● Intellectual curiosity
- Attitudes: more like feelings and traits of mind.
- ● Independent thinking. Critical thinkers do not believe everything they are told; they do not just go along with the crowd. They listen to what others think and they learn from new ideas. They do not accept or reject an idea before they understand it. Nurses should challenge actions and policies that have no logical support.
. Critical thinkers love to learn new things. They are naturally inquisitive and frequently think or ask, "What if . . . ?" "How could we do this differently?" and "How does this work?"
● Intellectual humility
. Critical thinkers are aware that they do not know everything, and they are not embarrassed to ask for help when they don't know. They reevaluate their conclusions or chosen course of action in light of new information and are willing to admit when they are wrong. However, this trait does not imply ambivalence or apathy.
● Intellectual empathy
. Critical thinkers try to understand the feelings and perceptions of others and expand perspective toward a worldview. They try to view a situation as another person sees it.
● Intellectual courage
. Critical thinkers consider and examine their own values and beliefs, as well as viewpoints of others, even when this is uncomfortable. They are willing to rethink, and even reject, previously held beliefs that are not well justified. Without intellectual courage, people become resistant to change.
● Intellectual perseverance
. Critical thinkers don't settle for the quick, obvious answer. They do not jump to conclusions. Important questions are usually complex; critical thinkers are willing to contemplate and consider alternate ideas. They investigate thoroughly, even when this takes a great deal of effort and time.
- ● Fair-mindedness. Critical thinkers try to make impartial judgments. They consider various viewpoints fairly, realizing that personal biases, customs, and social pressures can influence their thinking. They examine their own biases each time they make a decision.