Card Set Information
which books comprise the poetical section?
song of songs
what are the most common characteristics of hebrew peotry?
each line follows a certain meter or accent pattern
two lines complement the other in some way
criss crossing lines
what is the most important feature of hebrew poetry?
name three primary types of parallelism
repetition of the same thought
two lines stand in sharp contrast to each other
second line normally completes a thought that the 1st line left incomplete
psamls 8 reveals chiastic structure by what pattern?
what is cuneiform language spoken by Ancient Ugarit called?
what language is similar to Ugaritic
How does Ugaritic contribute to a better understanding of the hebrew text?
1. it adds clarity to rare hebrew words
2. it uses the sme style of parallelism
3. it provides background about the polytheism of ancient Israel's time
which book answers the question "why do religious people suffer?"
which book is the song book?
which book gives practical guidelines for living?
in which book is the meaning of life explored?
which book focuses on the joy of romantic love?
song of solomon
which three books does the designation "wisdom literature" apply?
two general group classifications of ancient near eastern wisdom literature
1. brief proverbial amxims (usually optimisitic)
2. sages produced documents containing lengthy discourses or essays grappling with life's most difficult problems (usually pessimistic)
name four people who give job advice or rebuke him in the book of job
why have many assumed a pre-mosaic origin for the book of job?
1. many circumstances of job's seem patriarchal
2. job offers sacrifices without benefit of priest
3. job's wealth is measured in terms of floacks and servants
4. job's long life-span harkens back to genesis
explain retribution theology
the very righteous of right leads to blessings, and the wrongness of wrong leads naturally to disaster...you reap what you sow
which book contains more direct parallels with ancient near eastern literature than any other book in the bible?
how many songs from hebrew religious life and worship are contained in psalms?
name the different types of psalms that are attributed to david
who were some of the authors of the psalms?
sons of korah
give two reason for the unique place of the psalms in god's word
1. they gave us insight into israelite worship
2. they deal with all aspects of hebrew life
which german scholar laid the foundation for the study of psalm classification?
hermann gunkel (student of form of criticism)
what are the psalm types?
songs of praise and thanksgiving to God for who he is and what he ahs done
confess sorrow for sin, appeal to God for grace and forgiveness
general observations on life, esepecially God and our relationship to him
focus on the king as the son of david and as god's special instrument to rule his people
describe some aspect of the messiah's person or ministry
call for god's judgment against god's enemies and/or his people
lament one's condition; usually includes statement of lament, statement of trust in god, and affirmation of praise to him
what is a proverb?
is a succict and persuasive saying proven true by experience
what two things are the proverbs not?
1. proverbs are not promises
2. proverbs are not commands
what two women are compared and contrasted in proverbs?
the 30 sayings of proverbs 22-28 are similar to what document?
the egyptian document, the Instruction of Amenemope
Qohelet in ecclesiastes has been translated in the KJV and NKJV as what?
what does solomon mean when he said "vanity of vanities! all is vanity"?
everything is meaningless
we reach our greatest potential as part of God's creation by doing what?
by obeying God
many jewish scholars have interpreted song of songs as an allegory revealing what?
the love between Yahweh and israel
what does the song of songs celebrate?
the sexual love between husband and wife
What is Theodicy?
attempt to justify God's ways in world
What does Eliphaz do when he rebukes Job?
he empahsises God's justice and purity and taught people that they bring trouble on themselves
What does Bildad do when he rebuke's job?
traditional and he explained that individual who pursues wickedness should not be surprised at such punishment
What does Zophar do when he rebuke's Job?
he considered self as rationalist and reasoned Job's punishment is no less than should be expected
What was the theme of Job's first cycle of rebuking?
Job is guilty and deserves punishment
What was the theme of Job's second cycle of rebuking?
He is not praying and the wicked and greedy deserve this punishment
What was the theme of Job's third cycle of rebuking?
it is impossible to be righteous, so you deserve this punishment
How does the Lord finally reveal himself to Job?
in a windstorm
What two things does God say when he arrives to Job?
1) rebuked Job for ignorance
2) challenged Job with how strong he is compared to God
What two events happen at the end of Job with God?
1) God reprimands Job's friends
2) God restores Job's fortunes
who wrote Job?
succint and persuasive saying proven true by experience in God's universe and how it operates
What two things are proverbs not?
What are two general types of wisdom literature? and explain them...
1) discoursive - grapples with difficult issues on life (pessimistic) (Job)
2) instructional - or didactic in nature (optimistic) (proverbs)
saying in poetry two lines each
One word to describe Job...
one word to describe proverbs...
one word to describe ecclesiastes...
one word to describe song of songs...
upright and blameless
richest man in east
How does God restore Job's wealth and goods?
1) doubles his possessions
2) gives him best looking daughters in land
3) intercedes on behalf of friends
what is the last verse in each section of psalms called?
doxology - description of praise to the lord that serves to "tie off" section
what does ecclesiastes demonstrate?
how faith can triumph over doubt
what does song of songs celebrate?
love between husband and wife
what does ecclesiastes refer to?
leader or speaker of assembly
what are two different approaches to song of songs explicit material?
1) typological - historical and illustrates intimacy with covenant bond with God and his people
2) allegorical - text relates hidden meanind. Not historical bu relates God's intimacy with his people
how many sections is psalms divided into? and what do they correspond to?
five books in the pentateuch
what is the key word for psalms?
what is the highest praise?
What books are known as Genesis in psalms?
what books are known as exodus in psalms?
what books are known as leviticus in psalms?
what books are known as numbers in psalms?
what books are known as deuteronomy in psalms?
which book is known as the hallelujia chorus in psalms?
what is the shortest chapter in the bible?
what is the longest chapter in the bible?
what is the center of the bible?
who is the author of proverbs?
who is the author of ecclesiastes?
what verse seems to define the rest of proverbs?
what are the proverbs similar to?
where does wisdom come from? knowledge?