Memory

Card Set Information

Author:
Pinkodimos
ID:
113047
Filename:
Memory
Updated:
2011-10-29 19:51:10
Tags:
Psychology
Folders:

Description:
Memory-Psychology
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Pinkodimos on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Encoding
    The Process of acquiring information and entering it into memory
  2. acoustic encoding
    the mental representation of information as a sequence of sounds
  3. visula encoding
    the mental representation of information as images
  4. semantic encoding
    the mental representation of an experience by its general meaning
  5. storage
    the process of maintaining information in memory over time
  6. retrieval
    the process of recalling information stored in momory
  7. episodic memory
    memory of an even that happened while won was present
  8. semantic memory
    A type of memory containing generalized knowledge of the world
  9. procedural memory
    a type of memory containing information about how to do things
  10. explicit memory
    the process in which people intentionally try to remember something
  11. implicit memory
    the unintentional influence of prior experiences
  12. levels-of-processing model
    A view stating how well something is remembered depends on the degree to which incoming information is mentally processed
  13. maintenance reherarsal
    repeating information over and over to keep it active in short-term memory
  14. elaborative rehearsal
    a memrization method that involves thinking about how new information relates to information already stored in long-term memory.
  15. elaborative rehearsal
    a memorization method that involves thinking about how new information relates to information already stored in long-term memory
  16. transfer-appropriate processing model
    a model of memory that suggests that a critical determinant of memory is how well the retrieval process match the original encoding process
  17. parallel distributed processing (PDP) models
    Memory models in which new experiences changed one's overall knowledge base.
  18. information-processing model
    a medel of memory in which information is seen as passing through sensory memory, short-term memory, and long-term memory
  19. sensory memory
    a type of memory that holds large amounts of incoming information very briefly, buy long enough for it to be processed further
  20. sensory registers
    memory systems that hold incoming information long enough for it to be processed further
  21. selective attention
    the focusing of mental resources on only part of the stimulus field
  22. short-term memory (STM)
    the maintenance component of working memory, which holds unrehearsed information for a limited time
  23. working memory
    the art of the memory system that allows us to mentally work with, or manipulate, information being held in short-term memory.
  24. immediate memory span
    the maximum number of item a person can recall perfectly after one presentation of the items
  25. chunks
    stimuli that are preceived as one unit or as a peaningful grouping of information
  26. Brown-Peterson procedure
    a method for determining how long information rematins in short-term memory
  27. long-term memory (LTM)
    a relatively long-lasting stage of memory whose capacity to store new information is believed to be unlimited
  28. primacy effect
    a characteristic of memory in which recall of the first two of three irems in a list is particularly good
  29. recency effect
    a characteristic of memory in which recall is particulaly food for the last few items in a list
  30. retrieval cues
    stimuli that aid the recall of recognition of information stored in memory
  31. encoding specificity principle
    a principle stating that the abiliy of a cue to aid retrieval depends on the degree to wch it taps into information that was encoded at the time of the original learning
  32. context-dependent memory
    memory that can be helped or hindered by similarities or differences between the context in which it is learned and the context in which it is recalled
  33. state-dependent memory
    memory that can be helped or hindered by similarities or differences between the context in which it is learned and the context in which it is recalled.
  34. state-dependent memory
    memory that is aided or impeded by a person's internal state
  35. spreading activation
    a principle that explains how information is retrieved in semantic newtwork theories of memory
  36. schemas
    mental representations of categories of objects, events, and people
  37. method of savings
    measuring forgetting by computing the difference between the number or repetitions needed to lean and, after a delay, relearn the same material
  38. decay
    the gradual disappearance of the mental representation of a stimulus
  39. interference
    the process through which either the storage or the retrieval of information is impaired by the presence of other information
  40. retroactive interference
    a cause of forgetting in which new information placed in memory inerteres with the abilit to recall information already in memory
  41. proactive interference
    a cause of forgetting in which information already in memory interferes with the ability to remember new information
  42. anterogrady amnesia
    a loss of memory for any even that occurs after a bgrain injury
  43. retrograde amnesia
    a loss of memory for events prior to a brain injury

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview