Physio Test 3 C (ingestive behavior).txt

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dmk5154
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114608
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Physio Test 3 C (ingestive behavior).txt
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2011-11-05 21:30:01
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PSU physiological Psychology
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PhysioPsych Test 3 C (Ingestive Behavior section)
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  1. I just ate a bag of salty potato chips and a can of salted peanuts. I will likely experience...
    Osmometric thirst
  2. THC acts on _________ receptors in the hypothalamus, increasing appetite.
    endocannabinoid
  3. 98.6 degrees is the body's ________ for temperature.
    set point
  4. Rats with lesions to the ___________ hypothalamus will starve to death.
    Lateral
  5. Someone with ____________ disorder may see himself as fat when he is not; someone with this d/o may see her limbs as grossly distorted or see herself as grotesquely ugly when she is not
    body dysmorphic
  6. Diabetes may be especially damaging to this part of the brain which is implicated in memory consolidation
    hippocampus
  7. Heavy bleeding, vomiting, and diarrhea can cause _____________ thirst
    volumetric thirst
  8. Type I diabetes is an _______________ disorder
    autoimmune
  9. ____________ is a dangerous eating disorder--- it can produce gastric and chemical imbalances in the body
    Bulimia
  10. Neural changes in anorexic patients are largely associated with _____________ of the brain
    Starvation
  11. An anti-obesity hormone:
    leptin
  12. Pursuit of thinness through starvation:
    anorexia
  13. Decrease appetite
    obestatin
  14. Scientitsts studying weight control must consider the physiological triggers as well as the ________ cues to hunger.
    External
  15. Bundle of axons that connects Wernicke's to Brocha's Area; appears to convey sound information but not meaning
    Acruate Fasciculus
  16. About 2/3 of the body's water is in the intracelluar fluid in a cell's...
    cytoplasm
  17. Someone who has anorexia might smell like pears----- these are _________ eating your body away.
    Ketones
  18. More than one mechanism monitors and regulates our different stores, conserving supplies and shedding excess
    Redundancy
  19. Won't drink
    Adipsia
  20. If ___________ fluid loses water, water will be pulled out of cells
    Interstitial (extracellular)
  21. When a behavior can be traced largely to one hemisphere, we say that behavior is ...
    lateralized
  22. Low blood volume will interfere with heart function in a condition known as ...
    hypovolemia
  23. ____________, muscle dysmorphia, is not a disorder in the DSM, but it has been associated with eating disorders.
    bigorexia
  24. Atrial ________________ are in the haert and will detect low bloodflow
    baroreceptors
  25. Bilateral lesions of the ___________ lead to obesity in rats.
    VMH (ventromedial Hypothalamus)
  26. Won't eat.
    aphagia
  27. Thirst activates the ________________, and so does pain.
    ACC (Anterior Cingulate Cortex)
  28. Can be from heavy bleeding (most common), vomiting, diarrhea.
    Volumetric Thirst
  29. ACC (anterior cingulate cortex) and temporal lobe abnormalities associated with anorexic patients may underlie their ________________ disotrtions regarding food.
    cognitive
  30. ______________ is associated with impaired cognitive function and increased risk for dementia, including Alzheimer's disease.
    Diabetes
  31. Our ____________ and our intracellular fluid must be kept within exact limits.
    blood plasma
  32. Involved in the processes that regulate body temperature.
    Acruate Nucleus (of the hypothalamus ANH)
  33. A toy safety campaign had to recall its promotional buttons because they posed a choking hazard. Someone with _________ damage might not understand the irony of this.
    Right hemisphere
  34. Those with anorexia nervosa think about food a lot and show _____ responses to presentations of food
    icreased
  35. Treating people with the gut hormone _________ produces a quick and profound increase in appetite.
    Ghrelin
  36. consistant physiological parameter maintainence, such as body temperature
    homeostasis
  37. these systems maintain homeostasis (such as blood pressure)
    Regulatory systems
  38. This a specific focus of something that is trying to be regulated (for homeostasis).
    system variable
  39. in homeostasis, where a variable is at maximum efficiency
    set points
  40. these detect variables... (in homeostasis)
    detectors
  41. for homeostasis, these mechanisms start and adjust for needs (such as food/hunger)
    correctional mechanisms
  42. In homeostasis, these mechanisms signal the need to stop eating, etc.
    Satiety mechanisms
  43. __________: in cellular cytoplasm. contains 2/3 of the body's water
    intracellular fluid
  44. Blood plasma, CSF, interstitial fluid (space between cells)
    extracellular fluid
  45. a peptide hormone; it causes blood vessels to constrict and increase blood pressure & thirst. (volumetric thirst)
    Angiotensin
  46. this detect low blood pressure in the heart. increase thirst (volumetric thirst)
    atrial baroreceptors
  47. salt products draw water out of the cells = thirst for homeostasis
    osmometric thirst
  48. a sensory receptor in the hypothalamus; contribute to fluid balance in the body (osmometric thirst)
    osmoreceptors
  49. A PET scan shows what in the brain?
    glucose metabolism
  50. spare body energy stores that tear away from the body
    ketones
  51. Diabetes as a whole is the result of a lack of __________
    insulin
  52. Diabetes type I: ____________
    Diabetes type II: ____________
    • Autoimmune disorder (failure to produce);
    • Insulin resistance (body does not respond to production needs)
  53. ______ cues are factored into the obesity / overeating theory
    external
  54. dementia and memory loss are more likely to occur in people with ______
    Diabetes
  55. the _________ hypothalamus may be responsible for stopping hunger;
    the _________ hypothalamus may be responsible for hunger
    • ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH);
    • lateral hypothalamus (LH)
  56. an appetite controller: anti - obesity hormone, also a determinant in menarche
    leptin
  57. an appetite controller: an increase in this would induce hunger
    ghrelin (I'm so hungry that my stomach is 'ghrelin'!")
  58. an appetite controller:
    in the Arcuate nucleus of the the hypothalamus (ANH), it assists in decreasing appetite
    obestatin
  59. an appetite controller: a short protein; it reduces appetite in humans
    peptide YY(3-36)
  60. an appetite controller: provides the fullness feeling
    CCK - cholecystokinin
  61. THC makes you hungry and affects this:
    endocanabinoids
  62. Parents risk of overweight kids (%):
    Normal parents:
    1 obese parent:
    both parents obese:
    • 10%;
    • 40%;
    • 70%
  63. about _____ million kids are overweight
    25 million
  64. increased food response, usually adolescent mid-upper class white females with drive for achievement and sexual abuse history; low Tx success due to bio/psycho/social :(
    anorexia!
  65. rapid consumption of high calorie food & purge
    bulimia
  66. in an eating disorder, the brain is altered. neurotransmitters affected are _-__ and __. Also there are sulcal widenings (brain grooves) and ventricle enlargements (CSF tubes; CSF flow increased). This means the brain is shrinking. (also noted are altered temporal lobe and decreased ACC function (ACC role= blood pressure, heart rate, etc)
    serotonin and Dopamine
  67. the success of eating disorder recovery seems to be accurately measured in ___________ recovery speed. (Slower = higher relapse chance)
    Anterior cingulate cortex (ACC)
  68. reverse anorexia; muscle dysmorphia
    bigorexia

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