Bio 112 Ch 1

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Einstein7
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113505
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Bio 112 Ch 1
Updated:
2011-10-31 20:32:11
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Anatomy Physiology
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Ch 1 Terms
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  1. Tissue
    Group of cells that work together to perform a particular function. 4 types: epithelial, connective, muscle, and nervous
  2. Organs
    2 or more different tissues join together to form body structures.
  3. Organ System
    Consists of related organs with a common function.
  4. Metabolism
    The sum of all the chemical processes that occur in the body.
  5. Catabolism
    The breaking down of complex chemical substances into simpler ones.
  6. Anabolism
    The building up of complex chemical substances from smaller, simpler ones.
  7. Disorder
    Any obnormality of structure and/or function.
  8. Disease
    Specific term for an illness characterized by a recognizable set of signs and symptoms.
  9. Symptoms
    Subjective changes in body functions that are not apparent to an observer.
  10. Signs
    Objective changes that a clinician can observe and measure.
  11. Prone
    When the body is in anatomical position facing down.
  12. Supine
    When the body is in anatomical position facing up.
  13. Cranial
    Skull
  14. Facial
    Face
  15. Cephalic
    Head
  16. Cervical
    Neck
  17. Frontal
    Forehead
  18. Orbital
    Eye
  19. Otic
    Ear
  20. Buccal
    Cheek
  21. Nasal
    Nose
  22. Oral
    Mouth
  23. Mental
    Chin
  24. Sternal
    Breastbone
  25. Axillary
    Armpit
  26. Brachial
    Arm
  27. Antecubital
    Front of elbow
  28. Antebrachial
    Forearm
  29. Carpal
    Wrist
  30. Palmar
    Palm
  31. Digital or Phalangeal
    Fingers
  32. Mammary
    Breast
  33. Umbilical
    Navel
  34. Coxal
    Hip
  35. Inguinal
    Groin
  36. Manual
    Hand
  37. Pubis
    Pubic
  38. Femoral
    Thigh
  39. Patellar
    Anterior surface of knee
  40. Crural
    Leg
  41. Tarsal
    Ankle
  42. Pedal
    Foot
  43. Dorsum
    Top of foot
  44. Plantar
    Sole
  45. Calcaneal
    Heel
  46. Sural
    Calf
  47. Popliteal
    Hollow behind knee
  48. Gluteal
    Buttock
  49. Lumbar
    Loin
  50. Sacral
    Between hips
  51. Dorsal
    Back
  52. Olecranal
    Back of elbow
  53. Vertebral
    Spinal Column
  54. Scapular
    Shoulder Blade
  55. Acromial
    Shoulder
  56. Occipital
    Base of skull
  57. Superior
    Toward the head, or the upper part of a structure
  58. Inferior
    Away from the head, or the lower part of a structure
  59. Anterior
    Nearer to or at the front of the body.
  60. Posterior
    Nearer to or at the back of the body
  61. Medial
    Nearer to the midline
  62. Lateral
    Farther from the midline
  63. Intermediate
    Between two structures
  64. Ipsilateral
    On the same side of the body as another structure
  65. Contralateral
    On the opposite side of the body from another structure.
  66. Proximal
    Nearer to the attachment of a limb to the trunk; nearer to the origination of a structure.
  67. Distal
    Farther from the attachment of a limb to the trunk; Farther from the origination of a structure.
  68. Superficial
    Toward or on the surface of the body.
  69. Deep
    Away from the surface of the body.
  70. Sagittal Plane
    Vertical plane that divides the body or organ into right and left sides.
  71. Midsagittal Plane
    Sagittal Plane that divides the body or organ into equal left and right sides.
  72. Parasagittal Plane
    Sagittal plane that divides the body or organ into unequal left and right sides.
  73. Transverse plane
    Divides the body or organ into front and back portions.
  74. Oblique Plane
    Divides the body or organ at an angle.
  75. Frontal Plane
    Divides the body or organ into front and back portions.
  76. Section
    Cut of the body or one of its organs made along one of the planes
  77. Meninges
    Line the cranial cavity and the vertebral canal.
  78. Pericardial cavity
    A fluid-filled space containing the heart.
  79. Pleural Cavity
    Two fluid-filled spaces, each containing a lung.
  80. Mediastinum
    Central portion of the thoracic cavity.
  81. Diaphragm
    A dome-shaped muscle that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominopelvic cavity.
  82. Serous membrane
    Thin, slippery double-layered membranes that cover the viscera within the thoracic and abdominal cavities and line the walls of the thorax and abdomen.
  83. Pleura
    Serous membrane of the pleural cavities.
  84. Pericardium
    Serous membrane of the pericardial cavity
  85. Peritoneum
    Serous membrane of the abdominal cavity.

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