Psych Ch 7

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Psych Ch 7
2011-11-02 16:45:37

modules 20, 21, 22
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  1. the orcess by which we encode, store, and retrive information
  2. the initial, momentary storage of information lasting only an instant
    sensory memory
  3. memory that holds information for 15-25 seconds
    short-term memory
  4. memory that stores information on a relatively permanent basis, although it may be difficult to retrieve
    long-term memory
  5. a meaningful grouping of stimuli that can be stored as a unit in short-term memory
  6. the repetition of information that has entered short-term memory
  7. a set of interactive, temporary memory stores that actively manipulate and rehurse information
    working memory
  8. memory for factual information: names, faces, dates, and the like
    declarative memory
  9. memory for skills and habits, such as riding a bike or hitting a baseball; sometimes referred to as nondeclarative memory
    procedural memory
  10. memory for general knowledge and facts about the world, as well as memory for the rules of logic that are used to decduce other facts
    semantic memory
  11. memory for events that occur in a particular time, place, or context
    episodic memory
  12. mental representations of clusters of interconnected information
    semantic networks
  13. the inability to recall information that ine realizes one knows- a result of the difficulty retrieving information from long-term memory
    tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon
  14. memory task in which specific information must be retrieved
  15. memory task in which individuals are presented with a stimulus and asked whether they have been exposed to it in the past or to indentify it from a list of alternatives
  16. the theory of memory that emphasizes that degree to which new material is mentally analyzed
    levels-of-processing theory
  17. intentional or conscious recollection of information
    explicit memory
  18. memories of which people are not consciously aware but that can affect subsequent performance and behavior
    implicit memory
  19. a phenomenon in which exposure to a word or concept (called a prime) later makes it easier to recall related information, even when there is no conscious memory of the word or concept
  20. memories centered on a specific important, or surprising even that are so vivid it is as if they represented a snapshot of the event
    flashback memories
  21. processes in which memories are influenced by the meaning we give to events
    constructive processes
  22. organized bodies of information stored in memory that bias the way new information is interpreted, stored, and recalled
  23. our recollection of circumstances and episodes from our own lives
    autobiographical memories
  24. the loss of information in memory through its nonsense
  25. interference in which information learned earlier disrupts the recall of newer material
    proactive interference
  26. interference in which there is difficulty in the recall of information learned earlier because of later exposure to different material
    retroactive interference
  27. an illness characterized in part by severe memory problems
    Alzheimer's disease
  28. memory loss that occurs without other mental difficulties
  29. amnesia in which memory is lost for occurrences prior to a certain event
    retrograde amnesia
  30. amnesia in which memory is lost for events that follow an injury
    anterograde amnesia
  31. a disease that afflicts long-term alcoholics, leaving some abilities intact but including hallucinations and a tendency to repeat the same story
    Korsakoff's syndrome