Psych Ch 9

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Psych Ch 9
2011-11-02 17:02:39

modules 26, 27, 28
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  1. the capacity to understand the world, think rationally, and use resources effectively when faced with challenges
  2. the single, general factor for mental ability assumed to underlie intelligence in some early theoriesof intelligence
  3. intelligence that reflects information-processing capabilities, reasoning, and memory
    fluid intelligence
  4. the accumulation of information, skills, and strategies are learned through experiences and can be applied in problem-solving situations
    crystalized intelligence
  5. Gardner's intelligence theory that proposes that there are 8 distinct spheres of intelligence
    theory of multiple intelligences
  6. according to Sternberg, intelligence related to overall success in living
    practical intelligence
  7. the set of skills that underlie the accurate assessment, evaluation, expression, and regulation of emotions
    emotional intelligence
  8. tests devised to quantify a person's level of intelligence
    intelligence tests
  9. the age for which a given level of performance is average or typical
    mental age
  10. a score that takes into account an individuals mental and chronological ages
    intelligence quotient (IQ)
  11. the property by which tests mearue consistently what they are trying to measure
  12. the property by which tests actually meausre what they are supposed to measure
  13. standards of test performance that permitthe comparison of one person's score on a test with the scores of other individuals who have taken the same test
  14. a condition characterized by significant limitations botth in intellectual functioning and in conceptual, social, and practical adaptive skills
    mental retardation (or intellectual disability)
  15. the most common cause of mentaal retardation in newborns, occuring when the mother uses alcohol during pregnancy
    fetal alcohol syndrome
  16. mental retardation in which no apparent biological defect exists but there is a history of retardation in the family
    familial retadation
  17. the 2-4% segment of the population who have IQ scores greater than 130
    intellectually gifted
  18. a test that does not discriminate against the members of any monority group
    culture-fair IQ
  19. a measure of the degree to which a characteristic is related to genetic, inherited factors