Chapter 7-11 Test

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  1. Problem with the British
    • The population was rual
    • Colonials were fighting on own ground
    • British had to conquer a large territory
    • War lasted 7 years thus Bristish suport declined.
  2. Patriots
    • 40% of colonist
    • Wanted to break from Britian control
    • Relized they needed army (Continental Army, Led by George Washington)
  3. Loyalist
    • 20% of Colonist
    • wanted to remain loyal to the british society
    • Dependant on british for their slaeries.
  4. Battle of Saratoga
    • Took place in New York
    • Between British and Colonist
    • Colonist won
    • Recognition from Europeans
  5. French Reluctance to Enter War
    • French had colonies of their own
    • Didn't want Colonist to get any ideas and revolt
  6. Native Americans and the War
    When it came down to it, they would side with the British.
  7. War in South- Pacification Policy
    • British would take over territories from the Patriots
    • Then give those territories to Loyalist to govern
    • Process would then repeate
  8. Treaty of Paris (1783)
    • America:
    • Americans got independence
    • All British troops removed from American soil
    • American got land East of the Mississippi River
    • British:
    • Canada is kept by British
    • Americans couldnt interfer with collection of British debt
    • Had to repay debt for tea act
  9. Second Continental Congress
    The governing body of the Patriots
  10. Article of Confederation
    • Created legislative body
    • Each state got one vote
    • Could:
    • Authority over foreign relations
    • Control military matters
    • Indian Disputes
    • Could Not:
    • Tax
    • Had no contol on western land
  11. Articles of Confederation
    • Successes
    • Created a system for the admission of new states
    • Won the war and made the peace
    • Stated the beginning of a national bureaucracy
    • Failures
    • Foreign trade-Different state import taxes (Led to competition between states)
    • Regulation of interstate commerce
    • State debt (Some Large, Some Small)
    • Lack of uniform currency
    • Central government could no raise tasxes
    • No executive or judicial branch of government
    • Single house legislature (Unicameral)
    • Common Defense (Army and Navy)
  12. North West Ordinance
    Created a system of allowing new states into the Union
  13. Primogeniture and Entail
    • Series of British laws that Americans got Rid of
    • 1st son gets fathers estate
    • estate wouldnt be broken up
  14. Shay's Rebellion
    • Led by Daniel Shay
    • Revolt agains high taxes
    • Reason for the beggining of the constitution
  15. Constitutional Convention
    • Beginning stages of the writing of the consitution
    • Madison's Virginia Plan
    • Created by James Madision
    • Three Systems of Government
    • (Judicial Executive Legislated)
    • Bicameral Legislature
    • House of Representatives
    • Elected by people
    • Basled on State Poulation
    • Senate
    • Elected From House of Rep
    • Based on State Pop
    • New Jersey Plan
    • Proposed by William Paterson
    • Unicameral Legislature
    • Congress
    • Equal Representation among the states
  16. The Great Compromise
    • Created a bicameral legislature
    • Legislative Branch
    • House of representive
    • Based on State population
    • Elected by People
    • Senate
    • Equal among states
    • Elected by state Legislatures

  17. Escape Slaves
    Northern have to give back slaves that escape from the south
  18. Slave Trade
    Agreed to have slave trade for 20 years after the constitution was ratified
  19. 3/5 Rule
    • 3/5 of slaves were counted for population
    • 60 % of population were slaves
  20. Checks and Balances
    • Three branches of government (Legislatives, Executive, Judicial)
    • Legislatives : House of Rep & Senate
    • Senate approves justices
    • Overide veto 2/3 vote
    • Executive : President
    • Appoints Justices
    • Veto Legislation
    • Judicial : Supreme Court
    • Declare Executive orders unconstitutional
    • Declare Laws Unconstitutional
  21. Federalist & Antifederalist
    • Federalist:
    • Wanted to ratify the Constitution
    • Antifederalist:
    • Did not support the ratification of the constitution
  22. Federalist Papers
    • Written by John Jay, Alexander Hamelton, James Madison
    • Series of Essays supporting the ratification of the constitution
  23. Bill of Rights
    First ten amendments
  24. Hamilton's Economic Plan
    • Establish a Protective Tariff
    • Assumption
    • Bank of the United States
  25. Jefferson's and Hamilton's Political & Economic Ideologies
    • Jefferson
    • Strict contructionist
    • American's ecconomic bast should be in agriculture
    • Hamilton
    • Belived in states rights
  26. Jay's Treaty
    • Washington sends John Jay (Cheif Justice) to Britian to create a treaty
    • Jay gives British everything that they want
    • British gives america Minor Trading rights and take troops out of america.
  27. Alien & Sedition Acts
    • A series of laws
    • legal rights to change years to become a citizen from 7 to 14
    • Made it a crime to publish "False, scandalous, and Malicious" writtings agains the government or its officials
  28. Population Growth in 1800
    • Growing Rapidly Doubling every 20 years
    • 7 Children in the average household
    • Farmers
  29. Migration
    • 50% of every household move every year (WEST)
    • Cities are doubling every years
    • Interior cities are opening up on the rivers (ohio, Mississippi)
  30. Trade
    • Americans were extremely ambicious , optimism
    • Occuring everywhere
    • With Europe
  31. Jefferson's Actions as President
    • Repeals Aliens and Sedition acts
    • Cuts taxes, size of goverment, debt, military
    • changes amount to be a citizen from 14 back to 7 years
  32. Sally Hemming
    • Slave he elegedly had children with.
    • half sister in law
  33. Louisiana Purchase
    • Purchased from the French
    • Doubles the United States in size
  34. Louis and Clark
    • Wanted to explor territory and map it
    • Make contact with the Natives
    • Scientific Expedition/Samples
    • ...Also wanted to find the NorthWest Passage
  35. Embargo Act
    • Stops all trade between Unite3d states, British and France
    • Impacts Economy greatly (Bad)
    • Congress ends embargo act on the last day of Jefferson's term
  36. Virginia Dynasty
    Jefferson, Madison, Monroe
  37. War of 1812
    • Trade Tensions:
    • British were interfearing with American Trade
    • Impressment:
    • Capturing American Sailors
    • British Support of Western Indians:
    • American expansion:
    • Wanted land in the west, resented British for moving West as well
  38. Treaty of Ghent
    • Treaty that ended the war of 1812
    • Between British & Americans
    • Resolved none of the issues that began the war, just an agreement.
  39. Battle Of New Orleans
    • Great Victory for the U.S.
    • Led By Jackson
    • French Realized US actually had a chance in the war
  40. Unity and Divisiveness
    Conadians and Americans felt comfort towards eachother
  41. Era of Good Feeling
    • Monroe Adopted federalist policies
    • Era of cooperation between federals and republicans
  42. Monroe Doctrine
    • Created by Monroe
    • United states wanted to keep Europeans out of the Western Hemeshere
    • States that any efforts of other nations communicating with the new world.
  43. Industirial Revolution
    • Man Power
    • Wind Power
    • Water Power
  44. Missouri Compromise
    • Missouri Wants to come into the Union as a Slave State
    • Northern Says "No"
    • Maine Comes int as a free state so that Missouri can come in
    • 36 by 30 line: Slaves cannot come North of that line
  45. Eli Whitney and the Cotton Gin
    • Created by Eli Witney
    • Increased producton of cotton
  46. Spread of the Plantation Economy
    Cotton Gin
  47. Second Middle Passage
    Slaves shipped from the East Coast
  48. Field Saves and House Slaves
    • Field Slaves:
    • Harsh Terms
    • House Slaves:
    • had to deal with the masters directly
    • lived under less harsh circumstances
  49. Slave Families
    • Monogomous
    • Equal power between husband and wife
    • Long term
  50. Nat Turner Rebellion
    • Slave rebellion
    • Killed over 50 White Slave owners
  51. White Southern Society
    • Wealthy:
    • Self-made
    • Started from beining and rose up
    • Plantation owner
    • Middle Class:
    • White Farmers who own land
    • Poor Whites:
    • Compete with slaves for later and working jobs
  52. Industrialization and Urbanization
    The South resist introducing Eurban Society
  53. Military Career
    • Destruction of the Creeks
    • Jackson Fought agains the Creek Tribe
    • Battle of Horseshoe Bank
    • Jackson Victory
    • Takes 23 million Acres of Land
    • Battle of New Orleans
    • Jackson puts a force together of 3500 Troops
    • Defends New Orlands agains the Brittis
    • Jackson Victory
    • Capture of Florida
    • Jackson Stops the Indian Raids (Sennimal Tribe)
  54. Election of 1824 (Corrupt Bargain)
    • Jackson Decided to run for President
    • 3 Main Canadates:
    • Andrew Jackson
    • Henry Clay-Speaker of house of rep
    • John Quincy Adams-John Adams Son
    • Nobody wins the popular votes
    • Election gets sent to House of Rep
    • There a deal is struck, and Henry Clay puts his votes behind John Quincy Adams and adams becomes president.
    • In return, Clay becomes Secretary of State
  55. Election of 1828- Universal Manhood Suffering
    • States start removing property requirement to vote
    • Start choosing their Electors by Popular vote
    • Jackson victory-Wins Election
  56. The "American System"
    • West
    • Henry Clay, Major Leader in the west
    • Wanted a National Bank
    • Wanted High Protective Tarriff
    • Wanted to remove Native Americans
    • South
    • lead by John C Calhoun
    • Wanted Indian Removal
    • Wanted low Protective Tarrif
    • Hesitant for a bank
    • North
    • Lead by Daniel Webster
    • Wante a national Bank
    • Protective Tarriff- High
    • Indian Removal-Important
  57. U.S Sectional Interest
    • North
    • West
    • South
  58. Nullification Crisis
    • If a state didnt like a law that the federal governemt passed, the state could ignore it.
    • Congress Passes a High Tarriff
    • South Carolina Threatened to leave the union if tarriff wasnt lowered
    • Jackson Lowered the tarriff and SC Backs Down
  59. Removal of Native Americans
    Trail of Tears
    • Native americans should adopt ways of whites
    • If Natives didnt want to be similar to white society they should go west
    • 5 Main Tribes
    • Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek Seminole, Cherokee
    • Jackson got congress to pass Indian Removal Act of 1830
    • Trail of Tears
    • 5 tribes are moved west
    • Cherokees were moved west
    • could only take take what they could carry with them
    • They were taken off their lands in the summer, but they werent moved until the fall
    • Didnt complete the move until dec
    • 4000 Cherokees died
  60. The Bank War
  61. Jackson's Pet Banks
  62. Specie Circular
  63. Panic of 1837
  64. Second American Party System
    • Democrats
    • Whigs
    • Election of 1840
Card Set:
Chapter 7-11 Test
2011-11-02 04:59:56

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