Types and functions of stabilizing tissues of the spine?
Joint capsule - resists all extremes ecept extension when the arthokinamtics is only gliding.
Transverse ligament (or cruxiform lig) - prevents postior translation of the dens, which because C1 has no body this prevents it from pushing on the spin.
Ligamentum nuchae - (which becomes the supraspinous ligament in the thoracic and lumbar regions of the spine) - it restrics flexion of the spine
interspinous ligament - thin and membranous, connect adjoining spinous processes and extend from the root to the apex of each process.
Anterior and posterior Atlanto-occipital membranes -
Tectorial membrane of the OA joint which becomes posterior longitudinal ligament - restricts flexion.
Alar ligament of the AA joint - restricts rotation
Interransverse ligament - restricts contralateral side bending.
Anterior longitudinal ligament - restricts extension
Posterior longitudinal ligament - restricts flexion
Ligamentus flavum - restricts flexion
Annulus fibrosus - restrics axial rotation
anterior annulus fibrous - restricts extension
Posterior annulus fibrous - restrics flexion
Left side of the annulus fibrisus - restricts right side bending and vica versa
Cercixal viscera - (esophagus and trachea - restrict extension)