RT 170 ch 4 wb

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RT 170 ch 4 wb
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RT 170 ch 4 wb
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  1. A round, marblelike structure (distal portion of humerus)
    Capitulum
  2. Bony prominence, easily palpated (distal portion of humerus)
    Medial epicondyle
  3. A spool-like structure (distal portion of humerus)
    Trochlea
  4. Depression; located on the anterior surface (distal portion of humerus)
    Coronoid fossa
  5. Depression; located on the posterior surface (distal portion of humerus)
    Olecranon fossa
  6. List the names of the 3 groups of bones that comprise the hand and wrist and indicate the quantity of bones in that group
    • Phalanges-14 bones
    • Metacarpals-5 bones
    • Carpals-8 bones
  7. Which bone classification are the metacarpals?
    A. flat
    B. short
    C. irregular
    D. long
    D. long
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Which bone classification are the carpal bones?
    A. flat
    B. long
    C. short
    D. irregular
    C. short
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Which bones articulate with the heads of the metacarpal bones?
    A. distal phalanges
    B. proximal phalanges
    C. carpals
    B. proximal phalanges
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. What group of bones articulate with the bases of metacarpal bones?
    Carpals
  11. What part of a metacarpal bone (base or head) forms part of each metacarpophalangeal joint?
    Head
  12. Which of the following types of upper limb joints are formed in part by the bases of the metacarpals?
    A. interphalangeal
    B. metacarpophalangeal
    C. carpometacarpal
    C. carpometacarpal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. How are the metacarpals indentified?
    A. Numbered 1 through 5 from lateral (little finger side) to medial (thumb side)
    B. letters A to E from medial (little finger side) to lateral (thumb side)
    C. letters A to E from medial (thumb side) to lateral (little finger side)
    D. Numbered 1 through 5 from lateral (thumb side) to medial (little finger side)
    D. Numbered 1 through 5 from lateral (thumb side) to medial (little finger side)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. What is the most distal portion of each metacarpal?
    A. head
    B. base
    C. tubercle
    A. head
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. How many proximal, middle, and distal phalanges are found in one hand?
    • Proximal: 5
    • Middle: 4
    • Distal: 5
  16. Which kinds of movements do the interphalangeal joints allow?
    A. flexion and extension
    B. rotational movements around a single axis
    C. gliding and sliding
    A. flexion and extension
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Which joint is the most distal joint in the upper limb?
    A. metacarpophalangeal
    B. proximal interphalangeal
    C. distal interphalangeal
    D. carpometacarpal
    C. distal interphalangeal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Name the carpal bones and state whether they are proximal or distal
    • Scaphoid; proximal
    • Lunate; proximal
    • Triquetrum; proximal
    • Pisiform; proximal
    • Trapezium; distal
    • Trapezoid; distal
    • Capitate; distal
    • Hamate; distal
  19. What other name refers to the radiocarpal joint?
    Wrist joint proper
  20. List the names of the 2 bones that comprise the forearm and indicate which bone is lateral and which bone is medial
    • Radius-lateral
    • Ulna-medial
  21. On which end of the radius (proximal or distal) is the styloid process located?
    Distal
  22. On which end of the radius (proximal or distal) is the radial head located?
    Proximal
  23. On which end of the ulna (proximal or distal) is the styloid process located?
    Distal
  24. On which end of the ulna (proximal or distal) is the olecranon process located?
    Proximal
  25. Which 2 bony processes are located on the proximal end of the ulna?
    A. ulnar head and styloid process
    B. ulnar head and coronoid process
    C. olecranon process and styloid process
    D. olecranon process and coronoid process
    D. olecranon process and coronoid process
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Which of the following is located on the proximal ulna?
    A. ulnar notch
    B. humeral notch
    C. trochlear notch
    C. trochlear notch
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. On which bone is the trochlear notch located?
    A. radius
    B. ulna
    C. humerus
    B. ulna
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Which joint do the radial notch of the ulna and the head of the radius form?
    A. humeroulnar
    B. distal radioulnar
    C. humeroradial
    D. proximal radioulnar
    D. proximal radioulnar
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Which joint do the head of the ulna and the ulnar notch of the radius form?
    A. proximal radioulnar
    B. humeroradial
    C. humeroulnar
    D. distal radioulnar
    D. distal radioulnar
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. With which of the following structures of the distal humerus does the radial head articulate?
    A. capitulum
    B. trochlear
    C. lateral epicondyle
    D. medial epicondyle
    A. capitulum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. With which of the following structures of the distal humerus does the trochlear notch articulate?
    A. trochlear
    B. lateral epicondyle
    C. capitulum
    D. medial epicondyle
    A. trochlear
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. What are the 3 articulations that form the complete elbow joint?
    a. radiocarpal
    b. humeroulnar
    c. humeroradial
    d. scapulohumeral
    e. distal radioulnar
    f. proximal radioulnar
    • b. humeroulnar
    • c. humeroradial
    • f. proximal radioulnar
  33. With reference to the capitulum, where is the trochlea located?
    A. proximal
    B. lateral
    C. medial
    D. distal
    C. medial
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. What are the 3 articulations that form the humerus?
    a. radiocarpal
    b. humeroulnar
    c. humeroradial
    d. scapulohumeral
    e. distal radioulnar
    f. proximal radioulnar
    • b. humeroulnar
    • c. humeroradial
    • d. scapulohumeral
  35. Write the name of each fossa found on the distal humerus and indicate on which surface each is located
    • coronoid fossa-anterior
    • radial fossa-posterior
  36. on which hand surface should the hand be rested when performing the lateral projection radiograph of the fourth or fifth digit?
    A. posterior (ventral)
    B. lateral (radial)
    C. anterior (palmar)
    D. medial (ulnar)
    D. medial (ulnar)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. Which two groups of joints of the hand and digits should be demonstrated open on the radiograph of the PA projection of the hand?
    A. intercarpal and interphalangeal
    B. intercarpal and carpophalangeal
    C. metacarpophalangeal and carpophalangeal
    D. metacarpophalangeal and interphalangeal
    D. metacarpophalangeal and interphalangeal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. Which projection of the hand should demonstrate superimposed phalanges?
    A. lateral, in fan lateral position
    B. PA
    C. lateral, in extension
    D. PA oblique
    C. lateral, in extension
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. The lateral, in extension, projection is best used to demonstrate:
    1. foreign bodies
    2. displacement of fractures in the metacarpals
    3. the phalanges
    A. 1 and 2 only
    B. 1 and 3 only
    C. 2 and 3 only
    D. 1, 2, and 3
    A. 1 and 2 only
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. Flexing the fingers for the PA projection of the wrist decreases _______ and increases __________
    • decreases OID
    • increases recorded detail
  41. For the lateral projection of the wrist, how should the elbow be positioned?
    A. flexed 45 degrees
    B. fully extended
    C. flexed 90 degrees
    C. flexed 90 degrees
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. For the lateral projection of the wrist, which surface of the wrist should be in contact with the IR?
    A. posterior
    B. anterior
    C. medial
    D. lateral
    C. medial
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. For the AP projection of the forearm, how should the elbow be positioned?
    A. flexed 90 degrees
    B. flexed 45 degrees
    C. fully extended
    C. fully extended
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. For the lateral projection of the forearm, how should the elbow be positioned?
    A. flexed 90 degrees
    B. rotated medially 45 degrees
    C. fully extended
    D. flexed 45 degrees
    A. flexed 90 degrees
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. For the lateral projection of the elbow, how should the hand be adjusted?
    A. supinated
    B. lateral with the thumb side down
    C. pronated
    D. lateral with the thumb side up
    D. lateral with the thumb side up
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. How many degrees of flexion of the elbow are necessary for the lateral projection?
    90 degrees
  47. How should the humeral epicondyles appear in the image of the lateral projection of the elbow?
    superimposed
  48. How much medial rotation of the elbow is needed to position it for AP oblique projections?
    A. 35 degrees
    B. 90 degrees
    C. 25 degrees
    D. 45 degrees
    D. 45 degrees
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. Which AP oblique projection positioning movement requires the hand to be pronated? Medial rotation or lateral rotation?
    Medial rotation
  50. List the projection for the elbow: Coronoid process should be seen in profile
    A. AP oblique projection, lateral rotation position
    B. Lateral projection
    C. AP oblique projection, medial rotation position
    D. AP projection
    C. AP oblique projection, medial rotation position
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. List the projection for the elbow: Olecranon process should be seen in profile
    A. Lateral projection
    B. AP oblique projection, medial rotation position
    C. AP oblique projection, lateral rotation position
    D. AP projection
    A. Lateral projection
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. List the projection for the elbow: Radial head should be projected free of the ulna
    A. AP projection
    B. Lateral projection
    C. AP oblique projection, medial rotation position
    D. AP oblique projection, lateral rotation position
    D. AP oblique projection, lateral rotation position
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. List the projection for the elbow: Humeral epicondyles should not be rotated or superimposed
    A. AP oblique projection, lateral rotation position
    B. Lateral projection
    C. AP oblique projection, medial rotation position
    D. AP projection
    D. AP projection
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. The humerus can be examined with the patient in either the ________ or ________ position.
    supine or upright
  55. How should the hand be placed for the AP projection of the humerus?
    Supinated
  56. From the following list, circle the 3 evaluation criteria that indicate the humerus was correctly positioned for the AP position:
    a. epicondyles are superimposed
    b. epicondyles are maximally seen and not rotated
    c. greater tubercle is superimposed over the humeral head
    d. humeral head and greater tubercle are both seen in profile
    e. lesser tubercle is seen in profile and toward the glenoid fossa
    f. outline of the lesser tubercle is located between the humeral head and the greater tubercle
    • b. epicondyles are maximally seen and not rotated
    • d. humeral head and greater tubercle are both seen in profile
    • f. outline of the lesser tubercle is located between the humeral head and the greater tubercle
  57. The superimposition of what structures confirms that a true lateral image was produced?
    Humeral epicondyles
  58. Where is the centering point for the central ray for the AP projection of the thumb?
    1st MCP joint
  59. Which projection of the thumb requires the patient to rotate the hand in extreme internal rotation?
    AP projection
  60. Describe how and where the central ray should be directed for the PA projection of the hand.
    Perpendicular to the 3rd MCP joint
  61. What surface of the hand should be in contact with the IR for the PA projection of the hand?
    Anterior
  62. How many interphalangeal joints are found in one upper limb?
    A. 9
    B. 10
    C. 8
    D. 14
    A. 9
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  63. Each proximal phalanx articulates with a:
    A. middle phalanx
    B. distal phalanx
    C. metacarpal
    D. carpal bone
    C. metacarpal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  64. Which bones comprise the palm of the hand?
    A. metacarpals
    B. carpals
    C. metatarsals
    D. phalanges
    A. metacarpals
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  65. Which joint is formed by the articulation of the proximal end of the middle phalanx with the distal end of the proximal phalanx of the ring finger?
    A. the distal interphalangeal joint of the third digit
    B. the proximal interphalangeal joint of the fourth digit
    C. the proximal interphalangeal joint of the third digit
    D. the distal interphalangeal joint of the fourth digit
    B. the proximal interphalangeal joint of the fourth digit
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  66. Which joint is formed by the articulation of the distal end of the middle phalanx with the proximal end of the distal phalanx of the index finger?
    A. the proximal interphalangeal joint of the first digit
    B. the proximal interphalangeal joint of the second digit
    C. the distal interphalangeal joint of the second digit
    D. the distal interphalangeal joint of the first digit
    C. the distal interphalangeal joint of the second digit
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  67. Which joint is a hinge-type joint?
    A. interphalangeal
    B. scapulohumeral
    C. metacarpophalangeal
    D. carpometacarpal
    A. interphalangeal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  68. How many metacarpal bones are found in one upper limb?
    A. 8
    B. 14
    C. 2
    D. 5
    D. 5
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  69. Which of the following articulates with the bases of metacarpal bones?
    A. phalanges
    B. metacarpophalangeal joints
    C. forearm
    D. carpals
    D. carpals
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  70. Which joint of the hand is formed by the articulation of the head of a metacarpal with a digit?
    A. carpometacarpals
    B. metacarpophalangeals
    C. radiocarpal
    D. interphalangeals
    A. carpometacarpals
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  71. Which joint is an ellipsoidal joint?
    A. interphalangeal
    B. metacarpophalangeal
    C. carpometacarpal
    D. scapulohumeral
    B. metacarpophalangeal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  72. Which articulation of the upper limb is a saddle joint that allows the thumb to oppose the fingers?
    A. proximal radioulnar
    B. distal radioulnar
    C. radiocarpal
    D. first carpometacarpal
    D. first carpometacarpal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  73. Which bones are located in the proximal row of the wrist?
    A. scaphoid, lunate, capitate, and hamate
    B. trapezium, trapezoid, capitate, and hamate
    C. trapezium, trapezoid, pisiform, and triquetrum
    D. scaphoid, lunate, pisiform, and triquetrum
    D. scaphoid, lunate, pisiform, and triquetrum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  74. Which bones are located in the distal row of the wrist?
    A. pisiform, triquetrum, lunate, and scaphoid
    B. pisiform, triquetrum , trapezium, and trapezoid
    C. hamate, capitate, lunate, and scaphoid
    D. hamate, capitate, trapezium, and trapezoid
    D. hamate, capitate, trapezium, and trapezoid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  75. Where in the wrist is the scaphoid located?
    A. medial side of the proximal row
    B. medial side of the distal row
    C. lateral side of the distal row
    D. lateral side of the proximal row
    D. lateral side of the proximal row
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  76. Where in the wrist is the trapezium located?
    A. lateral side of the distal row
    B. medial side of the distal row
    C. medial side of the proximal row
    D. lateral side of the proximal row
    A. lateral side of the distal row
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  77. Where is the wrist is the hamate located?
    A. medial side of the proximal row
    B. medial side of the distal row
    C. lateral side of the distal row
    D. lateral side of the proximal row
    B. medial side of the distal row
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  78. What other name refers to the carpal bone known as the hamate?
    A. cumeiform
    B. capitatum
    C. os magnum
    D. unciform
    D. unciform
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  79. What other name refers to the carpal bone known as the capitate?
    A. capitatum
    B. os magnum
    C. cumeiform
    D. unciform
    B. os magnum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  80. What other name refers to the carpal bone known as the trapezium?
    A. lesser multangular
    B. semilunar
    C. trapezoid
    D. greater multangular
    D. greater multangular
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  81. What other name refers to the carpal bone known as the trapezoid?
    A. greater multangular
    B. pisiform
    C. unciform
    D. lesser multangular
    D. lesser multangular
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  82. Which carpal bone has only one name?
    A. hamate
    B. pisiform
    C. capitate
    D. scaphoid
    B. pisiform
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  83. Which bones are classified as short bones?
    A. metacarpals
    B. phalanges
    C. vertebrae
    D. carpals
    D. carpals
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  84. Which joint is the most distal articulation of the wrist?
    A. metacarpophalangeal
    B. intercarpal
    C. radiocarpal
    D. carpometacarpal
    D. carpometacarpal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  85. Which joint is the most proximal articulation of the wrist?a. intercarpal
    b. radiocarpal
    c. carpometacarpal
    d. metacarpophalangeal
    b. radiocarpal
  86. Which two carpal bones are the most lateral bones of the wrist?
    A. lunate and trapezoid
    B. scaphoid and trapezium
    C. lunate and trapezium
    D. scaphoid and trapezoid
    B. scaphoid and trapezium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  87. The lunate is situated between the:
    A. trapezoid and trapezium
    B. triquetrum and trapezium
    C. trapezoid and scaphoid
    D. triquetrum and scaphoid
    D. triquetrum and scaphoid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  88. What other name refers to the carpal bone known as the scaphoid?
    A. unciform
    B. navicular
    C. semilunar
    D. capitatum
    B. navicular
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  89. Which carpal bone does not articulate with the radius?
    A. lunate
    B. triquetrum
    C. scaphoid
    D. capitate
    D. capitate
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  90. Which bony structures are located on the proximal end of the ulna?
    A. radial notch, olecranon process, and coronoid process
    B. radial head, styloid process, and coronoid process
    C. radial head, olecranon process, and ulnar head
    D. radial notch, styloid process, and ulnar head
    A. radial notch, olecranon process, and coronoid process
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  91. Which bony structures are located on the distal end of the ulna?
    A. coronoid process and olecranon process
    B. ulnar head and olecranon process
    C. coronoid process and styloid process
    D. ulnar head and styloid process
    D. ulnar head and styloid process
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  92. Which bony structure is located on the distal end of the radius?
    A. head
    B. neck
    C. styloid process
    D. tubercle
    C. styloid process
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  93. Which bony structures are located on the proximal radius?
    A. head and tuberosity
    B. head and styloid process
    C. olecranon process and tubercle
    D. olecranon process and styloid process
    A. head and tuberosity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  94. Which structure is lcoated on the lateral aspect of the distal forearm?
    A. ulnar head
    B. ulnar styloid process
    C. radial head
    D. radial styloid process
    D. radial styloid process
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  95. Which large bony proces is easily located by touching on the posterior aspect of the proximal forearm?
    A. olecranon process
    B. radial tuberosity
    C. coronoid process
    D. styloid process
    A. olecranon process
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  96. Which structure is located on the medial side of the distal forearm?
    A. ulnar styloid process
    B. olecranon process
    C. radial styloid process
    D. coronoid process
    A. ulnar styloid process
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  97. Where is the trochlear notch located?
    A. proximal radius
    B. distal radius
    C. proximal ulna
    D. distal ulna
    C. proximal ulna
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  98. Which two structures articulate to form the proximal radioulnar joint?
    A. head of the ulna and radial notch of the ulna
    B. head of the radius and radial notch of the ulna
    C. head of the radius and ulnar notch of the radius
    D. head of the ulna and ulnar noth of the radius
    B. head of the radius and radial notch of the ulna
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  99. Which two structures articulate to form the distal radioulnar joint?
    A. head of the ulna and ulnar noth of the radius
    B. head of the radius and ulnar notch of the radius
    C. head of the radius and radial notch of the ulna
    D. head of the ulna and radial notch of the ulna
    A. head of the ulna and ulnar noth of the radius
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  100. Which articulation do the trochlea and the trochlear notch form?
    A. distal radioulnar
    B. proximal radioulnar
    C. humeroradial
    D. humeroulnar
    D. humeroulnar
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  101. Which structure articulates with the capitulum?
    A. humeral head
    B. glenoid fossa
    C. ulnar head
    D. radial head
    D. radial head
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  102. Which structure articulates with the trochlea?
    A. proximal ulna
    B. distal radius
    C. proximal ulna
    D. distal ulna
    A. proximal ulna
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  103. In which joint is the capitulum located?
    a. hip
    b. wrist
    d. elbow
    d. shoulder
    d. elbow
  104. In which joint is the trochlea located?
    A. elbow
    B. wrist
    C. hip
    D. shoulder
    A. elbow
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  105. Where is the capitutlum located?
    A. medial side of the proximal humerus
    B. lateral side of the proximal humerus
    C. lateral side of the distal humerus
    D. medial side of the distal humerus
    C. lateral side of the distal humerus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  106. With reference from the trochlea, where is the capitulum located?
    A. distal
    B. proximal
    C. lateral
    D. medial
    C. lateral
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  107. What is the roughened process of the humerus superior and lateral to the intertubercular groove?
    A. lesser tubercle
    B. greater tubercle
    C. medial epicondyle
    D. lateral epicondyle
    B. greater tubercle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  108. Which bony process is located on the anterior surface of the proximal humerus?
    A. greater tubercle
    B. medial epicondyle
    C. lesser tubercle
    D. lateral epicondyle
    C. lesser tubercle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  109. Which structure articulates with the ulna to form the humeroulnar joint?
    A. humeral head
    B. trochlea
    C. radial head
    D. capitulum
    B. trochlea
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  110. How many articulations does the humerus have?
    A. 4
    B. 3
    C. 5
    D. 2
    B. 3
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  111. Which structur articulates with the radius to form the humeroradial joint?
    A. capitulum
    B. trochlea
    C. humeral head
    D. radial notch
    A. capitulum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  112. Which depression is located on the anterior surface of the distal humerus?
    A. coronoid fossa
    B. radial notch
    C. olecranon fossa
    D. intertubercular groove
    A. coronoid fossa
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  113. Which depression is located on the posterior surface of the distal humerus?
    A. coronoid fossa
    B. intertubercular groove
    C. olecranon fossa
    D. radial notch
    C. olecranon fossa
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  114. Which depression is located between the lesser and great tubercles of the proximal humerus?
    A. coronoid fossa
    B. radial notch
    C. olecranon fossa
    D. intertubercular groove
    D. intertubercular groove
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  115. Which digit of the hand produces the greates OID in the lateral projection of that digit?
    A. third digit
    B. first digit
    C. fifth digit
    D. second digit
    A. third digit
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  116. For the lateral projections of the second through fifth digits of the hand, through which joint should the CR be directed?
    A. distal interphalangeal
    B. carpometacarpal
    C. proximal interphalangeal
    D. metacarpophalangeal
    C. proximal interphalangeal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  117. Which digit of the hand produces the least OID in the lateral projection of that digit?
    A. third digit
    B. OID is equal for all lateral projections of the digits
    C. fourth digit
    D. second digit
    D. second digit
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  118. What is the centering point for the CR for the PA projection of the third finger?
    A. proximal interphalangeal joint of the third digit
    B. distal interphalangeal joint of the third digit
    C. head of the third metacarpal
    D. base of the third metacarpal
    A. proximal interphalangeal joint of the third digit
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  119. What is the appropriate collimated field for the PA projection of the second digit?
    A. 0.5 inch on all sides of the digit, including 1 inch distal to the MCP joint
    B. 1 inch on all sides of the digit, including 1 inch proximal to the MCP joint
    C. 1 inch on all sides of the digit, including 1 inch distal to the MCP joint
    D. 0.5 inch on all sides of the digit, including 1 inch proximal to the MCP joint
    B. 1 inch on all sides of the digit, including 1 inch proximal to the MCP joint
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  120. What is the appropriate collimated field for all projections of the first digit (thumb)?
    A. 1 inch on all sides of the digit, including 1 inch proximal to the CMC joint
    B. 0.5 inch on all sides of the digit, including 1 inch proximal to the MCP joint
    C. 1 inch on all sides of the digit, including 1 inch proximal to the MCP joint
    D. 0.5 inch on all sides of the digit, including 1 inch proximal to the CMC joint
    A. 1 inch on all sides of the digit, including 1 inch proximal to the CMC joint
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  121. What is the appropriate collimated field for the PA projection of the hand?
    A. 0.5 inch on all sides of the hand, including 1 inch distal to the ulnar styloid
    B. 1 inch on all sides of the hand, including 1 inch distal to the ulnar styloid
    C. 1 inch on all sides of the hand, including 1 inch proximal to the ulnar styloid
    D. 0.5 inch on all sides of the hand, including 1 inch proximal to the ulnar styloid
    C. 1 inch on all sides of the hand, including 1 inch proximal to the ulnar styloid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  122. For the PA projection of the hand, where should the CR be directed?
    A. base of the third metacarpal
    B. midcarpal area
    C. third metacarpophalangeal joint
    D. proximal interphalangeal joint of the third digit
    C. third metacarpophalangeal joint
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  123. Which of the following is best for demonstration of a foreign body in the hand?
    A. AP oblique projection
    B. PA oblique projection
    C. lateral in "fan lateral" position
    D. lateral in extension
    D. lateral in extension
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  124. Which projection of the wrist requires that the radial styloid process be superimposed over the ulnar styloid process?
    A. PA oblique
    B. lateral
    C. PA
    D. PA axial (stecher method)
    B. lateral
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  125. What is the appropriate collimated field for the PA projection of the wrist?
    A. 2.5 inches on all sides of the wrist joint
    B. 1 inch on al sides of the wrist joint
    C. 3 inches proximal and distal to the wrist joint and 2 inches on the sides
    D. 2.5 inches proximal and distal to the wrist joint and 1 inch on the sides
    D. 2.5 inches proximal and distal to the wrist joint and 1 inch on the sides
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  126. For the PA projection of the wrist, which positioning maneuver should be used to place the anterior surface of the wrist in contact with the IR?
    A. slightly arch the hand
    B. ulnar-flex the hand
    C. radial-flex the hand
    D. pronate the hand in full extension
    A. slightly arch the hand
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  127. How should the hand and wrist be positioned for the PA oblique projection of the wrist?
    A. with the hand pronated, rotate the wrist ulnar side up
    B. with the hand pronated, rotate the wrist radial side up
    C. with the hand supinated, rotate the wrist ulnar side up
    D. with the hand supinated, rotate the wrist radial side up
    B. with the hand pronated, rotate the wrist radial side up
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  128. How should the hand be positioned for the AP projection of the forearm?
    A. lateral, with lateral surface on IR
    B. lateral, with medial surface on IR
    C. supinated
    D. pronated
    C. supinated
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  129. What is the appropriate collimated field for all projections of the forearm?
    A. 1 inch distal to the wrist and proximal to the elbow, and 0.5 inch on the sides
    B. 2 inches distal to the wrist and proximal to the elbow, and 1 inch on the sides
    C. 2 inches on all sides of the forearm
    D. 1 inch on all sides of the forearm
    B. 2 inches distal to the wrist and proximal to the elbow, and 1 inch on the sides
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  130. Which description best explains how radial crossover occurs when the forearm is demonstrated?
    A. during the AP projection, the hand is pronated
    B. during the AP projection, the hand is supinated
    C. during the lateral projection, the radial and ulnar styloid processes are superimposed with each other
    D. during the lateral projection, the arm is fully extended with the hand flexed
    A. during the AP projection, the hand is pronated
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  131. For the Ap projection of the forearm, which positioning step should be taken to prevent radial crossover?
    A. supinate the hand
    B. keep the humeral epicondylar coronal plane perpendicular with the IR
    C. pronate the hand
    D. keep the humeral epicondylar coronal plane parallel with the IR
    A. supinate the hand
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  132. Which projection of the forearm requires that the elbow be flexed 90 degrees?
    A. lateral
    B. AP oblique, medial rotation position
    C. AP
    D. AP oblique, lateral rotation position
    A. lateral
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  133. When performing a radiograph of a forearm in a fiberglass cast, approximately which compensation to exposure technique should occur?
    A. decrease mAs 25% or 4 kVp
    B. increase mAs 25% or 4 kVp
    C. decrease mAs 50% or 8 kVp
    D. increase mAs 50% or 8 kVp
    B. increase mAs 25% or 4 kVp
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  134. How much should the elbow be flexed for the lateral projection of the elbow?
    A. 90 degrees
    B. 25 degrees
    C. 45 degrees
    D. 80 degrees
    A. 90 degrees
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  135. Which projection of the elbow best demonstrates the radial head free of bony superimposition?
    A. AP oblique, medial rotation position
    B. lateral
    C. AP oblique, lateral rotation position
    D. AP
    C. AP oblique, lateral rotation position
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  136. Which projection and postion of the upper limb best demonstrates the coronoid process in profile and free of superimposition?
    A. AP oblique of the elbow in medial rotation position
    B. AP oblique of the elbow in lateral rotation position
    C. AP oblique of the wrist in lateral rotation position
    D. PA oblique of the wrist with lateral side elevated 45 degrees from IR
    A. AP oblique of the elbow in medial rotation position
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  137. What is the apporpriate collimated field for the AP projection of the elbow?
    A. 2 inch proximal and distal to the elbow joint and 1 inch on all sides
    B. 2 inch on all sides of the elbow joint
    C. 3 inch proximal and distal to the elbow joint and 1 inch on all sides
    D. 1 inch on all sides of the elbow joint
    C. 3 inch proximal and distal to the elbow joint and 1 inch on all sides
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  138. With reference to the plane of the IR, how should the humeral epicondylar coronal place be positioned for the AP projection of the elbow?
    A. 45 degrees lateral rotation
    B. 45 degrees medial rotation
    C. parallel
    D. perpendicular
    C. parallel
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  139. Which projection of the elbow best demonstrates the olecranon process in profile?
    A. AP oblique projection, lateral rotation position
    B. AP oblique projection, medial rotation position
    C. AP projection
    D. lateral projection
    D. lateral projection
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  140. Which positioning characteristic best indicates that the humerus is properly positioned for the AP projection of the humerus?
    A. the hand is pronated on the table
    B. the hand is true lateral on the table
    C. the humeral epicondylar coronal place is parallel with the IR
    D. the humeral epicondylar coronal plane is perpendicular to the IR
    C. the humeral epicondylar coronal place is parallel with the IR
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  141. Which evaluation criterion indicates that the humerus was properly positioned for the AP projection?
    A. the epicondyles are superimposed
    B. the lesser tubercle is seen in profile
    C. the greater tubercle is superimposed over the humeral head
    D. the humeral head and greater tubercle are both seen in profile
    D. the humeral head and greater tubercle are both seen in profile
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  142. One way that the lateral radiograph of a humerus, produced with the patient in the lateral decubitus position and the IR placed between the arm and thorax, appears different from the lateral position with the patient standing is that the former demonstrates:
    A. the humeral head in profile
    B. less than the entire humerus
    C. the lesser tubercle in profile
    D. the greater tubercle in profile
    B. less than the entire humerus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  143. With reference to the place of the IR, how is it determined that the humerus is properly positioned in true lateral position?
    A. the humeral epicondylar coronal plane is parallel
    B. the hand is placed true lateral
    C. the hand is pronated
    D. the humeral epicondylar coronal plane is perpendicular
    D. the humeral epicondylar coronal plane is perpendicular
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  144. Which evaluation criterion indicates that the humerus was properly positioned for the lateral projection?
    A. beam divergence opens the elbow joint
    B. maximum visualization of the epicondyles without rotation is seen
    C. the lesser tubercle is seen in profile
    D. the humeral head and greater tubercle are both seen in profile
    C. the lesser tubercle is seen in profile
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  145. What is the appropriate collimated field for the AP and lateral projection of the humerus?
    A. 3 inches on all sides of the humerus
    B. 2 inch distal to the elbow and superior to the shoulder and 1 inch on the sides
    C. 2 inch proximal to the elbow and superior to the shoulder and 1 inch on the sides
    D. 2 inches on all sides of the humerus
    B. 2 inch distal to the elbow and superior to the shoulder and 1 inch on the sides
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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