PVD

Card Set Information

Author:
rjfackler
ID:
114149
Filename:
PVD
Updated:
2011-11-06 19:49:54
Tags:
Clark State Medic RN
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Description:
Peripheral Vascular Disease
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  1. Hardening of the arteries is called_______?
    Arteriosclerosis
  2. Accumulation of plaque in the arteries is called_____?
    Athersclerosis
  3. T or F? Stenosis is defined as the narrowing or consrticing of a vessel.
    True
  4. Anastomosis is the ______ of two vessels.
    Junction
  5. a procedure that uses a balloon tiped catheter to dialate an area of stenosis is called_______?
    angioplasty
  6. Thickening of muscle walls and endothelial lining in atreries is also called_______?
    Arteriosclerosis
  7. T or F? Atherscleosis is an inflammatory process where accumulation of lipids, calcium, carbs, blood components and fibrous tissue end up in the intima layer of the artery.
    True
  8. Name of the sound produced by turbulent blood flow through a diseased vessel.
    Bruit
  9. What is a separation of weakened elastic and fibrous tissue in the medial layer of an artery?
    Dissection
  10. A cramp like pain in the extremities that is produced by the same degree of exercise and relieved by rest is called_______?
    Intermittent claudication
  11. What is rest pain?
    An indicator of severe arterial insufficiency when the client is in persistent pain while at rest (feet and fingers)
  12. A reddish-blue discoloration in the extremities caused by severe peripheral artery damage is called_____?
    rubor
  13. What are the three layers of an artery?
    • Intima-inner
    • Media-middle
    • Adventitia-outer
  14. Arteries are the _____pressure system and _______ are the low pressure system.
    • high
    • veins
  15. What is the neurotransmitter responsible for sympathetic vasoconstriction?
    Norepinephrine
  16. Left sided heart failure causes back up in the ____.
    Lungs
  17. Right sided heart failure causes back up in the ______.
    systemic venous circulation (body/extremities)
  18. T or F
    In arterial insufficiency the peripheral pulses will be dimished or absent.
    True
  19. Pulses will be present (although difficult to find with edema) in _______insufficiency.
    Venous
  20. Intermittent claudication, Dependent rubor, Cold pale extremity, diminshed or absent pulses and reddish blue discoloration with dependency are indicative of _____?
    Arterial Insufficency
  21. Paresthesia, ulcers of the lower legs and ankles, muscle fatigue and cramping, are indicative of ________?
    Venous insufficency

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