BM spinal muscles

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Author:
wolfgar
ID:
113817
Filename:
BM spinal muscles
Updated:
2011-11-03 20:30:10
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Spinal muscles
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Description:
spinal muscles
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  1. Name the anterior or lateral Cranio-cervical Muscle?
    • Cranio-cervical Muscles - Anterior or Lateral
    • Sternocleidomastoid
    • Scalenes
    • Longus Coli
    • Longus Capitis
    • Rectus Capitis Anterior
    • Rectus Capitis Lateralis
  2. Name the posterior cranio-cervical muscles? and sort them by depth?
    • Posterior
    • Superficial
    • Splenius Cervicis& Capitis
    • Longissimus Cervicis & Capitis
    • Iliocostalis Cervicis
    • Spinalis Cervicis & Capitis

    • Deep
    • Semispinalis Capitis & Cervicis
    • Rectus Capitis Posterior Major
    • Rectus Capitis Posterior Minor
    • Multifidus Cervicis
    • Superior Oblique Capitis
    • Inferior Oblique
  3. What spinal muscle cause Ipsilateral lateral flexion of the neck?
    • Sternocleidomastoid
    • longus capitus
    • longus coli
    • rectus capitus anterior
    • rectus capitus lateralis
    • scalenes middle, posterior , anterior
    • splenius capitis
    • Iliocostalis
    • Longissimus – Cervicis & Capitis
    • Semispinalis Capitis & Cervicis
    • Superior Oblique Capitis
  4. Name the spinal muscles that are contralteral rotators of the neck?
    • SCM
    • multifidus
  5. Name the spinal muscles that cause Ipsilateral flexion of OA joint?and AA joint?
    same two at both joints

    • SCM
    • longus capitus
  6. Spinal Muscles that cause flexion of C2-7?
    • SCM
    • longus coli
    • Scaleenes anterior (bilateral)
  7. Spinal muscles that cause lateral flexion c2-7?
    • Scalenes anterior, middle and posterior
    • Splenius Capitis & Cervicis
    • Iliocostalis - Cervicis
    • Longissimus – Cervicis & Capitis
    • Semispinalis Capitis & Cervicis
    • Rectus capitis posterior major
  8. Spinal muscles that cause extension of neck and were they cause the extension?
    • SCM - bilateral - extension of OA , AA joints
    • Splenius Capitis & Cervicis - bilateral - extension at OA, AA and C2-7
    • Iliocostalis - Cervicis - bilateral - extension of lower C
    • Longissimus – Cervicis & Capitis - bilateral extension at OA , AA, lower cervicle
    • Spinalis – Cervicis & Capitis - bilateral - extension at OA, AA , and lower C
    • Semispinalis Capitis & Cervicis - Bilateral - Extension at: OA, AA , C2 – C7
    • Rectus capitis posterior major - bilateral extension at OA, AA
    • Rectus capitis posterior minor - bilateral extension at OA
    • Inferior Oblique - Bilateral - Extension at: AA
    • Superior Oblique Capitis - Bilateral-contraction - Extension at: OA
    • Multifidus – Cervical - bilateral - extension - spine
  9. What are the actions of all three scalenes?
    • Scalenes
    • Anterior
    • Unilateral - C2 – C7 lateral flexion
    • Bilateral - C2 – C7 flexion

    • Middle
    • Unilateral - C2 – C7 lateral flexion

    • Posterior
    • Unilateral - C2 – C7 lateral flexion
  10. Name all the action of the SCM?
    • Unilateral action
    • Ipsilateral lateral flexion at:
    • OA
    • AA
    • Lower cervical

    • Contralateral rotation at:
    • OA
    • AA
    • Lower cervical

    • Bilateral action
    • OA extension
    • AA extension
    • Lower cervical flexion
  11. Name both Longus muscles and there actions?
    • Longus Capitis
    • Unilateral
    • Ipsilateral lateral flexion at:
    • OA
    • AA

    • Bilateral
    • OA flexion
    • AA flexion

    • Longus Coli
    • Unilateral
    • Ipsilateral lateral flexion at:C2 – C7

    • Bilateral
    • C2 – C7 flexion
  12. Name both rectus muscles and their actions?
    • Rectus Capitis Anterior
    • Bilateral
    • OA flexion

    • Rectus Capitis Lateralis
    • Unilateral
    • OA lateral flexion
  13. Name the actions of Splenius Capitis & Cervicis?
    • Unilateral
    • Lateral flexion at:
    • OA
    • AA
    • Lower cervical

    • Ipsilateral rotation at:
    • OA
    • AA
    • Lower cervical

    • BilateralExtension at
    • OA
    • AA
    • C2 – C7
  14. Name the actions of Iliocostalis - Cervicis?
    • Unilateral
    • Lateral flexion at: Lower cervical

    Ipsilateral rotation at: Lower cervical

    • Bilateral
    • Extension at: Lower cervical
  15. Name the actions of Longissimus – Cervicis & Capitis
    • Unilateral
    • Lateral flexion at: OA AA Lower cervical

    Ipsilateral rotation at :OA AA Lower cervical

    • Bilateral
    • Extension at: OA AA Lower cervical
  16. Name the actions of Spinalis – Cervicis & Capitis?
    Bilateral - Extension at :OA AA Lower cervical
  17. Name the actions of Semispinalis Capitis & Cervicis?
    • Unilateral
    • Lateral flexion at:
    • OA
    • AA
    • Lower cervical

    • Bilateral
    • Extension at:
    • OA
    • AA
    • C2 – C7
  18. Name the two rectus muscle and there actions?
    • Rectus capitis posterior major
    • Unilateral
    • Lateral flexion at: OA AA
    • Ipsilateral rotation at: OA AA

    • Bilateral
    • Extension at :OA AA

    • Rectus capitis posterior minor
    • Bilateral
    • Extension at: OA
  19. Name the actions of the
    • Inferior Oblique
    • Unilateral
    • Ipsilateral rotation at: AA

    • Bilateral
    • Extension at: AA

    • Superior Oblique Capitis
    • Unilateral contraction
    • Lateral flexion at: OA

    • Bilateral contraction
    • Extension at: OA
  20. What are the actions of Multifidus – Cervical?
    • Unilateral
    • Contralateral rotation

    • Bilateral
    • Extension
  21. Name all of the superficial posterior trunk muscles of the upper back?
    • Trapezius
    • Levator scapula
  22. Name the actions of Levator Scapula when the insertion is fixed?
    • Unilateral
    • Lateral flexion at: C2 – C7

    Ipsilateral rotation at: C2 – C7

    • Bilateral
    • Extension at: C2 – C7
  23. Name all of the actions of Trapezius with it insertion fixed?
    • Unilateral
    • Lateral flexion at:
    • OA
    • AA
    • C2 – C7

    • Contralateral rotation at :
    • OA
    • AA
    • C2 – C7

    • Bilateral action
    • Extension at:
    • OA
    • AA
    • C2 – C7
  24. Name all the Posterior trunk muscles?
    Superficial

    • Erector Spinae
    • Spinalis
    • Longissimus
    • Iliocostalis

    • Deep
    • Transversospinal
    • Multifidus
    • Rotatores
    • Semispinalis Capitis & Cervicis

    • Short segmental
    • Intertransversarus
    • Interspinalis
  25. Name the actions of the Erector Spinae muscles – Iliocostalis, Longissimus, Spinalis?
    • Unilateral
    • Ipsilateral lateral flexion

    Ipsilateral rotation

    • Bilateral
    • Extension
  26. Name the actions of the Transversospinal Muscles – Semispinalis Thoracis, Multifidus
    Semispinalis Thoracis - Bilateral Extension

    • Multifidus
    • Unilateral - Contralateral rotation
    • Bilateral - Extension
  27. Name all the Anterior, Anterior-Lateral (abdominals) trunk muscles?
    • Anterior, Anterior-Lateral (abdominals)
    • Rectus Abdominus
    • External Oblique
    • Internal ObliqueTransversus Abdominus

    • Other
    • Quadratus Lumborum
  28. Name the actions of Rectus Abdominus?
    • Closed Chain
    • Unilateral contraction
    • Lateral flexion

    Bilateral contraction - Trunk flexion

    • Open Chain
    • Posterior pelvic tilt
  29. Name the actions of the External Oblique in open and closed chain movements?
    • Closed Chain
    • Unilateral contraction - Contralateral rotation

    Ipsilateral lateral - flexion

    Bilateral contraction - Trunk flexion

    • Open Chain
    • Posterior pelvic tilt
  30. Name the actions of the Internal Oblique in open and closed chain movements?
    • Closed chain
    • Unilateral contraction
    • Ipsilateral rotation
    • Lateral flexion

    • Bilateral contraction -
    • Trunk flexion
    • Stabiliztion of lumbar region

    • Open Chain
    • Posterior pelvic tilt
  31. Name the actions of the Transversus Abdominus?
    Bilateral contraction

    • Compression of abdominal cavity
    • Stabiliztion of lumbar region
  32. Name the open and closed chain actions of Quadratus Lumborum?
    • Closed chain
    • Unilateral contraction
    • Ipsilateral lateral flexion

    • Bilateral contraction
    • Lumbar extension

    • Open Chain
    • Unilateral contraction
    • Ipsilateral hip hiker
  33. Define and name the extrinsic abdominal muscles?
    • Extrinsics -
    • Abdominals
    • Erector spinae
    • Quadratus lumborum
    • Psoas major

    Lower extremity muscles that connect to the pelvis

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