Deaf Culture Midterm

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Author:
sognoval
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11404
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Deaf Culture Midterm
Updated:
2010-03-20 22:16:22
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Deaf
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Deaf
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  1. What is culture?
    sum total of learned behavior, patterns of a specific period, race or people including impliments, economics, music, art, religion, traditions, etc.
  2. 6 reasons for studying Deaf Culture:
    • 1. understand perspective
    • 2. discover where you mainstream
    • 3. knowledge for interpreters
    • 4. model of interpreting
    • 5. understand how to maneuver in their environment
    • 6. be familiar with aspects and history of culture
  3. 3 ways Deaf Community has experienced oppression:
    • 1. Milan 1880-oralism
    • 2. hearing people changing ASL
    • 3. using ASL for 'hearing' benefits (baby signs)
  4. ASL is:
    • natural
    • foreign
    • American
    • true
  5. ASL is NOT:
    • Pantomime
    • Universal
    • Written
    • English on the hands
  6. William Stokoe
    Discovered ASL; published dictionary in 1965
  7. Carol Padden:
    discovered Deaf Culture; Stokoe's assistant
  8. Sources of ASL variation:
    • background
    • geographic location
  9. Code Switching
    when Deaf change to match a hearing person (ASL vs English)
  10. Contact Sign
    English word order with ASL features
  11. Pidgin
    old term for Contact Sign
  12. Which register of ASL is more English based?
    Formal
  13. Minimal Language Skills
    term used for people who do not have good language skills either in English or ASL
  14. 3 Roles of ASL
    • 1. Symbol of Social Identity
    • 2. Medium of Interaction
    • 3. Repository of Cultural Knowledge
  15. Types of Cultural Knowledge
    • 1. Values
    • 2. Customs
    • 3. Information
  16. 4 Rude behaviors in Deaf Culture
    • 1. Hinting and vague talk
    • 2. Sudden departure
    • 3. Private conversations
    • 4. Breaking eye contact
  17. Principle of Etiquette
    always act in a way that facilitates communication!
  18. 4 Parameters (building blocks)
    • 1. handshape
    • 2. movement
    • 3. location
    • 4. palm orientation
  19. Succinctness of ASL
    • 1. Verb agreement
    • 2. Inflections
    • 3. Classifiers
    • 4. Facial Grammar
  20. Experiment results
    • 1. Verb agreement- native sensitive, early/late not
    • 2. Inflections- all 3 sensitive
    • 3. Classifiers- native/early sensitive, late not
  21. Facial Grammar uses
    • 1. Conditional
    • 2. Questions and negatives
    • 3. Adverbs
  22. Iconicity
    sign whose form suggests its meaning
  23. Hearing world assumes ASL is
    • 1. Universal
    • 2. Iconic
    • 3. Transparent
  24. Short term is affected by
    Form
  25. Long term memory is affected by
    Meaning
  26. Language impairment is a result from damage to the
    Left hemisphere
  27. Figure/Ground
    • ASL: Ground comes first then figure
    • English: Figure comes first then ground
  28. ASL users are better at these non-linguistic tactics:
    • 1. Mapping space
    • 2. Rotated vs mirror images
    • 3. recreating block designs on the WISC-R IQ test
    • 4. Peripheral vision
    • 5. Copying chinese characters
  29. Subs for Land of the Deaf
    • 1. School of the Deaf
    • 2. Deaf Clubs
    • 3. Gallaudet
  30. Deaf Planet
    Eyeth
  31. 1988 events
    At Gallaudet-revolution, Deaf president and board members, no interpreter needed. Chairman said deaf wasnt ready to function in hearing world
  32. AAAD
    American Athetic Association of the Deaf
  33. WGD
    World Games of the Deaf
  34. 2 sports contributions
    • Umpire hand signals
    • Football huddles
  35. NFSD Frat purpose
    burial insurance
  36. NAD
    National Association for the Deaf: Political, founded in 1880 to counter AGBell and advocate for sign language
  37. 4 common characteristics of minorities
    • physical
    • identity
    • marry within
    • suffer oppression
  38. NBDA
    National Black Deaf Advocates
  39. NAOBI
    National Alliance of Black Interpreters
  40. BLegit
    Bisexual, Lesbian, Gay and Transgendered Interpreters and Translators
  41. Deaf introduces Deaf
    Name, where from (school), work, who else they know in the community
  42. Deaf introduces Hearing
    name, How ASL was learned and why, what other Deaf they know
  43. Eyes or Hands
    Eyes
  44. 5 values
    • 1. Importance of eyes/hands
    • 2. Residential schools
    • 3. Deaf Clubs
    • 4. Language
    • 5. Deaf children
  45. Morris Broderson
    fingerspelling in paintings
  46. Dr. Betty G. Miller
    political cartoons/oppression, fingers cut off
  47. Chuck Baird
    animals/objects that represent ASL word (cat with hands)
  48. Ella Lentz
    actor/poet, blogger, leader in Deafhood
  49. Clayton Valli
    poet/linguistic-other of Dandelion and The Cave
  50. Ben Bahan
    Bird of a Different Feather
  51. Bernard Bragg
    NTD founder, studied mime with Marcel Marceau
  52. Phyllis Frelich
    Children of a Lesser God was written for her, Love is Never Silent
  53. Ed Waterstreet
    NTD and Love is Never Silent
  54. Linda Bove
    Sesame Street
  55. Marlee Matlin
    Children of a Lessor God

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