Endocrine System

Card Set Information

Author:
kafitze
ID:
113645
Filename:
Endocrine System
Updated:
2011-11-01 15:04:25
Tags:
Endocrine System
Folders:

Description:
Endocrine glands
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user kafitze on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Location: Cerebrum of brain
    Junction between CNS and Endocrine System
    Hormones: GHRH, GHIH, CRH, TRH, GnRH,PRH,PIH
    Hypothalumus
  2. Location: Base of the brain
    Size of a pea, 2 lobes(Anterior/Posterior)
    Posterior: Responds to nerve impulse from hypothalumus
    Hormones: Antidiuretic hormone(ADH)
    -Causes retention of body water
    Oxytocin
    -Causes uterine contraction and lactation

    Anterior(Master Gland): Responds to hypothalamic hormones
    Hormones:
    Adrenocorticotropic(ACTH)-Adrenal cortexes
    Thyroid(TSH)-targets thyroid
    Follicle(FSH)- gonads/sex organs
    Luteinizing(LH)- gonads
    Prolactin(PRL)-mammary glands(women)
    Growth Hormone(GH)- targets all body cells
    Pituitary Gland
  3. Location: neck(anterior, just below larynx)
    2 lobes(on on each side of midline)
    Hormones:
    Thyroxine(T4)- stimulates cell metabolism
    Triiodothyronine(T3) -stimulates cell metabolism
    Calcitonin- lowers blood calcium levels
    Thyroid Gland
  4. Location: neck
    very small(diameter max 5mm/35-40 mg (wt)
    Hormones:
    Parathyroid(PTH)-increases blood calcium levels
    Parathyroid Glands
  5. Location: behind the sternum
    Immune system development in children
    Hormone:
    Thymosin-promotes maturation of T lymphocytes
    Thymus Gland
  6. Location: Behind the stomach between the duodenum and spleen
    Hormones:
    Glucagon- increases blood glucose
    Insulin- decreases blood glucose
    Information:
    Islets of Langerhans(endocrine tissue)
    Alpha cells(25%, glucagon secretion)
    Beta cells(60%, insulin)
    Delta cells(10%, somatostatin)
    Pancreatic acini(exocrine tissue)
    Pancreas
  7. The breakdown of glycogen to glucose, primarily by liver cells
    Glycogenolysis
  8. converision of protein and fat to form glucose
    Gluconeogenesis
  9. Location: superior surface of kidneys
    Two portions: Adrenal Medulla(Inner):
    secretes epinephrine(adrenalin)/norepinephrine in to the blood stream.

    Adrenal Cortex(Outer):
    secretes three classes of steroidal hormones.

    Glucocoticoids-inhibits inflammatory reactions/immune responses.Respnsible for healing
    Mineralocorticoids-contribute to salt and fluid balance
    Androgenic hormones-
    Adrenal Gland
  10. Location: roof of the thalamus
    Function: Biological clock, mood
    Hormones:
    Melatonin
    Pineal Gland
  11. the hormone glucagon drives an increase in blood glucose
    Glucagon
  12. complex carb that is the primary source for blood glucose produced between meals
    Glycogen
  13. breaks glycogen down into it's component glucose molecules
    Glycogenolysis
  14. new glucose molecules are synthesized for non sugar sources
    Glucomeogensis
  15. inadequate insulin activity(production or cell responsiveness)
    Diabetes Mellitus
  16. "building up" phase of metablolism
    Anabolism
  17. "breaking down" phase of metablolism
    Catabolism
  18. compounds produced during the catabolism of fatty acids, including acetoacetic acid, B-hydroxybutyric acid, and acetone
    Ketone Bodies
  19. the presence of significant quanties of ketone bodies in the blood
    Ketosis
  20. deficiency of blood glucose(insulin shock)
    below 80 mg/dL
    Hypoglycemia
  21. excessive blood glucose
    greater 180 mg/dL
    Hyperglycemia
  22. greatly increased urination and dehydration due to high glucose levels in the blood
    Osmotic Diuresis
  23. formation and secretion of large amounts of urine
    Diuresis
  24. glucose in urine
    Glycosuria
  25. A. excessive urination
    B. excessive thrist
    C. excessive hunger
    • A. Polyuria
    • B. Polyidipsia
    • C. Polyphagia
  26. Kussmauls Respirations(to rid body of excess CO2)
    Body burns fat
    High keytone levels
    Fruity Odor Breath(Acetone)
    Poly Trifecta
    Rapid pulse/low BP
    Diabetic Ketoacidosis(DKA)
  27. Type 2 diabetes complication
    high blood glucose
    severe dehydration
    decreased mental status
    Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar Nonketotic Coma(HHNK)
  28. excessive thyroid hormones resulting in body changes associated with increased metabolism; primary cause of thyrotoxicosis.
    Grave's Disease
  29. Enlargement of thyroid gland
    Goiter
  30. long term exposure to inadequate levels of thyroid hormones. Doughy edematous skin typical of myxedema
    Myxedema
  31. excess adrenocortical hormones. Weight gain,moon face, upper back fat, mood swings
    Cushings Syndrome
  32. deficient adrenocortical activity. Hyperpigmentation
    Addison's disease

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview