Gases Ch 7

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Author:
XQWCat
ID:
113966
Filename:
Gases Ch 7
Updated:
2011-11-05 14:04:40
Tags:
chemistry
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Description:
Gas laws and conversions
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  1. Boyl's Law (formula)
    P1V1=P2V2
  2. Charles' Law (formula)
    • V1 / T1 = V2 / T2
  3. Gay-Lussac's Law (formula)
    P1 / T1 = P2 / T2
  4. Combined Gas Law (formula)
    P1V1 / T1 = P2V2 / T2
  5. Ideal Gas Equation (formula)
    PV = nRT
  6. Dalton's Law of Partial Pressure (formula)
    Ptotal = P1+P2+P3+...
  7. Universal Gas Constant (R)
    0.082 Liter-atmostphere / mole-Kelvin
  8. Boyl's Law (definition)
    For a given quantity of gas at a constant temperature, the volume of a gas is inversely proportionate to its pressure
  9. Charles' Law (definition)
    for a given quantity of gas at a constant pressure, the volume of gas is directly proportional to it's absolute temperature.
  10. Gay-Lussac's Law (definition)
    For a given quantity of gas at a constant volume, the pressure is directly related to the absolute temperature
  11. Dalton's Law of Partial Pressure (definition)
    the pressure exterted by an individual gas in a mixture, if it alone occupies the sam volume as the mixture
  12. Pressure (formula)
    P = force / area
  13. atm - mmHg
    1 atm = 760 mm Hg
  14. atm - Torr
    1 atm = 760 Torr
  15. atm - psi
    1 atm = 14.7 psi
  16. atm - Pascals
    1 atm = 101,325 Pa
  17. Kinetic Theory of Gases
    • 1. made of small particles, in straight lines in all directions.
    • 2. posess KE. Temp of gas is average KE
    • 3. collisions are perfectly elastic
    • 4. exert pressure on container due to collisions with walls
    • 5. volume of gas is tiny compared to volume occupied
  18. STP
    Standard temperature and pressure consists of 1.00 atm, 0 degrees Celcius and 22.4L/1 mol of any gas.

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