- Appropriate money
- Borrow MoneyIssue money
Powers of articles of confed
Treaty stating that in exchange for land, now all land could only be ceded by the tribes themselves
Treaty of Greenville
- levi taxes
- regulate trade
- Draft Troops