anatomy mini 3

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Author:
sweetlu
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114015
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anatomy mini 3
Updated:
2011-11-30 07:32:36
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anatomy mini
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anatomy mini 3
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  1. Xipoid process
    - level of T10 vertebra
  2. xiphisternal joint
    • -inferior limit of thoracic cavity
    • - superior limit of the liver
    • - central tendon of the diaphragm
    • - inferior border of the heart
  3. sternum
    level of T5-T9 vertebrae
  4. Pectus Excavatum
    • - sunken sternum
    • - (concave depression of the thoracic wall)
    • - increased IUP on the chest during development
    • - abnormal diaphragm position causing post. retraction
    • - abnormal CT produciton
  5. Pectus Carinatum
    • - pigeon chest
    • - protrusion of sternal angle and costal cartilage
    • - more frequently affects boys
  6. flail chest
    - caused by a double rib fracture that causes paradoxical movement during respiration
  7. thoracic outlet syndrome
    • - compression of structures exiting the thoracic inlet
    • - eg. subclavian a. and v.
    • - caused by cervical ribs, tumor, etc
  8. rib dislocation
    - displacement of the costal cartlige from the sternum
  9. rib seperation
    - displacement of rib from costal cartilage
  10. Thoracoplasty
    • - procedure to decrease thoracic volume (closure of persistant pleural space)
    • - resection or replacement of ribs with an inward convexity device
  11. Ankylosing Spondylitis
    • - Chronic inflammatory disease affecting joints of the axil skeleton
    • - presents mostly with lower back pain
    • - limits spinal range of motion
    • - bilateral sacrolitis
  12. manubrium
    - at level T3 and T4
  13. infrasteranl angle
    • - inferior part of sternal body
    • - location of proper hand position for CPR (compress 2 inches down at 100 compressions per minute)
  14. jugular notch
    - notch of the manubrium at T2 level
  15. thoracocentesis
    • -needle inserted in upward angle at the 9th IC space at the midaxillary line
    • - used for removal of fluid fromt the thoracic cavity
  16. auscultation of the lung
    apex: superior to medial 3rd or clavicle

    superior lobe: 2 ICS

    middle lobe(right lung): 4 ICS

    inferior lobe: 6/7 ICS
  17. superior mediastinum contents
    • A PVT Left BATTLES
    • arch of the azygous, phrenic nerve, vagus, thoracic duct, left recurrent pharyngeal n, brachiocephalic veins, arch of aorta and 3 branches, thymus, trachea, lymph nodes, esophagus, SVC
  18. posterior mediastinum
    • Vegas DATES
    • vagus n., descending aorta, azygous and hemiazygous, thoracis duct, esophagus, splanchnic and sympathetic trunk

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