Card Set Information

2011-11-02 03:13:06
Sex Hormones

Reproductive Behaviors
Show Answers:

  1. Steroid hormones
    Hormone that contains 4 carbon rings
  2. Androgens
    Hormones more abundant in males than females for most species
  3. Estrogen
    Class of steroid hormones are more abundant in females than males for most species
  4. Progesterone
    Prepares uterus for implantation of a fertilized ovum and promotes maintenance of pregnancy
  5. Organizing effects
    Long-lasting effect of a hormone that is present during a sensitive period early in development
  6. Activating effects
    Temporary effect of a hormone on behavior or anatomy occuring only when hormone is present
  7. SRY gene
    Sex region Y gene which causes primitive gonads to develop into testes
  8. Wolffian ducts
    Early precursors to male reproductive structures
  9. Mullerian ducts
    Early precursors to female reproductive structures (oviducts, uterus, and upper vagina)
  10. Sensitive period
    Time in early development during which some event (experience or presence of hormone) has a strong & long lasting effect
  11. Alpha-fetoprotein
    Protein that binds with estrogen in the bloodstream of many immature mammals
  12. Follicle-stimulating hormone-FSH
    Anterior pituitary hormone that promotes the growth of follicles in the ovary
  13. Luteinizing hormone
    Anterior pituitary hormone that stimulates the release of an ovum
  14. Periovulatory period
    Time just before and after the release of the ovum when fertility is high
  15. Oxytocin
    Neurotransmitter and hormone released from posterior pituitary important for sexual and parental behaviors
  16. congenital adrenal hyperplasia -CAH
    Over development of the adrenal glands from birth
  17. Androgen insensitivity
    Individuals with XY chromosome have genital appearance of a female