BARRONS SAT2 US HISTORY
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Where does the sole power lie to try a president against whom impeachment charges have already been brought?
House of Representatives
- Represents the people in a democracy like the United States.
- The House of Representatives, created as the "popular" branch of government, was intended to counterbalance the more elitist Senate and presidency.
The act passed by Congress as a "frame-up" to lead to the impeachment of President Andrew Johnson was the...
Tenure of Office Act
Civil Rights Act
- A law passed by the Republican-dominated Congress on April 9, 1866, during Reconstruction to protect the rights of freed slaves and to guarantee equal rights to blacks.
- It was passed over a March 27 veto by President Andrew Johnson
Civil Service Act
Federal law established in 1883 that stipulated that government jobs should be awarded on the basis of merit
Fugitive Slave Act
- Passed by the United States Congress on September 18, 1850, as part of the Compromise of 1850 between Southern slave holding interests and Northern Free-Soilers
- It declared that all runaway slaves be brought back to their masters
Tenure of Office Act
- The Tenure of Office stated that the president could not remove a government official without the approval of Congress
- However, President Johnson , claiming the act violated the Constitution, removed the Secretary of War, leading himself into a 3 month impeachment trial and almost getting removed from presidency.
In order to become a law, a bill in Congress must...
Pass both houses of Congress in identical form
- American political party founded in the early 1790s by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison.
- Jefferson needed to have a nationwide party to counteract the Federalists, a nationwide party recently formed by Hamilton.
- Opposed the Jay treaty
President Kennedy's administration
- The Alliance for Progress was directed toward Latin America
- Selling surplus food products to the Soviet Union and other communist nations gained considerable support from both major political parties
- The Peace Corps program was a comparitevely inexpensive foreign-aid program
- President Kennedy backed the attempted Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba
Who said this: "The only thing we have to fear is fear itself"
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Who said this: "I regret that I was unable to shoot Henry Clay or to hang John Calhoun"
Who said this: "We should have open covenants openly arrived at"
- Only New England was represented at the convention
- Every delegate there was a Federalist
- The fact that the vote for the declaration of war in the Senate passed by only 19 to 13 strongly suggests that many Americans shared the views of the Hartford Convention
- The convention killed the Federalist Party as an influence on a national scale
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