Geography Ch 11

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  1. Carrying capacity
    The blending of western plains dry land in conjuction with the eastern plains more rainy and more humid air during he growing season
  2. What are the major physical geographical factors
    that enhanced the establishment of an agricultural core in North America?
    • Rainfall, length of growing season, relief, and
    • soils allows certain kinds of farming to excel.
  3. Why is the population of the agricultural core predominantly
    of European heritage?
    Its where the settlers came from
  4. Hydroponics
    The growing of plants, especially vegetables, in water containing essential mineral nutrients rather than in soil.
  5. Continental Climate
    The type of climate found in the interior of the major continents in the middle, or temperate, latitudes. Characterized by a great seasonal variation in temperatures, four distinct seasons, and a relatively small annual precipitation.
  6. Average temp in Jan and July
    • Jan 25 degree's F
    • July 76 degree's F
  7. Lacustrine plain
    a nearly level land area that was formed as a lake bed
  8. Karst
    an area possessing surface topagraphy resulting from the underground solution of subsurface limestone or dolomite
  9. Agricultural core soils have two basic groups
    Alfisols form in semiarid to humid areas, typically under a hardwood forest cover.

    mollisols--Mollisols form in semi-arid to semi-humid areas, typically under a grassland
  10. What is Cincinnati's nickname?
  11. fallow
    agricultural land that is plowed or tilled but left unseeded during a growing season. Fallowing is usually done to conserve moisture
  12. silage
    fodder (livestock feed) prepared by storing and fermenting green forage plants in a silo
  13. Metes and bounds
    a system of land survey that defines land parcels according to visible natural landscape features and distance. The resultant field pattern is usually very irregular in shape
  14. township and range
    The rectangular system of land subdivision of much of the agriculturally settled United states west of the appalachians: established by the Land Ordinance of 1785
  15. What has prompted the tremendous increase in soybean production during recent decades?
    • Market demand for soybeans remained greater than supply. It was described as the future miracle food.
    • It also reconditioned the soil in which added more nitrogen to it.
  16. legume
    a plant, such as the soybean, that bears nitrogen fixing bacteria on its roots and thereby increases soil nitrogen content.
  17. When wheat production went down, what did they shift to?
    Cattle and hogs
  18. How have farm ownership patterns changed over the past several decades
    • family farming is on the decline and banks are not too friendly to loaning to farmers like they used to.
    • Some farmers rent or lease additional land rather than purchase it.
    • Some farmers are full tenants, choosing to work for a land owner through different agreements.
    • went from raising wheat to hogs and cattle. They started using new technology like the reaper (1831) and the steel plow (1837).

    Farm size has shifted from smaller to bigger because of technology.
  19. What is the Northwest Territory?
    the land north of the Ohio River and west of Pennsylvania.
Card Set:
Geography Ch 11
2011-10-31 22:30:07

Ch 11 terms
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