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How many milligrams are in a grain?
1 grain = 60 mg (or 65 mg in select instances)

What is the LEAST accurate measurement system?
Household

How many mL in a teaspoon?
1 tsp = 5 mL

How many mL in 1 fluid ounce (fl oz)?
30 mL

How many Tablespoons in a fluid ounce?
2 T = 1 fl oz

How many ounces in a cup?
1 cup = 8 oz

How many cups in a pint?
1 pint = 2 cups

How many cups in a quart?
1 quart = 4 c

How many ounces in a pound?
1 pound = 16 oz

How many kilograms are in a pound?
1 pound = 2.2 kg

How many pounds are in a kilogram?
1 kg = .454 lb

What is the decimal conversion for "micro"?
1 millionth, or 0.000001 (5 zeros)

What is the decimal conversion for "milli"?
One thousandth, or 0.001 (2 zeros)

What is the decmial conversion for "centi"?
One hundredth, or 0.01 (1 zeros)

What is the decimal conversion for "deci"?
One tenth, or 0.1

What is the conversion for "kilo"?
One thousand times base unit

How many centimeters in an inch?
1 inch = 2.54 cm

How many cc in a mL?
1 cc = 1 mL

How many mL in a liter?
1 Liter = 1000 mL

How many ounces in a quart?
1 quart = 32 oz

How do you convert from Farenheit (F) to Celsius (C)?
C = (F32) * 5/9

How do you convert from Celsius (C) to Farenheit(F)?
F = (C x 9/5) + 32

What two common drugs are administered in units?
Insulin and heparin

How many units of insulin in 1 mL?
100 units/mL

What substance is typically administered in milliequivalents (mEq)?
Electrolytes

What must you do FIRST when calculating tablet dosage?
 Convert desired dose & dose of tablets on hand to the SAME UNITS.
 * Note  it's often easier to convert to the SMALLER unit to help get rid of decimal point confusion.

What acceptable abbreviation means "by mouth"?
PO

What acceptable abbreviation means by intranasal?
NAS

Don't use these symbols!
 & use "and"
 @  use "at"
 +  use "and"
 /  use "per"

What's a good guideline for abbreviations?
"When in doubt, write it out"

What abbreviation CAN be used for "hour"?
hr

What abberviation CAN be used for "daily"?
Q day

What abberviation CAN be used for "before meals"?

What abberviation CAN be used for "after meals"?
PC, pc

What abberviation means "as desired"?
ad lib

What abbreviation means twice per day?
bid

What abbreviation means "whenever there is a need"?
prn

What abbreviation means "every morning"?
qAM

What abbreviation means "every hour"?
qh

What abbreviation means "every X hours"?
qXh

What abbreviation means "nothing by mouth"?
NPO

What abbreviation means "give immediately"?
STAT

What abbreviations mean with? without?
 _
 with = c (with a line over it)
 _
 without = s (with a line over it)

What abbreviation means "no known allergies"?
NKA (or NKDA)

What abbreviation means "by rectum"?
pr

What abbreviation means "by vagina"?
vag

What are the six "rights" of med admin?
 1. Right patient
 2. Right medication
 3. Right dose
 4. Right time
 5. Right route
 6. Right documentation

