Gases Ch 7

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1. Boyl's Law (formula)
P1V1=P2V2
2. Charles' Law (formula)
• V1 / T1 = V2 / T2
3. Gay-Lussac's Law (formula)
P1 / T1 = P2 / T2
4. Combined Gas Law (formula)
P1V1 / T1 = P2V2 / T2
5. Ideal Gas Equation (formula)
PV = nRT
6. Dalton's Law of Partial Pressure (formula)
Ptotal = P1+P2+P3+...
7. Universal Gas Constant (R)
0.082 Liter-atmostphere / mole-Kelvin
8. Boyl's Law (definition)
For a given quantity of gas at a constant temperature, the volume of a gas is inversely proportionate to its pressure
9. Charles' Law (definition)
for a given quantity of gas at a constant pressure, the volume of gas is directly proportional to it's absolute temperature.
10. Gay-Lussac's Law (definition)
For a given quantity of gas at a constant volume, the pressure is directly related to the absolute temperature
11. Dalton's Law of Partial Pressure (definition)
the pressure exterted by an individual gas in a mixture, if it alone occupies the sam volume as the mixture
12. Pressure (formula)
P = force / area
13. atm - mmHg
1 atm = 760 mm Hg
14. atm - Torr
1 atm = 760 Torr
15. atm - psi
1 atm = 14.7 psi
16. atm - Pascals
1 atm = 101,325 Pa
17. Kinetic Theory of Gases
• 1. made of small particles, in straight lines in all directions.
• 2. posess KE. Temp of gas is average KE
• 3. collisions are perfectly elastic
• 4. exert pressure on container due to collisions with walls
• 5. volume of gas is tiny compared to volume occupied
18. STP
Standard temperature and pressure consists of 1.00 atm, 0 degrees Celcius and 22.4L/1 mol of any gas.

Card Set Information

 Author: XQWCat ID: 113966 Filename: Gases Ch 7 Updated: 2011-11-05 18:04:40 Tags: chemistry Folders: Description: Gas laws and conversions Show Answers:

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