Card Set Information
Cells that convert from one type of cell to another:
Cells that lack normal cellular characteristics and differ in shape and organization with respect to their cells of origin (ultimately determines the malignant potential)
Bizarre cell growth resulting in cells that differ in size, shape, or arrangement from other cells of the same type of tissue
What are secondary prevention strategies for cancer?
Detection and screenings- mammography, pap test, breast and testicular self exam, skin inspection
A _____ is a drug that will cause extensive soft tissue damage if it leaks into the tissue
Inflammatory response of the oral tissues that is characterized by mild redness (erythema) and edema, or, if severe- by painful ulcerations, bleeding, and secondary infection
What medication is given to prevent formation of uric acid crystals?
Which chemo drug is often associated with peripheral neuropathies?
What is the leading cause of death in oncology patients?
How do we assess thrombocytopenia?
DECREASED PLATELET COUNT
What is the patient at risk for who has thrombocytopenia?
The continued uncontrolled release of ADH antidiuretic hormone produced by tumor cells leads to increased water toxicity- _________.
hyponatremia (Na levels < 120 Meq/L)
Which term refers to cells that lack normal cellular characteristics and differ in shape and organization with respect to their cells of origin?
According to the TNM classification system, T0 means there is:
no evidence of primary tumor
According to the TNM classification system, M0 means there is:
no distant metastasis
According to the TNM classification system, M1 means tehre is:
What does TNM stand for?
T= primary tumor
N= lymph node involvement
During which stage of cellular carciogenesis do cellular changes exhibit increased malignant behavior?
The third stage of carciogenesis in which cells show a propensity to invade adjacent tissues and metastasize.
____ is a decrease in neutrophils
______ is a decrease in the number of platelets
A benign tumor of the blood vessels is a:
Chemotherapeutic agents have which effect associated with the renal system?
increased uric acid secretion
Following a BMT, the patient should be monitored for at least:
What is the treatment for acute DIC?
Recieve a blood transfusion
Which DIC category is obsevable symptoms such as easy bruising and prolonged bleeding from venipuncture sites?
What is secondary prevention of cancer?
detection and screenings (mammograms, pap test, BSE, TSE, skin inspection)
Grading of a malignancy; undifferentiated, more aggressive and less responive to treatments would be a grade ___
Grading of malignancy; well differentiated, closely resemble tissue of origin would be a grade ___
_______: determines size of the tumor and presence of metatastasis
_______: increase in cell size
______: increase in number of cells
_____: does not follow any kind of physiologic demand
_____: bizzare cell growth pattern
_____: does not have normal cell characteristics
______: cells convert to another type of cell
During the ____ phase of the cell cycle, the cell doubles its DNA
During the ___ phase of the cell cycle, the cell divides into two cells
_______ cells: rate of growth is not normal but still follow normal cell growth patterns
______: process of transforming normal cells into malignant cells
______: where the cells normal structure is altered by either external or internal agents
_______: (where the cells become mutated) repeated exposure to promoting agents (carcinogens) causes the expression of abnormal or mutant genetics information
______: where the cells become malignant (the altered cells exhibit increased malignant behavior)
______ spread: dissemination of malignant cells via the bloodstream and is directly related to the vascularity of the tumor
_______: the growth of new capillaries from the host tissue by the release of growth factors and enzymes such as VEGF
Radiation may cause radiodermatitis.... what do you need to monitor for?
Monitor for moist desquamation
- Weeping of the skin due to loss of upper layer of the skin
- Apply antibiotic ointment or steroid cream as prescribed
- Expose site to air
How should the patient be postioned when receiving radiation?
less than 45 degrees and must be log roleed to prevent implant from dislodging
______ surgery is performed to relieve complications of cancer
The nurse is monitoring a client for signs and symptoms related to superior vena cava syndrome. What is an early sign of this oncological emergency?