Integumentary(Skin) System

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denali1316
ID:
114661
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Integumentary(Skin) System
Updated:
2011-11-05 15:30:48
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Integumentary Skin system
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Integumentary (Skin) System
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  1. albino
    individuals who aren't capable of producing melanin
  2. basal layer
    deepest layer, cells are constantly growing and multiplying and are the source of all the other cells in the epidermis
  3. cuticle
    a narrow band of epidermis layer(layer of keratin) is at the base and sides of the nail plate
  4. dermis
    dense, fibrous, connective tissue layer, containing collagen
  5. epidermis
    a thin, cellular membrane layer, containing keratin
  6. epithelium
    covering of both the internal and external surfaces of the body
  7. integument
    the skin and its accessory structures such as hair and nails
  8. keratin
    hard protein material found in th epidermi, hair, and nails
  9. lipocyte
    fat cell
  10. lunula
    the half-moon shaped, whitish area at the base of the nail
  11. melanin
    major skin pigment, formed by melanocytes in the epidermis
  12. sebaceous glands
    oil-secreting gland in the dermis that is associated with their hair follicles
  13. sebum
    oily substance secreted by sabaceous glands
  14. subcutaneous glands
    innermost layer of the skin, containing fat tissue
  15. adipose
    (esp. of body tissue) Used for the storage of fat
  16. albinism
    is a defect of melanin production that results in little or no color (pigment) in the skin, hair, and eyes.
  17. causalgia
    intensely unpleasant burning sensation in skin and muscles when there is damage to nerves
  18. electrocautery
    an instrument containing a needle or blade used during surgery to burn through tissue by means of an electrical current
  19. subcutaneous
    situated or applied under the skin: subcutaneous fat
  20. dermatitis
    inflammed dermis layer of the skin
  21. dermatoplasty
    operative replacement of skin
  22. dermatologist
    branch of medicine dealing with the skin and its diseases
  23. dermabrasion
    scraping away some of the dermis layer of skin(like acne scars and fine wrinkles)
  24. diaphoresis
    sweating
  25. erythema
    a skin condition of redness of the skin
  26. anhidrosis
    inability to sweat normally
  27. keratosis
    thickend and rough lesion of the epidermis, associated with aging or skin damage
  28. leukoplakia
    white, thickened patches on mucous membrane tissue of the tongue or cheek
  29. lipoma
    fat tumor
  30. liposuction
    removal of subcutaneous fat tissue through a tube
  31. melanocyte
    a pigment producing cell in the skin, eye, and hair that determines the color
  32. melanoma
    a malignant skin tumor
  33. myocosis
    fungal infection ex. ringworm or athlete's foot
  34. onychomycosis
    fungal infection of the nails, which become white, opague, thick and brittle
  35. paronychia
    is a skin infection that occurs around the nails. Symptoms: The main symptom is a painful, red, swollen area around the nail, often at the cuticle or at the site of a hangnail or other injury.
  36. dermatophytosis
    or ringworm is a clinical condition caused by a fungal infection of the skin
  37. pyoderma
    pus is within the skin
  38. seborrhea
    excessive secretion from sebaceous glands
  39. trichomycosis
    any disease of the hair caused by fungi
  40. xeroderma
    very dry skin
  41. cyst
    thick-walled, closed sac or pouch containing fluid or semisolid material
  42. fissure
    groove or crack-like sore
  43. macule
    flat lesion measuring less than 1 cm in diameter
  44. papule
    small (less than 1 cm in diameter) solid elevation of the skin
  45. polyp
    growth extending from the surface of mucous membrane
  46. pustule
    papule containing pus
  47. ulcer
    open sore on the skin or mucous membranes
  48. vesicle
    small collection of clear fluid
  49. wheal
    smooth swollen papule or plague that is redder or paler than the surrounding skin
  50. alopecia
    absence of hair from areas where it normally grows
  51. ecchymosis
    bluish-purplish mark on the skin
  52. petechia
    small pinpoint hemorrhages
  53. pruritus
    itching
  54. urticaria
    acute allergic reaction in which red, round wheals develop on the skin
  55. acne vulgaris
    caused by the buildup of sebum and keratin in the pores of the skin
  56. first degree burns
    superficial epidermal lesions, red skin, extremely red skin, and no blisters
  57. second-degree burns
    epidermal and dermal lesions, redness of the skin, blisters, and wound is painful and very sensitive to touch and air currents
  58. third-degree burns
    full thickness burn injury, epidermis and dermis are destroyed and subcutaneous layer is damaged, adn leaving charred, white tissue
  59. rubella
    A contagious viral disease, with symptoms like mild measles.
  60. rubeola
    measles: an acute and highly contagious viral disease marked by distinct red spots followed by a rash; occurs primarily in children.
  61. varicella
    A herpesvirus that causes chicken pox and shingles; herpes zoster
  62. gangrene
    death of tissue associated with loss of blood supply
  63. impetigo
    bacterial inflammatory skin disease characterized by vesicles, pustules, and crusted over lesions
  64. scabies
    contagious, parasitic infection of the skin with intense pruritis(itching)
  65. scleroderma
    chronic progressive disease of the skin and internal organs with hardening and shrinking of connective tissue
  66. tinea pedis
    athlete's foot, which affects the skin between the toes
  67. keloid
    hypertrophied, thickened scar developing after trauma or surgical incision
  68. nevus/ nevi
    pigmented lesion of the skin
  69. verruca
    epidermal growth(wart) caused by a virus
  70. basal cell carcinoma
    malignant tumor of the basal cell layer of the epidermis
  71. squamous cell carcinoma
    malignant tumor of the squamous epithelial cells in the epidermis
  72. malignant melanoma
    cancerous growth composed of melanocytes watch for asymmetry, border, color, diameter, and evolution
  73. cryosurgery
    use of subfreezing temperature via liquid nitrogen application to destroy tissue
  74. scratch test
    several scratches are made in the skin, and a very minute amount of test material is inserted into the scratches
  75. punch biopsy
    a surgical instrument removes a core of tissue by rotation of its sharp, circular edge

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