Eating Disorders

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Eating Disorders
2011-10-31 01:36:36
eating disorders bulimia anorexia

Eating Disorders
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  1. Eating Disorders
    *females 90% or higher
    *white, higher social status
    *high body count - medical complications due to disorder (electrolyte imbalances, heart problems)
    (irreconcilable damage - when disorder is managed, the body doesn't recover)
  2. Anorexia - RID
    --refusal to maintain a normal body weight
    --intense fear of gaining weight
    (more so than attempting to lose weight)
    --disturbance in how they see their body
    (see themselves as too big)
    --women only (amenorrhea) - 3 mos. no menstruation
    (need certain body fat ratio to menstruate)
    NOT SYMPTOM but seen alot:
    --obsession with food (won't it but like ot have it around - food is everywhere around them)

    2 types:
    Restrictive - dieting, fasting, excessive exercise, low cal stuff
    Binge/purge - eat small portions but more than they normally do, then purge

    mid-late adolescence
  3. Bulimia (hungry like an ox)
    --Binge and compensatory behavior
    Binge - eating large amt. in one sitting
    (extreme amount, junk food)
    --loss of control to stop eating
    --can't control - have shame
    (anorexics have pride instead)
    --know it's wrong - want to stop
    --experiences pleasure and excitement during binge
    Compensatory behavior - purging or non-purging
    --Purging - completely empty til no more
    (vomit, diuretic, laxatives, enemas)
    --Non-purging (fasting, huge amts of food then not)
    (excessive exercise - 3 to 4 hours a day)

    Self-evaluation - unduly influenced by body shape and weight
    Must have - binge/purge 2 times a wk. for 3 mos.
    --money is an issue
    --work can affect

    Medical complications (electrolyte imbalance, cardiac arythmia and arrest)
    Specific to bulimia - dentist
    (back of teeth shows more damage, due to vomit)
    (swollen salivary glands)

    Bulimics are NOT successful at losing weight - many times overweight
    Compensatory behavior really has no effect

    --90% female
    --late adolescent and adulthood
    --much more prevalent than anorexia
    (easy to eat too much, harder to starve self)
  4. Binge-eating Disorder
    --individual does binge, but they lack the compensatory behavior
    --eat alot but not making up for it (gain lots of weight)
    --reaction to stress possibly
    --may feel guilty and out of control but do nothing about it
    --more stress will cause binge to be larger
    (decrease levels of stress or develop coping or relaxation skills to cope better)

    Eating Disorders NOS
    --will not meet for one of the others but close
    (all symptoms of anorexia but now <85 yet
    (bulimic but not often enough)
    --sometimes a mixture of both disorders so can't be completely specific (anorexia usually wins)