Syntax Files D1

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  1. case
    • system of marking
    • provides info. about NP's function within sentence
  2. grammatical/syntactic case
    carries info. about NP's grammatical relation
  3. semantic case
    encodes info. about thematic roles
  4. nominative case
    subject
  5. accusative case
    direct object
  6. differential object marking (DOM)
    languages that mark D.O. w/ special case omit this case when D.O. has particular semantic properties
  7. animacy hierarchy
    human > animate > inanimate
  8. definiteness hierarchy
    personal pronoun > proper name > definite NP > indefinite specific NP > non-specific NP
  9. scrambling
    'case languages' often permit considerable freedom in the ordering of a verb's arguments
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114117
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Syntax Files D1
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Syntax Files 3rd Test D1
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