Card Set Information
Psych exam questions
A symptom of disorder in which people perceive voices or other stimuli when there are no stimuli present
Extracting and attenting to only information that confirms danger beliefs
A consistency between the way therapists feel and the way they act towards their clients.
An active treatment designed to help clients get in touch with genuine feelings and disown foreign ones
Among therapists, those whose education includes a completion of masters or doctoral degree in clinical or counselling psychology, often followed by additional special training
Behaviour therapy methods in which a client remains in the presence of strong stimuli unitil the intensity of their emotional reactions decrease
Assertivenesss training & Social skills training
Methods for teaching clients how to interact with others more comfortably and effectively
Drawing erroneous conclusions on the basis of inadequate evidence (e.g. interpretation of noises, facial expressions)
A behavioural treatment for anxiety in which clients visualise a graduated series of anxiety-provoking stimuli while reaminig relaxed.
An exposure technique for reducing anxiety that involves keeping a person in a feared, but harmless situation
Treatments that use classical conditioning principles to change behaviour
Treatments that use operant conditioning methods to change behaviour
Learning based treatment methods that help clients change the way they think, as well as the way they behave
Demonstratig desirable behaviours as a way of teaching them to clients
A method of psychotherapy that seeks to help clients gain insight by recognising and understanding unconcious thoughts and emotions
An active listening method in which a therapist conveys empathy by paraphrasing clients' statements and noting accompanying feelings
Medical doctors who are trained in the treatment of psychological disorders
Treatment of psychological disorders through talking and other psychological methods
Client centered therapy
A therapy that allows the client to decided what to talk about without direction, judgement or interpretation from the therapist.
Unconditional positive regard
A therapist attitude that conveys a caring for, and acceptance od, the client as a valued person
The therapists' attempt to appreciate and understnad how the world looks from the clients' point of view
Symptoms that add to the persons life e.g. disorganised thought, hallucinations and delusions.
Conditions in which a person experiences extreme moods such as depression and mania, especially when their moods are not consistent with the events around them.
Rare conditions that involve sudden and usually temporary disruptions in a person's memory, consciousness or identity.
A dissociative disorder involving sudden loss of memory and the assumption of a new identity in a new locale.
Marked by complaints of sever, often constant pain (typically back, neck, or chest) with no physical cause.
Major depressive disorder
A mood disorder in which a person feels sad and hopeless for weeks or months.
Antisocial personality disorder
A personality disorder involving selfish, impulsive, unscrupulous even criminal behaviour
Symptoms that subtract elements from a person's life- absense of pleasure, lack of speech and flat effect.
Bipolar I disorder
A mood disorder in which a person alternates between deep depression and mania
Long-standing, inflexible ways of behaving that create a variety of problems.
A mood disorder involving a pattern of comparitively mild dpression that lasts at least 2 years.
Disorder in which there are numerous physical complaints without verifiable physical illness
Somatoform disorder involving a strong, unjustified fear of having physical illness.
Somatoform disorder in which a person displays blindness, deafness or other symptoms or motor failure without a physical cause.
Psychological problems in which there are symptoms of a physical disorder without a physical cause.
A dissociative disorder marked by a sudden loss of memory.
Dissociative identity disorder
A person reports to have more than one identity.
An elevated, very active emotional state.
Bipolar II disorder
Major depressive episodes alternate with hypomania
Involves episodes of depression and mania, but the intensity of both moods are less sever than in Bipolar I
An axiety disorder involving strong, irrational fears relating to social situations.
An anxiety disorder involving a strong fear of being alone, or leaving the home.
(GAD) Generalised Anxiety Disorder
A conditio that involves relatively minor but long-lasting anxiety that is not focused on any particular objects or situation
An anxiety disorder involving sudden panic attacks
An anxiety disorder involving strong, irrational fear of an object that does not objectively justify such a reaction
Anxiety disorders involving fear and avoidance of specific stimuli and situations
Viewing psychological disorders as arising when a predisposition for a disorder combines with sufficient amounts of stress to trigger symptoms.
A view of mental disorders as caused by a combination of interacting biological, psychological and socialcultural factors.
A way of looking at mental disorders in relation to gender, afe, ethnicity and other social and cultural factors.
A view in which mental disorders are seen as arising from psychological proceses.
Difficulty in fulfilling appropriate and expected family, social and work-related roles.
Patterns of thinking, feeling and behaving that are maladaptive, disruptive or uncomfortable for those affected or those with whom they come in contact.
A modern name for the 'medical model', in which psychological disorders are seen as reflecting disturbances in the anatomy and chesmitry of the brain and in other biological processes,
A sever and disabling pattern of disturbed thinking, emotion , perception and behaviour
False beliefs, such as those experienced by schizosphrenics or those suffering from extreme depression.
A condition in which intense feelings of apprehension are long-standing and disruptive.
We tend to belive, after learning the outcome, that we would have foreseen it
We tend to think we know more than we do
Beliefs that inaccurately assume a relationship between variables
Behaviour alters the outcome
False consensus effect
Tendency to overestimate the extent to which we share our beliefs and behaviours
More vivis and easily recalled examples bias us to believe these are instances that are mosre likely to occur
Post hoc fallacy
We believe that if one event precedes another, it is probably causally related
A statistical measure of the extent to which factors vary factors vary together, and thus how well either factor predicts the other
Reasons why two set of data correlated
1) because one has a direct causal relationship with the other
2) Because one has an indirect causal relationship with the other
3) because both are the result of another completely different cause, or set of causes.
is concerned with the cause and course of the developmental changes that take place over a persons entire lifetime
Newborn is a blank slate; tabular rasa