Birds-30 Oct 2011.txt

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Author:
brideout
ID:
113253
Filename:
Birds-30 Oct 2011.txt
Updated:
2012-01-22 21:47:27
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North American Birds
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ID notes
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  1. BWTE
    • Large dark bill
    • Dark eye line
    • White eye arcs
    • White facial crescent
    • Male white hip patch
  2. GWTE
    • Small dark thin bill
    • Buffy undertail streak
    • Smallest dabbling duck
  3. GADW
    • Thin bill with orange edges
    • Plain face
    • White secondaries visible
    • Yellow legs
  4. EUWI vs AMWI
    • Female warmer head
    • Grayer back
    • Male dark rufous head
    • Pale gray back
  5. COGO vs BAGO
    • F: mostly black vs yellow bill
    • M: 1st winter almost same
    • M: Round vs crescent patch
    • Mostly white vs spotted back
    • No dark shoulder spur
  6. SUSC vs WWSC
    • F SUSC: vertical face patch
    • F WWSC: Oval face patch
    • White secondaries
    • M: White comma below eye
  7. RTLO
    • Basic: White face and neck
    • White speckling on back
  8. PALO
    • Basic: Straight neck border
    • Chin strap
    • Alt: Pale grey nape
    • White patches on back
  9. COLO
    • Basic: Jagged neck margin
    • Alt: Black head, bill
    • White checkering on back
    • Big feet
  10. HOGR
    • White cheek
    • Usually white neck
    • Flat-topped head
    • Thicker neck than EAGR
  11. EAGR
    • Dark cheek (auriculars)
    • Usually dusky neck
    • Thin neck
    • Slender upturned bill
    • Head peak over eye
  12. WEGR
    • Dull yellow-olive bill
    • Dark around eye
    • Thicker neck stripe
  13. CLGR
    • Bright yellow to orange bill
    • White around eye
    • Thin neck stripe
  14. BLSP
    • Large, black, forked tail
    • Deep wing beats, long glides
    • Direct leisurely flight
  15. LSTP
    • Tiny, dark, wedge-shaped tail
    • Flight like BLSP, but bat-like
    • Deep quick wing beats
  16. LESP
    • Medium sized, forked tail
    • Erratic hanging flight
    • White rump longer than wide
    • Less fluttery than WISP
  17. WISP
    • Square to notched tail
    • Feet extend past tail
    • Fast swallow-like flight
    • White rump wraps to vent
    • Smaller than LESP
    • Wing molt Apr-Aug in Calif
  18. ASSP
    • Medium sized, dark
    • Forked tail
    • Distinct butterfly-like flight
    • Wings not above horizontal
  19. FTSP
    • Only gray storm petrel
    • Flight less erratic than LESP
    • Shallow wing beats
    • Basic phalarope similar
  20. WRSP
    • Robust Oceanodroma
    • Broad white rump
    • Flight erratic, bat-like
    • Quick deep wing beats
    • Little gliding
    • Pale upper wing crescent
  21. BULS
    • Long wedge-shaped tail
    • Gray above with dark M
    • All white underwing
    • Leisurely flight
    • Cap and tail darker than back
  22. WTSH
    • Like BULS but dark underwing border
    • Dark morph is all dark below
  23. MASH
    • Like BVSH but black above
    • White undertail diagnostic
    • White wraps around ear
  24. BRBO
    • Dark above
    • White below with dark pp, ss
    • Juv: All dark; pale axillaries
    • Dark belly
  25. BFBO
    • Ad: Pale head, gray bill
    • Dark mantle & wings
    • White rump
    • White belly to axillaries
    • Mostly dark underwing
    • Juv: Dark above, white belly
    • Tail pale above, dark below
  26. RFBO
    • Ad: White with black remiges
    • Dark Ad: Brown replaces white except on tail
    • Juv: All dark underwing
    • Pale belly
  27. MABO
    • Ad: Like RFBO but tail white
    • Juv: Like BRBO but white collar and dark pp only
  28. RBTR
    • Black leading wing edge
    • Finely barred back
    • Black eye stripe circles nape
    • White below
    • Juv: Yellow bill
  29. WTTR
    • Black pp
    • Broken black M above
    • Yellowish bill
    • Short grayish eyeline
    • Coarsely barred back
    • Atlantic only
  30. RTTR
    • Mostly white
    • Red bill and tail streamers
    • Black pp shafts
    • Juv: Like RBTR juv but with less black in pp and no collar
  31. NECO
    • Dark lores (not yellow)
    • Dark brown breast
    • Small head, short bill
    • Breeding: White V on chin
    • Tail as long as neck
  32. AMBI
    • Large and heavy bodied
    • Bold brown stripes on neck
    • Dark pp and ss, pale coverts
    • Wings pointed vs BCNH
    • Dark malar, yellow bill
  33. LEBI
    • Smallest heron
    • Dark pp and ss, buffy coverts
    • Dark cap
    • White stripes sides of back
    • Fainter neck stripes
  34. REEG
    • Reddish neck
    • Pink bill with black tip
    • Slate gray body
    • Gray-blue legs
    • Juv: pale chalky gray overall
    • Grayish bill
    • White morph has same bill
  35. TRHE
    • Blue-gray neck
    • White belly diagnostic
    • Long gray bill with black tip
    • Yellow to brown legs
    • Juv: Reddish neck
    • Yellowish bill
    • Yellow legs
  36. LBHE
    • Blue-gray with green legs
    • Slight reddish tint to head
    • Bluish dark-tipped bill
    • Juv: White with gray bill
    • Dull green legs
    • Bill gray, green, or pink
    • Small dark pp tips
  37. CAEG
    • Short yellow bill, stocky neck
    • Buffy patches in breeding
    • Short legs
    • Walks with bobbing head
    • Juv: Black bill and legs
  38. GRHE
    • Green body
    • Dark rufous neck
    • Dark cap with slight crest
    • Dark greenish body
    • Yellow-green to orange legs
    • Juv: Thick neck streaks
    • Upper bill dark, lower yellow
  39. BCNH
    • Juv: Broad neck streaks
    • Yellowish bill with dark tip
    • White spots on wing coverts
    • Short yellowish legs
  40. YCNH
    • Juv: Narrow sharp streaks
    • Tiny white spots on wings
    • Thick dark bill
  41. WFIB
    • Iris red by February
    • White border to reddish face
    • Gray bill
    • Adult has bright red legs
    • Juv has dark brown legs
    • Paler below than GLIB
  42. GLIB
    • Dark iris
    • Pale outline to dark face
    • Brownish bill
    • Darker below than WFIB
  43. TRUS
    • Bill always black at base
    • Pointed forehead border
    • Gray-brown back
  44. TUSW
    • Usually yellow lores
    • Rounded forehead border
    • Juv: Gray-brown
    • Pink bill base
  45. CANG
    • Aleutian white neck ring
    • Dark breast
    • Cackling tiny bill
    • Dark breast
    • Round head, short neck
    • Richardson's pale breast
    • Intermediate bill
  46. GWFG
    • White front of face
    • Pinkish bill
    • Bright orange legs
    • Juv: Drab yellowish bill
    • Dark face
  47. ROGO
    • Small with tiny bill
    • Small grin patch on bill
    • Always white wing coverts
    • Black and white or all white
    • Clean white head
  48. SNGO
    • Large grin patch on bill
    • Dark form with white head
    • All white form
    • Slight rusty tinge on head
    • All dark juv with dark bill
  49. HASH
    • White UT coverts & tail tip
    • Rufous shoulders
    • Long tail, broad wings
  50. ZTHA
    • Broad white band mid-tail
    • Two gray bars on upper tail
    • White-barred remiges
    • Yellow feet & cere
    • Juv: Thin pale bars on tail
  51. BWHA
    • Smallest buteo
    • Short tail
    • Like small RTHA
    • Dark and light forms
    • One white tail band
  52. SWHA
    • Most slender buteo
    • Light, intermed, dark forms
    • Dark remiges
    • Dark upper chest
    • Dihedral wings when soaring
  53. FEHA
    • Large buteo
    • Dark leg feathering
    • White remiges below
    • White patch on upper pp
    • Rare dark morph
  54. RLHA
    • Dark wrist patch and belly
    • Usually pale head
    • Light form white rump above
    • Dark terminal tail band
    • Dark Ad like ZTHA but with white pp below
  55. CLRA
    • Large, long neck & bill
    • Heavy bill
    • Orange cheeks
  56. VIRA
    • Small with long orange bill
    • Gray cheeks
    • More contrasty flank stripes
  57. AGPL
    • Smaller than BBPL
    • Small bill
    • Darker cap
    • Brighter supercilium
    • Long pp projection
    • Gray underwing
  58. WATA
    • Short yellow legs
    • Med straight bill
    • Long nasal groove
    • Bill gray with dark tip
    • Heavily barred below in Alt
    • Bobs
  59. SURF
    • Stocky with short yellow legs
    • Short stout bill
    • Gray back and breast
    • Finely spotted below
  60. REKN
    • Large, sturdy, short dark legs
    • Shortish, straight stout bill
    • Gray back with fine scales
    • Gray breast
    • White flanks with dark bars
  61. SAND
    • Larger than peeps
    • White below
    • Black leading wing edge
    • Broad white wing stripe
    • Juvenile speckled above
  62. DUNL
    • Stocky with long droopy bill
    • Dull brown with brown breast
    • Dark legs
    • Juv rare S of breeding
  63. CUSA
    • Like an elegant DUNL
    • Longer legs, wings, neck
    • Dark rufous chest in Alt
    • Pale breast in Basic
    • Brighter supercilium
  64. PESA
    • Like a large LESA
    • Longer winged
    • Streaked breast in all
  65. BASA
    • Slender with long wings
    • Thin straight bill
    • Steep forehead
    • Juv: Buffy breastband
    • Ad: Pale gray breastband
    • White loral spot
  66. WESA
    • Ad Alt: Rufous scapulars
    • Spotted breast
    • Basic: Gray above
    • Pale breast
    • Juv: Rufous upper scapulars
    • Black anchors lower scaps
    • Longer legs than SESA
    • Wades deeper
  67. SESA
    • Alt Ad: gray-brown
    • Speckled breast
    • Short straight bill
    • Ad Basic: Gray, pale breast
    • Juv: Scaly above, not rufous
    • Dark cap
    • Dingy breast
  68. LESA
    • Very small
    • Drooping fine tipped bill
    • Ad Alt: Browner than WESA
    • Brown breast
    • Ad Basic: Gray-brown
    • Gray-brown breastband
    • Juv: Bright rufous above
    • Greenish legs unique
  69. SBDO v LBDO
    • Ad Alt: White belly v rufous
    • Flank stripes bolder
    • Short vs long black tail bands
    • Juv: Tertial pattern v none
  70. Doves
    • WWDO: White wing edge, blue orbital ring, black cheek comma.
    • SPDO: Juv w/o spotted neck.
    • INDO: Small, scaly pattern.
    • RGDO: Narrow black marks on scaps and tertials
    • CGDO: Dark tertial marks, clean scaps, pink or red-based bill.
  71. COPO
    • Large head
    • Short wings and tail
    • White tail corners
  72. LENI v CONI
    • Bar near wingtip v pp base
    • Buffy spots on remiges v not
  73. VASW
    • Short wings and tail
    • Paler rump than CHSW
    • Quicker wingbeats
    • Deeper flaps than CHSW
    • Paler throat
  74. CHSW v VASW
    • Longer wings and tail
    • Darker rump
    • Darker below
    • Narrow-based wings
    • Glides more
  75. BLSW
    • Largest, all black
    • Broad-based wings
    • Slow shallow wingbeats
    • Notched tail when closed
    • (Ad male only)
  76. RBSA
    • Red head
    • White partial subocular stripe
    • Less white on back
    • No black on breast or crown
  77. RNSA
    • Nape us. red, occas. white
    • White chin, occas. all red
    • Red throat, black below only
    • White back marks in 2 rows
    • Subocular stripe joins belly
    • White supercilium
    • Intermed btwn RBSA-YBSA
  78. YBSA
    • Like RNSA
    • F: White throat
    • M: Red throat, black border
    • Nape usually white
    • Juv: Paler head than RNSA
  79. NOFL
    • Yellow-shafted: Yellow underwing, brown face and throat, black malar.
    • Red-shafted: Red underwing, gray face and throat, red malar.
  80. OSFL
    • Large, long wings, short tail
    • Dark vest
    • White throat
    • Large bill, lower base pale
    • No wingbars
    • Juv: White on lateral rump
  81. WWPE
    • Long pp projection
    • Short tail
    • Dusky vest
    • Med bill, lower base pale
    • Weak eyerings & wingbars
    • Does not flick tail
  82. WIFL
    • Large, flat forehead
    • Shortish pp projection
    • Long broad tail & bill
    • Whitish throat curls up
    • Buffy wingbars
  83. LEFL
    • Small, but with large head
    • Short pp
    • Short mostly pale bill
    • Short narrow tail
    • Bold complete eyering
    • Juv: Fresh buffy wingbars
  84. HAFL
    • Small, but long pp
    • Short tail
    • Tiny dark bill
    • Dusky vest
    • Slight crest
  85. DUFL
    • Like HAFL, but:
    • Not as compact
    • Shorter wings, longer tail
    • Longer bill
    • Rounder head
  86. GRFL
    • Large, long narrow bill
    • Short pp projection
    • Long tail, bobs down gently
    • Pale loral and forehead bar
    • Weak wingbars and tertials
  87. DCFL
    • Like ATFL, but:
    • +/- no rufous under tail
    • Brighter yellow below
    • Rufous edges on ss
    • Almost no wingbars
    • Juv: Rufous tail edges
  88. ATFL
    • Whitish wingbars
    • White edges on ss
    • Rufous undertail w/ dark tip
    • Juv: Dark tip lacking
  89. GRVI
    • Like PLVI but weak marks
    • One weak wingbar
    • Faint spectacles
    • Raises and flips tail
  90. REVI
    • Dark cap, long flat head
    • Supercilium w/ dark border
    • Green back
    • White breast
    • Pale yellow flanks & UTC
    • Red eye hard to see
  91. YGVI
    • Gray cap
    • No dark eyeline border
    • Yellowish cheeks
    • Bright yellow flanks & UTC
    • Large pale bill
    • Duller red eye
  92. PHVI
    • Like WAVI but:
    • Dark lores
    • Brightest yellow throat center
    • Darker remiges
    • Short tail
  93. WEVI
    • Yellow spectacles
    • White iris unique
    • Gray collar
    • Pale yellow flanks & UTC
    • Dark wings, white wingbars
    • Juv: Dark iris until winter
  94. YTVI
    • Yellow-green head
    • Yellow spectacles
    • Gray back
    • White wing bars
    • Bright yellow throat
    • White belly and UTC
    • Short tail
  95. CAVI
    • Gray head, greenish back
    • Greenish edges on ss
    • Yellowish flanks
    • White UTC
  96. PLVI
    • Like CAVI but no yellow
    • Gray ss edges
    • Gray back
    • Sl larger and larger billed
  97. BHVI
    Like CAVI but darker head
  98. PUMA
    • Larger thsn swallows
    • Longer wings
    • Slower wingbeats
    • Confused with EUST
    • F/Juv: Gray collar & below
  99. NRWS
    • Short square tail
    • Broad wings
    • Remiges with pale bases
  100. BANS v TRES
    • Chestband darker
    • Forehead pale
    • More slender wings
    • Long slender tail
  101. CASW v CLSW
    • Pale v dark throat
    • Dark forehead
  102. BARS
    • Dark remiges
    • Pale UW coverts
    • Dark throat
    • Juv: White band across tail
  103. CAGN v BGGN
    • Gray v white tertial edges
    • Black v white undertail
  104. TOSO
    • Gray overall
    • White eyering
    • Intricate wing pattern
    • Juv: Scaly pattern overall
  105. MOBL v WEBL
    • Thinner bill
    • Black v yellow gape
  106. SATH
    • Short straight bill
    • Yellowish iris
    • Streaked below
    • Thin white wingbars
  107. RTPI v AMPI
    • Streaks on back v not
    • Pale v dark legs
    • Weak v strong eyeline
  108. SPPI
    • Unstreaked flanks
    • Blank face
    • Dark streaked crown
    • Pale legs
  109. BOWA v CEDW
    • White v black ss tips
    • Yellow v black pp edges
    • Rufous v brown face
    • Gray v brown belly
  110. HETA
    • Stout dark bill
    • F: orangish
    • Gray auriculars and flanks
    • M: Red overall
    • Brightest on crown & throat
    • Dusky auriculars
  111. SUTA
    • Long thick bill
    • F: Yellow-green
    • Dark olive-brown wings
    • M: Completely red
    • Slight crest
  112. WETA
    • Yellow over white wingbars
    • F: Gray back
    • Short orangish bill
    • M: Yellow with black wings
    • Red head
    • Darker bill
  113. SCTA
    • Shortish gray bill
    • F: Green back
    • Yellow-green below
    • Darkish wings
    • M: Alt red with black wings
    • Basic like F with black wings
  114. RBGR vs BHGR
    • M: Pale bill v bicolor gray
    • White v brown belly & rump
    • F/J: Coarse breast streaks
    • FFM like BHGR F
    • Buffy v yellow underwing
  115. INBU v LAZB
    • Warmer tones
    • F with faint streaks below
    • No wingbars
    • Contrasting white throat
  116. PABU
    • F & juv M green above
    • Yellowish below
    • Ad M: blue head red body
    • Green back, dark wings
  117. DICK
    • Short & stocky like HOSP
    • Longish pale gray bill
    • Long white-yellow eyestripe
    • Gray nape
    • Yellowish breast
    • Bold back stripes
    • Alt M: Rufous shoulders
    • Black neck V
  118. BRSP
    • Small sparrow
    • Very small pinkish bill
    • Dull gray-brown overall
    • Weak facial marks
    • Grayish auricular (CCSP brown)
    • Thin complete eyering
    • Indistinct crown stripe
    • Faint nape streaks
    • Juv streaked below
  119. CCSP v CHSP
    • Bold buffy eyeline
    • Distinct white malar & chin
    • Clean gray nape
    • Clean buffy below
    • Pale lores
    • Brown rump
    • CHSP larger, larger billed
    • Weaker throat marks
    • Gray rump
  120. VESP
    • White eyering
    • Dark, pale centered auricular
    • Rufous shoulder patch
    • (usually hidden)
  121. LARB
    • Large head
    • Large bluish bill
    • Thick lat throat stripe
    • Messy streaks below
    • White greater coverts
  122. DEJU pink sided
    • Pale gray hood
    • Dark lores
    • Pinkish flanks
    • Dull brown back
  123. CRMU v XAMU
    • Darker above
    • Longer shoulder patch
    • Grayish underwing
    • Black chin
  124. ANMU
    • White neck notch
    • Gray back
    • White underwing
    • Gray flanks & axillaries
    • Small pale bill
  125. MAMU v ANMU
    • Black shoulder patch
    • White scapulars
    • White on rump sides
    • Dark underwing
    • Slender dark bill
    • Like XAMU but:
    • White cheek wraps neck
    • White scapular patch
  126. MCLO
    • Stocky, short tail
    • Large head
    • Plain face
    • Broad supercilium
    • Large pinkish bill
    • Rufous median coverts
    • FFF: Unstreaked breastband
  127. CCLO
    • Small with small gray bill
    • Dark auricular rim
    • Dark median coverts
    • FFF: Blurry breast streaks
    • M alt: Chestnut collar
  128. LALO
    • Long wings, stout pink bill
    • Dark auricular rim
    • Bold supercilium
    • Rufous greater coverts
    • Broad flank streaks
    • M alt: Dark breastband
    • FFF: Buffy breastband
  129. SMLO
    • Like LALO but:
    • Buffy below
    • Longer tail
    • Thinner bill
    • Greater coverts brown
  130. SNBU
    • Black & buffy back
    • Buffy cheek patch
    • Large white wing patch
    • Black wingtips
    • White below
    • Buffy shoulder notch/band
    • Small bill
  131. BOBO
    • Yellow-buff overall
    • Bold back stripes
    • Plain nape
    • Thin flank streaks
    • Dark cap
    • Pink bill
  132. BROC
    • Red eye distinctive
    • Ad M: Blk body, blue wings
    • Ad F: Dull gray w/ dark wings
    • Juv: Like F but brown eye
  133. BRBL
    • Ad M: Glossy, white iris
    • F/Juv: Gray-brown, drk eye
  134. RUBL
    • M & F alt: Dark eye patch
    • Pale yellow iris
    • Buffy rufous pattern
    • Rufous edged tertials
    • RUBL v BRBL
    • Shorter tail, thinner bill
    • Slightly decurved bill
  135. COGR
    • Smallest grackle
    • Variegated iridescence
    • Pale eye
    • Bluish head
  136. BUOR
    • Long straight bill
    • M: Black tail tip
    • Large white wingbar
    • F: Pale belly, gray back
    • Yellow brightest on cheek
  137. BAOR
    • Like BUOR but smaller
    • F: Yellow brightest on breast
    • M: Black hood
    • Rust & white wingbars
    • Orange tail corners
    • Straight medium length bill
  138. HOOR
    • Lanky
    • Long decurved bill
    • Long tail
    • F: Gray back, yellow belly
    • Pale edged coverts
    • M: Pale edges on back ff
  139. OROR
    • Like HOOR but smaller
    • Short straight bill
    • F: Brighter wingbars
    • M: Chestnut body
    • Black back & hood
  140. SCOR
    • Large
    • Pointy decurved bill
    • M: Black head & breast
    • Black tail w/ yellow base
    • F: Gray mottled back
    • Bright white wingbars
  141. NOWA vs LOWA
    • Yellower bellow
    • Streaks extend to chin
    • Eyeline narrows caudally

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