GEO 100 Exam 2 East Asia
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What is the location of East Asia and what type of continent is it?
Most of the region is between 20 and 50 degrees in northern tropics and mid latitudes. The region is considered a Eurasian continent and is a East Asian cultural region
What are some characteristics about the East Asian economies?
The economy relies on trade. Highly skilled workforce; value added products of something manufactured from raw materials thus adding value. Competitive wages grant access to Pacific Rim markets. China and Japan are the 2nd and 3rd largest economies.
What is Confucianism?
A Chinese philosophy that teaches that the best organizational model for the state and society is a hierarchy based on the patriarchal family
What are some characteristics of Confucianism?
Individual submission to authority: Males were held at seat of authority and were responsible for well being of the family while women had to submit to chores, the parents, husband, and if widowed submit to the son.
Nation/community before self: To have respect for and loyalty to parents and government officials and the Emperor is charged with ensuring the welfare of the economy.
Patiarchal philosophy places high value on male children: Sons were to be favored with public roles while women were limited to serve within the household
What were some general concerns for China?
They were not agriculturally productive due to urban and industrial expansion along with algricultural mismangement caused a high dependance of imports for other foods other than rice.
Huge populations in China are straining the environment: As urban populations grow more affluent their consumption of meat and other animal products require more land and resources
China is now the larget global producer of C02 and other climate change gases: This is due to coal burning which accounts for 40 percent of all the coal burned on the planet each year
Define the term Food Security
The ability of a state of consistently supply a sufficient amount of basic food to its entire population
What is Wet Rice Cultivation?
A prolific type of rice production that requires submersion of the plant roots in water for part of the growing season
What percentage does East Asia have in world population?
What are the three types of Population Density and describe each one.
Arithmetic: # of people per unit land area. Easily calculated- not a good indicator of living standard
Physiological: # of people per unit arable land. Good indicator of the agricultural potential and a country's ability to feed its own people.
Agricultural: # of farmers per unit arable land. Indicates the level of technological advancment in farming, low density = high tech development
East Asia is within which climate zones and what are there characteristics?
Cfa - Subtropical: Centered at 30 degrees north and south of equator, eastern side of continents. Central and southern Japan, Korea, and eastern China.
Characteristics(Temperate): Warm to hot summers;humid;mild to cold winters. Abundant precipitation with no dry season; summer maximum. Definite change in seasons
B - Dry(Bwk - Mid - latitude steppe): Located central and northern China; Mongolia. Great Plains, southwestern USA, several others
Characteristics(Dry Continental): Hot summers and cold winters; high daily and annual temperature range. Very low precipitation(5 to 20 inches per year)
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