HA 261 Bauhaus/De Stijl

Card Set Information

Author:
a_m_pericich
ID:
113445
Filename:
HA 261 Bauhaus/De Stijl
Updated:
2011-10-31 15:55:35
Tags:
modern art history
Folders:

Description:
week 7 cards that I missed
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user a_m_pericich on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


    • Hannah Höch
    • Cut with the KitchenKnife Dada Through the Last Weimar Beet Belly Culture Epoch of Germany
    • 1919
    • photomontage
    • meaning is meaningless - multiple interpretations
    • challenge the idea of fine arts
    • no narrative element
    • criticizes status quo
    • 1. New social roles of women in Weimar Republic
    • 2. Growth of print medium - i.e. photos in magazines
    • mixes photos of Lenin, Marx, and Dada artists
    • Piet Mondrian
    • Composition withYellow, Red, and Blue
    • 1930
    • primary colors - purest colors with black/white
    • abstract, 2D, flat
    • about Balance - weight is even between left/right and top/bottom
    • dynamic equillibrium = essence of universal beauty
    • opposite reaction to WWI from Dada - wanted to make harmony out of mess
    • Rietveld, Schröder House (Interiorand Exterior), 1924-25, Utrecht
    • de Stijl
    • different size planes, rectangles/squares, colors
    • reduction of colors/planes to hit universality
    • natural light - large corner window
    • cantillevered roof - juts out past structure
    • house as a whole, all objects working together
    • no need for more decor because the house itself is a work of art
    • partition up space by sliding walls - multifunctional
    • Rietveld
    • Red and Blue Chair
    • 1917
    • de Stijl
    • functional de Stijl sculpture
    • universality, mass produced
    • skeletal frame discloses structure that makes it
    • light weight - therefore moveable
    • rejects idea of highly crafted/ornate
  1. 
    • Gropius
    • Workshop Wing Bauhaus
    • 1925-26
    • Dessau
    • materials/structure not hidden
    • appreciate industrial aesthetic
    • windows let in fresh air and light
    • 1. Emphasize volume over mass - large space made out of light glass/concrete
    • 2. uses regularity but not symmetry
    • 3. rejects extra decoration *Less is More.*
    • effective organizational design
    • Breuer
    • Armchair, Model B3
    • 1927
    • product design - functional objects
    • design = simple, machine made, easy to move
    • 1st tubular steel chair
    • practical + beautiful
    • Moholy-Nagy
    • Light-Space Modulator
    • 1930
    • kinetic sculpture (moving parts)
    • designed and photographed
    • created for performances
    • multiple mediums to reflect light
    • geometric complexity
    • dynamic possibility
    • green, yellow, blue light
    • colors/shadows move and change
  2. Photomontage
    • typle of collage
    • pasting many parts of different photos into one; entirely FOUND details, especially magazines
    • supposed to have illogical composition
    • no way to read image in a literal manner
  3. De Stijl
    • self-identified group
    • Netherlands
    • utopian ideals about world and art
    • Theo van Doesburg + Piet Mondrian founded group
    • time of balance: individual + universal
    • total integration of art and life
    • embrace geometric abstraction - avoid emotional content and narrative because art should be universal
    • a scientifically based language of senses
    • reduce artistic vocabulary
    • Beauty can be
    • 1. Sensual/subjective (individual based on emotion)
    • 2. Higher, rational objective (universal, eternal, unchanging)
  4. Bauhaus
    • universal "international style" rather than nationalistic
    • common theme: attempt to use modernism for social reform
    • school created by Walter Gropius in 1919
    • workshops instead of studios; medieval guild concept - learn all fields
    • Artist, craftsman, architect were all seen as equal!
    • learn by doing, develop a basic skill set
    • geometric style; reduction, symplification
    • mass production
    • functional aesthetic

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview