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State the six areas of naval doctrine.
- 1. Naval Warfare, describes the inherent nature and enduring principles of naval forces.
- 2. Naval Intelligence, points the way for intelligence support in meeting the requirements of both regional conflicts and operations other than war.
- 3. Naval Operations, develops doctrine to reaffirm the foundation of U.S. Navy and Marine Corps expeditionary maritime traditions.
- 4. Naval Logistics, addresses the full range of logistical capabilities that are essential in the support of naval forces.
- 5. Naval Planning, examines force planning and the relationship between our capabilities and operational planning in the joint and multinational environment.
- 6. Naval Command and Control, provides the basic concepts to fulfill the information needs of commanders, forces, and weapon systems.
Discuss how naval aviation supports the following warfare area Reconnaissance/surveillance
Reconnaissance and surveillance includes the search for and interception, recording, and analysis of radiated electromagnetic energy, used in support of military operations and tasks. Certain select commands serve as elements of the Worldwide Airborne Command Post System and provide relay services.
Discuss how naval aviation supports the following warfare area: Antisubmarine
Used to locate and destroy submarines.
Discuss how naval aviation supports the following warfare area: Amphibious Assault
An amphibious assault involves the taking of an area of land where the land and sea meet. This may include the landing of troops and equipment. Aircraft provide bombardment by missiles, bombs, and other ordnance. Helicopters may be employed to transport troops and their equipment to be moved from the ship to the shore.
Discuss how naval aviation supports the following warfare area: Logistics Support
Involves the transport of troops, personnel, and cargo or equipment where needed by the military.
Discuss how naval aviation supports the following warfare area: Search and Rescue
Naval aircraft and helicopters may be assigned to search and rescue of downed, stranded, or disabled military personnel either by land or sea. They provide search data and surveillance of an area where the rescue is to take place. Helicopters or aircraft may provide the actual rescue actions required once the member in need is identified. These may include rescue by a rescue swimmer, litter rescue, helicopter hoist, etc.
Discuss how naval aviation supports the following warfare area: Mine warfare
The use of ships, aircraft, submarines, and helicopters to locate and destroy enemy mines.
What is the NAVY'S birthday
October 13th 1776
State the qualities that characterize the Navy/Marine Corps team as instruments to support national policies.
These qualities are readiness, flexibility, self-sustainability, and mobility. They permit naval forces to be expeditionary - that is, being able to establish and maintain a forward-based, stabilizing presence around the world.
State the three levels of war.
There are three levels: tactical, operational, and strategic - each increasingly broader in scope.
Explain how Naval Intelligence Operations, more than any other service, support peace time operational decision making.
Intelligence is central to the decision-making process. Proliferation of technology increases the complexity of joint battlespace information management, and compresses the time cycle for decision-making.
State the mission of Naval Logistics.
Sustained naval and joint operations are made possible by a logistic support system that has two major components: fleet-based sustainment assets and strategic sustainment assets. Fleet-based sustainment assets include replenishment ships of the combat logistics force providing direct fleet support, combat service support units, mobile repair facilities, and advanced logistic support hubs. Strategic sustainment is provided by air and sea assets that are shared by all Services
State the importance of planning to Naval Operations.
When military action is one of the potential responses to a situation threatening U.S. interests, a plan is prepared using either the joint deliberate-planning process or crisis-action procedures. Although military flexibility demands a capability to conduct short-notice crisis planning when necessary, U.S. military strength is best enhanced by deliberate peacetime analysis, planning, and exercises
Discuss the importance of the following conflicts as they relate to naval aviation: Coral Sea
7-8 May 1942: Thanks to the breaking of the Japanese Navy code, the U.S. was alerted to a large Japanese force moving to the Coral Sea to seize Port Moresby on the southwest coast of New Guinea. It was to be the first step of a planned invasion of Australia. The Japanese operation centered around three aircraft carriers and dozens of troop transports, but the Americans met them with two carriers of their own. On May 7, the Japanese planes sank two minor ships, while U.S. planes sank an isolated enemy carrier. The next day, both sides launched all their planes against the other. The aircraft passed each other unseen in the clouds, in the world's first carrier verses carrier battle. One Japanese carrier was damaged. The U.S. carrier Lexington was sunk, and the carrier Yorktown was damaged. After this action, both sides withdrew. Although a tactical victory, Coral Sea was a strategic set-back for the Japanese who never again threatened Australia.
Discuss the importance of the following conflicts as they relate to naval aviation: Midway
3-5 June 1942: Midway was the turning point of the Pacific war. The U.S. breaking of the Japanese naval code was again the key element as it had been at Coral Sea a month earlier. A huge Japanese armada of 160 warships was involved, but commander-in-chief Admiral Yamamoto split his force, sending some ships north to the Aleutian Islands in a diversionary attack. The Japanese retained superior numbers approaching Midway which included 4 aircraft carriers and 11 battleships. At Midway the U.S. had 3 carriers and no battleships. The Americans knew what was coming because of the broken codes, and Admiral Nimitz positioned his 3 carriers, the Hornet, Enterprise, and Yorktown, out of Japanese reconnaissance range. As the Japanese carriers launched their planes to assault the Midway defenses, the U.S. planes headed for the enemy carriers. It took attack after attack, but finally the U.S. crews got through and sank 3 Japanese carriers. The next day the fourth carrier was sunk. Japanese planes sank the Yorktown. In one day Japan lost its bid for control of the Pacific.
Discuss the importance of the following conflicts as they relate to naval aviation: Guadalcanal
13-15 November 1942: After three days of bitter fighting, the Japanese naval forces retreated and U.S. Marines were able to secure the island of Guadalcanal. The Japanese lost 2 cruisers and 6 destroyers. The U.S.S. Juneau was involved in the battle. Navy policy was to place members of the same family on different ships, but the five Sullivan brothers,from Waterloo, Iowa, insisted on staying together. An exception was made and they all became crewmen onboard the Juneau. The Juneau was damaged during the battle in a close-range night encounter. As it limped off for repairs, it was torpedoed. The Sullivans along with 700 others were lost. Because of this tragedy, Navy policy concerning family member separations was reinstated. A ship was later named in their honor. With the fall of the island, the southern Solomons came under Allied control and Australia was in less danger of attack.
Discuss the significance of 8 May 1911, as it applies to naval aviation.
Captain W. I. Chambers prepared requisitions for two Glenn Curtiss biplanes. One, the Triad, was to be equipped for arising from or alighting on land or water; with a metal tipped propeller designed for a speed of at least 45 miles per hour; with provisions for carrying a passenger alongside the pilot; and with controls that could be operated by either the pilot or the passenger. The machine thus described, later became the Navy's first airplane, the A-1. Although these requisitions lacked the signature of the Chief of the Bureau of Navigation, necessary to direct the General Storekeeper to enter into a contract with the Curtiss Company, they did indicate Captain Chambers' decision as to which airplanes the Navy should purchase. The planes were purchased for $5,500 each. From this, May 8 has come to be considered the date upon which the Navy ordered its first airplane and has been officially proclaimed to be the birthday of naval aviation.
State the name of the first aircraft carrier.
20 March 1922: U.S.S. Langley.
What was the first jet powered naval aircraft?
- 10 March 1948, FJ-1 Fury.
- The Navy jet made its first carrier landing on the USS Boxer (CV 21).
Who was the first naval aviator in space?
- 5 May 1961: Alan Shepard
- Flew a 15-minute suborbital flight onboard the Mercury capsule, Freedom 7.