Biology Lecture 15

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Biology Lecture 15
2011-10-31 16:34:22

Note card about animals adaptations for biology lecture 15
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  1. What are 4 key features of the animal body?
    • symmetry of the body
    • structure of the body
    • segmentation of the body
    • external appendages
  2. What is symetry?
    The overall shape of the animal
  3. What does symetry shape allow?
    division by at least one plane into similar halves
  4. in echinoderms larvae have bilateral simetry while adults have...?
    pentaradial symmetry
  5. What are the 3 main structures of the body cavity?
    • Acoelomate
    • pseudocoelomate
    • coelomate
  6. what does the acoelomate body cavity structure have?
    No body cavity
  7. what does the pseudocoelomate body cavity structure have?
    The internal organs float within the body cavity
  8. what does the coelomate body cavity structure have?
    Internal organd and coelom are lined with mesoderm tissue
  9. What is the importance of segmentation? (4 things)
    • Allows animals to alter body shape
    • More precise control of movement
    • Not always apparent externally
    • Segmentation may vary in different regions of the body
  10. name 3 different appendages and what they do
    • Legs - increase precision and efficiency in mobility
    • Antennae - sensory apendages
    • Cilia - steering in ocean currents
  11. Name and animal which evolved and lost the apendages?
    Skink (lizard with legs) to a legless lizard
  12. Name different eating habits to do with mobility and what they are.
    • Motile animals - move to find food
    • Sessile animals - capture food by filter feeding or via endosymbionts
  13. What are filter feeders?
    • Small organisms and molecules move through water column and air
    • Animals collet these resources via filtering either passively or actively
  14. What are predators?
    • Eat living animals or animal tissue
    • Generally prey are smaller in body size than predators but not always
  15. What are pathogens?
  16. What are parasites?
    An organism that lives in or on another organism (its host) and benefits by deriving nutrients at the host's expense.
  17. What are parasitoids?
    An insect (e.g., the ichneumon wasp) whose larvae live as parasites that eventually kill their hosts (typically other insects)
  18. What are detritivores? Give examples of what they eat
    • They eat dead stuff
    • such as plant material, animals (scavengers) and dung
  19. What are omnivores?
    eat both meat and veggetables
  20. What two stages of the life cycle are specialized for different activities?
    • Larva - immature stage that is dramatically different in form than adult
    • Adult
    • One of these stages is specialized normally for despersal
  21. Which group can marine animals be grouped by?
    Larval form - they serve dispersal functions
  22. Go through the estuarine trematode life cycle
    • - first they go to a snail remove reproductive area and use for next stage
    • - next gets eaten by a fish
    • - goes to the brain and covers it to control behavior
    • - causes abnormal behavior which attracts a bird to eat it
    • - uses the bird to lay eggs
  23. How has the gila monster adapted to arid environments?
    • Thermal biology
    • Water conservation
    • Camouflage