gpv science 4th

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Anonymous
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114289
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gpv science 4th
Updated:
2012-01-22 19:10:19
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unit properties matter
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matter
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  1. Anything that takes up space and has mass is called _________.
    Matter
  2. If you measure the amount of matter something contains you are measuring it's ______.
    mass
  3. The amount of space that matter takes up is called _______.
    volume
  4. The amount of matter in a GIVEN space is called ________.
    density
  5. A ________ is something that describes matter.
    PROPERTY
  6. The ________ ___________ of a material are those characteristics that can be seen or measured without changing the material.
    Physical Properties
  7. Characteristics of a material that can only be seen when the material changes and new materials are formed are called ________ _________.
    chemical properties
  8. What is the chemical property of WOOD?
    its ability to burn
  9. Name four physical properties that can describe matter?
    odor, color, shape and texture
  10. When all members of a group use the same object to make measurements they are using _____ ______.
    standard units
  11. A system of measurement that is based on the number 10 and mulitiples of 10 is what system?
    METRIC SYSTEM
  12. Corn syrup has a greater ________ than oil does.
    DENSITY
  13. The more matter an object contains, the greater will be its (length or mass)
    Mass
  14. A tool used to measure volume is a (graduated cylinder or balance).
    graduated cylinder
  15. A liter is a unit of (mass or volume)
    VoLUME
  16. The ability to burn is a (physical or chemical) property.
    chemical
  17. Mass can be measured in (grams or centimeters)
    grams
  18. What are SOLID, LIQUID AND GAS called?
    STATES OF MATTER
  19. An _________ is any material made up of a single kind of matter.
    ELEMENT
  20. What is the smallest part of an element that has the properties of that element called?
    ATOM
  21. WHAT DO YOU CALL THE ONE OR TWO LETTERS THAT STAND FOR THE NAME OF AN ELEMENT?
    CHEMICAL SYMBOL
  22. A kind of matter made up of two or more elements that are joined together is called _________.
    COMPOUND
  23. TRUE OR FALSE
    Elements and compounds make up a large class of matter that is known as SUBSTANCES.
    TRUE
  24. A ______ ________ IS A GROUP OF SYMBOLS THAT SHOWS THE KINDS AND NUMBER OF ATOMS IN A SINGLE UNIT OF A COMPOUND.
    CHEMICAL FORMULA
  25. The ability to cause change is the definition of ________.
    ENERGY
  26. What do you call the change of state from liquid to a gas?
    EVAPORATION
  27. What is the change from a solid to a liquid called?
    MELTING
  28. What is the rapid change of state from a liquid to a gas called?
    BOILING
  29. The change of state from a gas to a liquid is called?
    CONDENSATION
  30. THE CHANGE OF STATE FROM A LIQUID TO A SOLID IS CALLED...
    FREEZING
  31. A change in the size, shape or state of matter with no new matter being formed is called a ______ _________.
    physical change
  32. Give an example of a physical change.
    • burning wood
    • ice cream melting
  33. Does a liquid flow (faster or slower) when it is warmed?

    think about you...how to you feel when you are hot? when you are cold?
    faster (like you, you move fast and get hot, when you are cold you may move slower)
  34. What is a mixture? Give an example.
    matter made up of two or more different substances

    SALAD is a mixture
  35. What is a solution? Name an example
    a mixture in which particles of different substances are mixed evenly throughout.

    • chocolate milk
    • sea water
  36. Any change in matter that results in one or more different kinds of matter forming is called a ______ _______
    chemical change
  37. How matter reacts with other matter is is called its ______ _________.
    Chemical Properties
  38. The process in which one or more substances are changed into one or more different substances is called a _____ _______.
    Chemical Reaction
  39. What can happen to IRON over time? If exposed to air?
    It will rust. This is a chemical reaction.

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