chapter 8

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chapter 8
2011-11-04 01:50:39

psych chapter 8 and leftovers of chapter 6
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  1. Cognitive social theory
    perspective that emphasizes the roles of thinking and social learning in behavior

    ex) stimulus> organism> response

    • "we are not our own feelings"
    • -we are in control of our own actions
  2. (Cognitive social theory) Insight learning
    seeing it in your head how things fit.
  3. 3 Cognitive theories
    -insight learning

    -cognitive map

    -latent learning
  4. (Cognitive social theory) Cognitive map
    drawing maps on one's head
  5. (Cognitive social theory) Latent learning
    a behavior that only shows up when there is a reason to display it.
  6. Observational learning
    • learning new information or behaviors by watching others
    • -modeling

    -kids do this everytime
  7. Instinctive drift
    tendency of some conditioned respnoses to revert back toward innate response pattern.
  8. Fluid intelligence
    • innate, inherited reasoning abilities, memory, and speedd of information processing. Its biological things you inherit.
    • - declines with age though
  9. Crystallized intelligence
    • refers to the store of knowledge and skills gained through experience and education.
    • -tends to increase throughout one's lifetime
  10. Standarized tests
    -1st: every test must have norms or average scores developed by giving the test to a variety of different people.

    -2nd: all testing procedures must be standarized. All test takers need to be given same instructions, questions, and time limits. They must all follow same objectives score standards.
  11. Reliability
    all tests need to be retaken to see consistencies and not see a major drop off
  12. 2 methods for reliability
    - test- retest method

    - split-half method
  13. (Reliability) test re-test method
    participants scores on 2 seperate administrations of the same test are compared
  14. (Reliability) split half method
    involves splitting a test into 2 equivalent parts and determining the similarity between the 2 halves
  15. Validity
    ability of the test to measure what it is desgined to measure

    - Criterion-related validity: accuracy in which test scores can be used to predict another variable of interest.

    -test scores and college success
  16. Agonist drug
    copies, mimics, and enhances natural neurotrasnmiters
  17. antagonist drugs
    blocks or stops neurotasnmitters

    -paralyzes muscles.