Resp Lower ch28

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  1. Bronchitis
    if this is an acute bronchitis due to an influenza virus, tx with antibiotic drugs either zanamivir(Relenza) or oseltamivir (Tamiflu) can be started,but it must be initiated within 48 hrs of onset of symptoms.
  2. Pneumonia
    is an acute inflammation of the lung parenchyma cased by a microbial organism.
  3. amantadine(Symmetrel) & rimantadine (Flumadine) are approved for use within 48hrs. of onset of symptoms in the tx of influenza A virus.
  4. Zanamivir (Relenza) & oseltamivir (Tamiflu) are active against both influenza A and B
  5. Tuberculosis
    is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. it usually invloves the lungs, but it also occurs in the larynx, kidneys, bones, adrenal glands, lymph nodes, and meninges and can be disseminated through the body.
  6. TB is usually spread form person to person via airborne droplets
  7. Drugs given to treat TB
    INH, refampin (Rifadin), pyrazinamid (PZA), and ethambutol.
  8. Liver should be monitored when on TB meds for toxicity
  9. TB possitive pts have to be in Airbone infection isolation rooms that are negative pressure for air dropplets
  10. Amphotericin B
    therapy for treating serious systemic fungal infections. Renal function must be monitored and ensuring hydration is essential while a person is receiving this drug.
  11. Pneumoconiosis
    is a general term for a group of lung diseases casued by inhalation and retentionof dust particles, "dust in the lungs"
  12. the 1st collection chamber
    receives fluid and air from the chest cavity, the chamber holds up to 2000ml
  13. the 2nd chamber
    called the water seal chamber, contains 2cm of water, which acts as a one way valve. The incoming air enters from the colection chamber and bubbles up through the water.(the water acts as a one way valve to prevent backflow of air into the pt from the system)
  14. the 3rd chamber
    the suction control chamber applies controlled suction to the chest drainage system. the chamber is typically filled with 20cm of water.
  15. The most common cause of pulmonary edema is left sided HF
  16. cor pulmonale
    pulmonary hypertension increases the workload of the right ventricle and causes right ventricular hypertrophy and eventually heart failure.
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Resp Lower ch28
2011-11-05 21:45:55

resp lower
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