sociology chapter 10

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sociology chapter 10
2011-11-02 21:13:55

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  1. Symbolic interaction
    • culture dictates the language we learn and how we interpret various situations; our families help socialize us into behavioral patterns
    • We define what is real or “normal” based on what those around us accept as ordinary
    • •Human agency
    • •Meso-level institutions help define our roles within the family
  2. Rational choice theory
    • family patterns are reinforced to the extent that the exchanges are beneficial to the members. Relationships are unlikely to continue when the costs outweigh the rewards
    • Costs and benefits often established by meso-level organizations and institutions
  3. Structural functional
    • the family serves a number of common purposes in every society
    • •Sexual regulation
    • •Reproduction and replacement
    • •Socialization
    • •Emotional support and protection
    • •Status assignment/attainment
    • •Economic support
    • –Many family functions have been outsourced
    • •Changing family functions
  4. Conflict theory
    • conflict within families is inevitable and natural; this conflict results from struggles for power both from within the family and between the family and society at large
    • •Families help sustain class inequality
    • •Power struggles within families can be positive because they can lead to changes that make the family as a unit stronger
  5. Feminist theory
    • women are placed at the center to spotlight them as active agents and uncover the biases in male assumptions
    • •At the micro level, examine the way women construct their own realities within the context of social factors
    • •More equality and autonomy for women can be obtained with changes in the patriarchal family structure, education and employment opportunities for women, and child care availability
  6. Stimulus
    we meet someone to whom we are attracted
  7. Value comparison
    we find a person compatible if they affirm our own beliefs and values
  8. Roles and needs
    the couple explores the roles of companion, parent, housekeeper, and lover and find common needs, interests, and favored activities
  9. Egalitarian family patterns
    power and authority is shared between spouses
  10. Resource theory
    the spouse with the greater resources (education, income, occupational prestige) has greater power
  11. second shift
    refers to the housework and child care that employed women do after their first-shift job