Antitubulin agents

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Antitubulin agents
2011-10-31 23:29:17
james donaldson usp chemo drugs

no more, please! noooooo
Show Answers:

  1. What drugs are derived from the Madagascar periwinkle (Vinca rose)?
    • Vinblastine
    • Vincristine
    • Vindesine
    • Vinorelbine
  2. How do the vinca derivatives work?
    Induce depolymerization by binding to tubuline and blocking polymerization at the plus end.
  3. True or False. Vinca alkaloids work on the S phase of the cell cycle
    False. They are M-phase specific
  4. Which is more neurotoxic vincristine or vinblastine? more myelosuppressive?
    Vincristine is more neurotoxic but vinblastine is more myelosuppressive.
  5. How must vinca alkaloids be administered?
    IV. also vincristine is caustic so make sure no leakage
  6. What are some mechanisms of resistance for vinca alkaloids?
    • 1) Increased efflux via membrane drug transporters
    • 2) Mutations in tubulin
  7. How do paclitaxel and docetaxel work?
    They both interfere with mitotic spindle and prevent its disassembly back into tubulin.
  8. True or False. Similar to vinca alkaloids Paclitaxel and Docetaxel are M phase specific
  9. How must paclitaxel and docetaxil be administered?
    IV infusion
  10. What can happen after IV infusion of paclitaxel in up to 5% of patients? How do you prevent this?
    • Hypersensitivity reactions
    • Prevented by premedicating with dexamethasone, diphenhydramine and H2 antagonist.
  11. What is abraxane?
    • Its reformulated paclitaxel basically. Contains that and albumin.
    • It decreases risk of hypersensitivity reactions and no predmedication.
    • Also has less myelosuppression