Bio 211

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Author:
ajhugee
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113585
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Bio 211
Updated:
2011-11-01 08:47:25
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Chapter 23- An Introduction to Evolution
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  1. Species
    A group of related organisms that share a distinctive body form or are capable of interbreeding in nature to produce viable and fertile offspring
  2. Population
    All members of a species that live in the same area and have the opportunity to interbreed
  3. Which is the smallest unit that can evolve; species or population?
    Population
  4. Who developed the study of fossils, opposed evolution and advocated catastrophism
    George Cuvier
  5. Who founded taxonomy and binomial nomenclature
    Carolus Linnaeus
  6. Developed a theory similar to Darwin's accept 20 years later
    Alfred Wallace
  7. 1st to state evolutionary change but had the wrong mechanism. Hypothesized that species evolve through use and disuse and through the inheritance of acquired traits.
    Jean-Baptiste de Lamark
  8. First scientist to carry out a thorough study of the living world, developed an early classification system, established the modern concept of a species
    John Ray
  9. This person's view on life was descent with modification
    Charles Darwin
  10. Advocated Uniformitarianism (mechanism of change are constant over time)
    James Hutton and Charles Lyell
  11. Would you describe Charles Darwin as an observational biologist or an experimental biologist?
    Observational
  12. What island and what type of bird did Charles Darwin do much of his research on?
    Finch, Galapagos Islands
  13. Darwin's publication in 1858 was called what? What term didn't he use in the publication?
    • The Origin of Species
    • Evolution
  14. According to Darwin, evolution may occur from generation to generation due to 2 interesting factors. They are?
    • Genetic Variation
    • Natural Selection
  15. What are the observations that support evolution?
    • Fossil record
    • Distribution of related species
    • Selective breeding experiments
    • Comparison of similar anatomical feature
  16. The independent evolution of similar features in different lineages is termed what?
    Convergent evolution
  17. What are the 3 types of Homology?
    • Anatomical
    • Developmental
    • Molecular
  18. The _______ species concept defines a species in terms of it genome sequencing.
    Molecular
  19. Homologous genes that are in different species are termed?
    Orthologs
  20. Two or more homologous genes found within a single species are termed?
    Paralogs
  21. New species arise from pre-existing species by the accumulation of genetic change is termed?
    Vertical evolution
  22. A process in which an organism incorporates genetic material from another organism without being the offspring of that organism is referred to as what?
    Horizontal gene transfer
  23. A hypothesis that has been tested and is well supported by data is known as?
    Scientific theory

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