terminology 2.txt

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terminology 2.txt
2011-11-01 08:36:25
medical terminology

Medical Terminology
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  1. -paresis
  2. Myelitis
    Spinal cord or bone marrow inflammation
  3. Diplopia
    Double vision
  4. Cranial Nerve VIII
    Vestibulocochlear: also called Auditory Nerve - impulses of equalibrium and hearing
  5. Cranial Nerve IX
    Glossopharangeal: sensory impulses from pharynx (swallowing), taste, posterior 1/3 of tongue
  6. Cranial Nerve X
    Vagus: supplies most organs in abdominal and thoracic cavities
  7. Cranial Nerve XI
    Accessory: controls neck and shoulder muscles
  8. Cranial Nerve XII
    Hypoglossal: controls tongue muscles
  9. Estropia
  10. Mypoia
  11. Hyperopia
  12. Where does the epidural shot go?
    Between the vetebral bone and the dura matter (epidural = above dura)
  13. Cranial nerve I
    Olfactory: transports impulses for sense of smell
  14. Cranial Nerve II
    Optic: carries impulses for sense of smell
  15. Cranial Nerve III
    Occulomotor: motor impulses for eye
  16. Cranial Nerve V
    Trigeminal: sensory impulses for face and motor for chewing
  17. Cranial Nerve IV
    Trochlear: controls oblique muscles of eye on each side
  18. Cranial Nerve VII
  19. Cranial Nerve VI
    Abducens: controls eyeball muscle to turn eye to side
  20. What does the occipital lobe control?
  21. vas/o
    vas deferens
  22. -pradial
    relating to a meal
  23. Tetany
    Nerve irritability and painful muscle cramps resulting from hypocalcemia
  24. orch/o, orchi/o, orchid/o
  25. orchidopexy
    surgical fixation of testes
  26. balan/o
    glans penis
  27. Balanorrhea
    Discharge from Glans penis
  28. lith/o, lith
  29. Amniocentesis
    Puncture of the amniotic sac for teh purpose of withdrawaling fluid - can assist in determining maturity, development and genetic disorders
  30. Bartholin's Glands
    Located on either side of the vaginal orifice and secrete mucus for lubrication during intercourse
  31. What is a girl's first pregnancy called?
  32. para-, -para
    • para- = through
    • -para = birth
  33. Multipara
    Multiple births
  34. -partum
  35. -salphinx
    Fallopian Tube
  36. Pyosalphinx
    Pus in a fallopian tube
  37. hyster/o
  38. Hysterorrhexis
    Ruptured Uterus
  39. nat/o
  40. Chorion
    The outer two membran sacs surrounding the fetus, it helps form the placenta
  41. Calculus
    Stone formed from within an organ
  42. -pnea
  43. Hypospadias
    Congenital opening of the male urethra on the underside of the penis
  44. Epispadias
    Congenital opening of the urethra on the dorsal surface of the penis
  45. Hydrocele
    Accumulation of fluid around the testes or along the spermatic cord, common in infants
  46. ox/o, oxi/o
  47. spermat/o
  48. What is the external opening through which through which urine passes out of the body is the?
    Urinary meatus
  49. Shingles
    Eruption of painful blisters (vesicles) on the body along a nerve path. Caused by Herpes Zoster virus infection of the nerve root.
  50. Myasthenia Gravis
    Disease with sever muscular weakness and fatigue due to insufficient neurotransmitter at a synapse.
  51. Multiple Sclerosis
    Inflammatory disease of the CNS in which there is weakness and numbness due to loss of myelin insulation from nerves
  52. Presbyopia
    Visual loss due to old age, resulting in difficulty in focusing for near vision (such as reading).
  53. What are Rods for? Cones?
    • Rods = black/white & dim vision
    • Cones = color vision
  54. Empyema
    Pus within the pleural cavity space usually associated with a bacterial infection, also called Pyothorax
  55. Hemoptysis
    To cough up blood or blood-stained sputum
  56. Atelectasis (at-eh-LEK-tah-sis)
    Alveoli in a portion of the lung collapse preventing gas exchange, also used to describe the failure of an infants lungs to expand
  57. Nasal Cannula
    Two pronged plastic device for delivering oxygen into the nose
  58. Epitaxis
  59. Cystic Fibrosis
    Hereditary condition causing the exocrine glands to malfunction. The patient produces very thick mucus that causes severe congestion within the lungs and digestive tract.
  60. -capina
    Carbon dioxide
  61. orth/o
    Straight, upright
  62. -emia
    In blood
  63. Rales
    Abnormal crackling sound made during inspriation, usually indicates the presence of fluid or mucus in the airway
  64. Pneumocystis Carinii Pneumonia (PCP)
    Pneumonia with a nonproductive cough, very little fever and dyspenia caused by a fungus common in AIDS patients
  65. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)
    Acute Viral respiratory infection that begins like the flu but progresses rapidly, highly fatal
  66. Hisoplasmosis
    Pulmonary infection caused by the fugus histoplasmosis capsulatum found in the droppings of pigeons and chickens
  67. Legionnaire's Disease
    Sever, often fatal bacterial infection
  68. Mycoplasma Pneumonia
    Walking pneumonia, caused by bacteria
  69. pneum/o
  70. spir/o
  71. Spirometer
    Instrument used to measure air capacity in lungs
  72. Stridor
    Harsh, high pitched noisy breathing sound made when there is an obstruction of the bronchus or larynx
  73. Polysomnography
    Sleep Apnea test
  74. Sweat Test
    Cystic Fibrosis test, looks for excess salt in sweat
  75. Croup
    Acute respiratory condition found in infants and children that is characterized by a barking type of cough or stridor
  76. Pertussis
    Whooping cough
  77. Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome
    Acute respiratory failure in adults characterized by tachypnea, dyspnea, cyanosis, tachycardia and hypoxemia. May follow septic shock, trauma or pneumonia
  78. Hypoexemia
    Abnormally low concentration of oxygen in the blood
  79. Anthracosis (anthracosis)
    black-lung or miner's lung
  80. Orthopnea
    Dyspnea that is worsend by lying down; the patient is able to breath better sitting up - common in CHF
  81. Lapar/o
    • Abdomen
    • Laparotomy - Incision into the abdomen
  82. Otitis
    Inflammation of the ear; otitis externa, otitis media, otitis interna
  83. Bell's Palsy
    One-sided facial paralysis due to inflammation of the facial nerve, probably viral in nature - most patients recover - Facial nerve - Cranial Nerve VII
  84. Spinal Bifida
    Congenital defect in the walls of the spinal canal in which the laminae of the vertebrae do not meet or close
  85. Tonic-clonic seizure
    Called Grand-mal seizure - severe epileptic seizure characterized by a loss of consciousness and convulsions. The seizure alternates between strong continuous muscle spasme (tonic) and rhythmic muscles contractions (clonic)
  86. Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA)
    A Stoke, the development of an infarct due ot loss in the blood supply to the brain
  87. Cerebral Palsy
    Non-progressive brain damage usually during birth, could be lack of oxygen, defect or trauma during childbirth
  88. Absence Seizure
    Type of epileptic seizure that last only a few seconds to half of a minute
  89. Syncope (SIN-koh-pee)
  90. Paraplegia
    Paralysis of the lower portion of the body and both legs
  91. Palsy
    Temporary or permanent loss of the ability to control movement
  92. Hemiplegia
    Paralysis on only on side of the body
  93. Hemiparesis
    Weakness or loss of motion on one side of the body
  94. -phasia
    • Speech
    • Aphasia = lack of speech
  95. How many pairs of cranial nerves do we have? Spinal nerves?
    • Cranial = 12 pairs
    • Spinal = 31 pairs
  96. Rhonchi
    Wheezing during exhalation
  97. Which lung has three lobes?
  98. Corticosteroids
    A hormone produced by the adrenal cortex tha thas strong anti-inflammatory properties
  99. (HNP) Herniated Nucleus Pulposus
    Herniation or protrusion of an intervertebral disk, also called a ruptured or herniated disk
  100. (DXA) Duel-Energy absorptiometry
    Measurement of bone density using low dose xray - used to determine osteoporosis