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What is Class Consciousness?
Karl Marx's term that refers to the recognition by people in a similar economic situation of a common interest.
What is the "Iron Cage" of rationality?
The dehumanizing aspects of bureaucracy. Max Weber saw bureaucracies as cages with people trapped in them, denied of their basic humanity.
What is a Latent Consequence?
An unintended consequence of a social arrangement or social action
What is Counterculture?
A subculture that fundamentally opposes the dominant culture.
What is Socialization?
The process of learning cultural values, norms, and expectations
2 essential ingredients necessary for human socialization to occur
- Social Interaction
What is The Case of Anna?
- A girl that was locked up for the first 6 years of her life
- She was deprived of social interaction
What is Cooleys theory of the "Looking Glass Self"
- The importance of how other people influence the way we see ourselves
- Cooley said: I am who you think i think i am
What is George Meads Role-Taking Theory of childhood socialization?
- Self Concious Stage of Infancy: Self conciousness develops around 2 or 3
- Play Stage: Children pretend at adult roles
- Game Stage: Play is socially structured, rules and roles, and discovering the generalized other
What is Bandura's social cognitive theory?
Children observe the behavior of others, mostely adults, and learn from that behavior and model after them.
What is an "Id"?
Frued's term for the collection of urges and drives people have for pleasure and aggression
What is an "Ego"?
According to Freud, the concious, rational part of self.
What is a "Superego"?
Freud's term for the internaization of society's morals within the self
What is Adult Socialization?
- Learning the practices and expectations associated with a social role
- Widely accepted values
What is Age Cohort?
Individuals from the same generation that have been affected by similar societal events such as an economic depression or war
What is a Modal Personality Type?
A distinct type of personality considered to be a characteristic of the people in a particular society
What are the Society's Socialization Agents?
The individuals, groups, and institutions responsible for transmitting the culture of societ to new-comers.
Why are we dissimilar individuals?
Because we all have different patterns of socialization