Medical Terminology.txt

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valbrickey
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114684
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Medical Terminology.txt
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2011-11-05 17:00:27
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Combining forms
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Medical Terminology
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  1. %aut/o
    self
  2. caud/o
    tail
  3. oid
    resembling
  4. a
    without, (absence of)
  5. a
    singular
  6. ab
    away from
  7. abdomin/o
    abdomen
  8. ablumin/o
    protein
  9. abras/o
    to rub away
  10. ac
    pertaining to
  11. acou/o, acoust/o
    hearing
  12. acr
    extremity
  13. acusis
    hearing condition
  14. ad
    toward
  15. aden/,adren/o
    gland/adrenal gland
  16. adren
    adrenal gland
  17. aer/o
    air or gas
  18. al
    pertaining to
  19. alges/o
    pain
  20. algesia
    pain
  21. algia
    pain
  22. alopecia
    baldness
  23. alveo
    air sac, alveolus
  24. amni/o, amnion/o
    amnion, amniotic fluid
  25. an
    pertaining to
  26. an
    without, (absence of)
  27. an
    anus
  28. ana
    up, toward, apart
  29. andr
    male
  30. angi/o, angin/o
    blood vessel
  31. angina/o
    pain in blood vessel
  32. ankyl/o
    fused, not straight
  33. ante
    before
  34. anter/o, anteri/o
    front
  35. anti
    against, opposing
  36. aort
    aorta
  37. apheresis
    removal
  38. appendic/o
    to hang on top
  39. ar
    pertaining to
  40. arachn/o
    spider
  41. arche/o
    first
  42. arter/o, arteri/o
    artery
  43. arthr/o
    joint
  44. ary
    pertaining to
  45. astheni/o
    weakness
  46. asthenia
    weakness
  47. atel
    incomplete
  48. ather
    fat
  49. atri/o
    atrium
  50. aud/o, audi/o
    hearing
  51. aur/o
    ear
  52. azot
    urea
  53. bacter/o
    bacteria
  54. balan/o
    glans penis
  55. bi
    two
  56. bi/o
    life
  57. bil/i
    bile
  58. bin
    two
  59. blast/o
    germ, bud
  60. blephar/o
    eyelid
  61. brady
    slow
  62. bronch/o, branch/i
    airway, bronchus
  63. burs/o
    sac
  64. calc/i
    calcium
  65. cancer/o, carcin/o
    cancer
  66. capnia
    condition of carbon dioxide
  67. card/o, cardi/o
    heart
  68. carp
    wrist
  69. cartil/o
    cartilage
  70. ccirrh
    orange
  71. cec/o
    intestine
  72. cel/o
    hernia
  73. cele
    hernia
  74. celi/o
    abdomen, abdominal cavity
  75. cellulitis
    inflammation of connective tissue caused from infection
  76. centesis
    surgical puncture
  77. cephal/o
    head
  78. cerebell/o
    brain, cerebrum
  79. cerebr/o
    cerebrum
  80. cerumin/o
    wax
  81. cervic
    cervix, neck
  82. cheil
    lip
  83. chir/o
    hand
  84. chol
    bile, gall
  85. choledoch
    common bile duct
  86. choledoch/o
    common bile duct
  87. chondr/o, chondri/o
    gristle, cartilage
  88. chori/o
    membrane, chorion
  89. chrom/o
    color
  90. chromat
    color
  91. chron/o
    time
  92. cicatrix
    a scar
  93. clast, clasia, clasis
    break apart
  94. clon/o, clonus
    spasm
  95. col/o
    colon
  96. colon/o
    colon
  97. colp
    vagina
  98. COMBINING FORM
    DEFINITION
  99. con/i
    dust
  100. condyl/o
    knuckle of a joint
  101. conjunctiv/o
    bind together
  102. cor/o, core/o
    pupil
  103. core
    pupil
  104. corne/o
    part of the eye, horny, cornea
  105. coron/o
    circle
  106. cortico
    outer covering
  107. cost/o
    rib
  108. cran/o, crani/o
    skull, cranium
  109. crin
    to secrete
  110. crit
    to separate
  111. crypt/o
    hidden
  112. culd
    cul-de-sac
  113. cusis
    surgical fusion
  114. cutane/o
    skin
  115. cyan
    blue
  116. cyesis
    pregnancy
  117. cyst
    sac, bladder
  118. cyt/o
    self
  119. cyte
    cell
  120. dacry/o
    tear
  121. dacryocystitis
    inflammation of the laceral sac
  122. de
    not
  123. dent
    teeth
  124. derm
    skin
  125. derm/o, dermat/o
    skin
  126. desis
    surgical fixation, fusion
  127. di
    double
  128. dia
    through
  129. diaphoresis
    profuse sweating
  130. dipl/o
    double
  131. dips
    thirst
  132. disk/o
    flat shape
  133. dist/o
    away
  134. diverticul/o
    pouch
  135. dors/o
    back
  136. drome
    run, running
  137. duct/o
    lead
  138. duoden
    duodenum
  139. dur/o
    hard
  140. dynia
    pain
  141. dys
    bad, abnormal, painful, difficult
  142. e
    to remove
  143. eal
    pertaining to
  144. ecchymosis
    purplish patches on the skin from leaking blood vessels
  145. ech/o
    sound, to bounce
  146. ectasis
    expansion, dilation
  147. ectomy
    surgical excision, removal
  148. elast/o (flex)
    flexible
  149. electr/o
    electricity
  150. elle
    small
  151. ellul
    small chamber
  152. embol/o
    plug
  153. embry/o
    embryo
  154. emesis
    vomiting
  155. emetic
    pertaining to vomiting
  156. emia
    condition of blood
  157. emmetr/o
    according to measure
  158. en
    within, upon, on, over
  159. encephal/o
    brain
  160. endo
    within
  161. endocrin/o
    endocrine
  162. enter/o
    small intestine
  163. ep, epi
    over
  164. epididym/o
    epididymis
  165. epiglott/o
    epiglottis
  166. episi/o
    vulva
  167. eryth/o, erythr, erythr/o
    red
  168. erythema
    red skin
  169. esophag/e
    esophagus
  170. esophag/o
    esophagus
  171. esthesi/o
    sensation, perception
  172. eti/o
    cause (of disease)
  173. eu
    normal, good
  174. evari
    ovary
  175. ex
    outside, away from
  176. exo
    outside, away from
  177. fasci/o
    fascia
  178. femor/o
    thigh
  179. fet, fet/i, fet/o
    fetus
  180. fibr/o
    fiber
  181. fibul/o
    clasp of buckle, fibula
  182. fovea/o
    arm pit
  183. gangli/o
    knot, swelling
  184. gastr/o
    stomach
  185. gen
    formation
  186. gen/o
    information, cause, produce
  187. genesis
    origin, cause of
  188. genic
    formation
  189. ger/o
    presby, old age
  190. gingiv/o
    gum
  191. gli/o
    glue, neuroglia
  192. glomerul/o
    small ball
  193. gloss/o
    tongue
  194. glott/o
    opening in the wind pipe
  195. gluc/o
    sugar
  196. glut/o
    buttock
  197. glyc/o
    sugar
  198. glycos/o
    sugar
  199. gnos/o
    knowledge
  200. gram
    record
  201. graph
    instrument for recording
  202. graphy
    process of recording
  203. gravid/o, gravidar/o
    pregnancy
  204. gyn/o, gynec/o
    women
  205. halit/o
    breathing
  206. hem/o, hemat/o
    blood
  207. hemi
    half
  208. hemia
    condition of blood
  209. hemorrh/o
    likely to bleed
  210. hepat/o
    liver
  211. hern/o, herni/o
    protrusion
  212. heter/o
    other
  213. hidr/o
    sweat
  214. hist/o
    tissue
  215. hom/o, home/o
    same
  216. home
    sameness, unchanging
  217. homo
    same
  218. hordeolum
    sty/infection of the meibomian gland causing inflammation of the eyelid
  219. hormon/o
    to set in motion
  220. hydr
    water
  221. hydro
    water
  222. hymen/o
    hymen
  223. hyper
    excessive, abnormally high, above
  224. hypo
    under, below normal
  225. hyster/o
    uterus
  226. ia
    condition of
  227. ial
    pertaining to
  228. iasis
    condition of
  229. iatr/o, iatri/o
    to heal
  230. iatrist
    one who practices
  231. iatry
    treatment, specialty
  232. ic
    pertaining to
  233. ician
    one who treats
  234. idi/o
    self
  235. ile/o
    ileum/ final section of the small intestine
  236. ili/o
    groin
  237. im
    not
  238. immun/o
    exempt, immunity
  239. in
    without
  240. infect/o
    infection, invade
  241. infer/o, inferi/o
    below
  242. inguin/o
    groin
  243. inter
    between
  244. intra
    within
  245. ion
    pertaining to
  246. ior
    pertaining to
  247. ir/o, irid/o
    iris
  248. is
    pertaining to
  249. isch/o
    blockage
  250. ism
    condition of disease
  251. iso
    equal
  252. ist
    one who practices
  253. ite
    condition of
  254. itis
    inflammation
  255. jejun/o
    empty
  256. kal/i
    potassium
  257. kerat/o
    hard
  258. kinesi/o
    motion
  259. kyph/o
    hump back
  260. labyrinth/o
    maze, inner ear
  261. laceration
    a jagged wound
  262. lacrim/o
    tear
  263. lact/o
    milk
  264. lamin/o
    thin
  265. lapar/o
    abdomen
  266. laryng/o
    voice box
  267. later/o
    side
  268. lei/o
    smooth, small
  269. lepsy (epi)
    seizure
  270. lesion
    change in tissue due to disease or injury
  271. leuk/o
    white
  272. lingu/o
    by mouth under tongue
  273. lip/o
    fat
  274. lith
    stone
  275. lob/o
    lobe
  276. logist
    one who studies
  277. logy
    study of
  278. lord
    bent forward
  279. lumb/o
    loin, lower back
  280. lymph/o
    clear water or fluid
  281. lys/o
    break apart, dissolution
  282. lysis
    to loosen, dissolve
  283. lytic
    pertaining to loosen dissolve
  284. mal/o
    bad
  285. malacia
    softening
  286. mamm/o, mast/o
    breast
  287. marco
    large
  288. maxill/o
    upper jaw bone
  289. meat/o
    opening
  290. medi/o
    middle
  291. megal/o
    enlargement
  292. megaly
    abnormally large
  293. melan/o
    dark, black
  294. men/o, menstru/o
    mouth, menstruation
  295. mening/o, meningi/o
    meninges, membrane
  296. menisc/o
    crescent-shaped moon, meniscus membrane
  297. menstru
    month, menstruation
  298. ment/o
    mind
  299. meta
    after, change
  300. meter
    measuring
  301. meterist
    one who measures
  302. metr/o, metr/i
    uterus
  303. metry
    measurement
  304. micro
    small
  305. mon/o
    one/single
  306. mono
    single
  307. muc/o
    mucus
  308. multi
    many
  309. my, myo
    muscle
  310. my/o
    muscle
  311. myc/o
    fungus
  312. myel/o
    spine
  313. myelon/o
    spine
  314. myos/o
    muscle
  315. myring/o
    membrane, eardrum
  316. myx/o
    mucus
  317. narc/o
    numbness
  318. nas/o
    nose
  319. nat/o
    birth
  320. natr/o
    sodium
  321. necr/o
    death
  322. neo
    new
  323. nephr/o
    kidney
  324. nerve
    neur/o
  325. nevus
    mole, birthmark
  326. noct/o
    night
  327. norm/o
    a normal state
  328. nucl/o
    nucleus
  329. nucle
    kernel, nucleus
  330. nulli
    none
  331. nyct/o
    night
  332. nyctal
    night, nocturnal
  333. obstetr/o
    prenatal development
  334. ocul/o
    eye
  335. olig/o
    few in number
  336. oma
    abnormal swelling
  337. omphal/o
    umbilicus (navel)
  338. onc/o
    tumor
  339. onych/o
    nail
  340. oophor/o
    ovary
  341. opia
    vision
  342. opsy
    view of
  343. opt/o
    eye
  344. opthalm/o
    eye
  345. or
    pertaining to
  346. or
    mouth
  347. orch/o, orchi/o, orchid/o
    testis or testicle
  348. organ/o
    organ
  349. orth/o
    straight
  350. ortho
    straight, normal
  351. osis
    condition of
  352. oste/o
    bone
  353. ot/o
    ear
  354. otomy
    cutting into, incision
  355. ous
    pertaining to
  356. ov/i, ovo
    egg
  357. ovar/i
    ovaries
  358. ox/i
    oxygen
  359. oxia
    condition of oxygen
  360. pachy/o
    thick
  361. palat/o
    roof of mouth, palate
  362. pan
    all, entire
  363. pancreat/o
    pancreas
  364. par
    near, alongside, departure from normal
  365. par/o, part/o
    labor
  366. para
    near
  367. parathyroid/o
    parathyroid
  368. paresis
    paralysis (minor)
  369. pariet/o
    wall
  370. part
    parturition or labor
  371. patell/o
    knee cap, patella
  372. path/o
    disease
  373. pathy
    disease
  374. pector/o
    chest
  375. ped/o
    child
  376. pediatr
    child
  377. pedicul
    body louse
  378. pelv/i
    pelvis
  379. pen
    penis
  380. penia
    abnormal reduction in number, deficiency
  381. peps
    digestion
  382. pepsia
    digestion
  383. pept
    digestion
  384. per
    through
  385. peri
    around, about
  386. perine/o
    perineum/perineal
  387. peritone
    to stretch over, peritoneum
  388. peritone/o
    to stretch over
  389. petr/o
    stone
  390. peurper/i, peurper/o
    childbirth
  391. pexy
    surgical fixation, suspension
  392. phac/o, phak/o
    lens
  393. phag
    eat, swallow
  394. phagia
    eating or swallowing
  395. phak
    lens
  396. phalang/o
    fingers
  397. pharagm
    partition
  398. pharyng/o
    throat, pharynx
  399. phas/o
    speech
  400. phasia
    speaking
  401. phil
    loving, affinity for
  402. philia
    loving, affinity for
  403. phleb/o
    vein
  404. phobia
    fear
  405. phonia
    condition of sound or voice
  406. phot/o
    light
  407. phylaxis
    protection
  408. physi/o, physis/o
    growth
  409. physis
    growth
  410. plasia
    shape, formation
  411. plasm
    something shaped
  412. plasty
    surgical repair
  413. plegi/o
    paralysis
  414. plegia
    paralysis (major)
  415. pleur/o
    pleura/ rib
  416. pnea
    breathing
  417. pneum/o, pneumat/o
    lung
  418. pod/o
    feet
  419. poiesis
    formation
  420. poikil/o
    irregular
  421. poli/o
    gray
  422. poly
    many
  423. polyp/o
    mass
  424. por/o
    small hole
  425. post
    after
  426. poster/o
    view from the back
  427. posteri
    back
  428. practic, practor
    one who practices
  429. pre
    before
  430. PREFIX
    DEFINITION
  431. presby/o
    old age
  432. prim/i
    first
  433. pro
    before
  434. proct
    rectum, anus
  435. prostat/o
    prostate gland
  436. proxim/o
    near
  437. pruritus
    itching
  438. pseud/o
    FALSE
  439. psych/o
    mind
  440. ptosis
    falling down, drooping
  441. ptysis
    to cough up
  442. pub/o
    grown up
  443. pulmon/o
    lung
  444. py/o
    pus
  445. pyel
    renal pelvis
  446. pylor
    pylorus
  447. quad, quadri
    four
  448. quadr/i
    four
  449. rachi/o
    spine
  450. radi/o
    radius
  451. radic/o
    nerve root
  452. radicul/o
    nerve root
  453. re
    back
  454. rect/o
    rectum
  455. ren/o
    kidney
  456. retin/o
    retina
  457. retro
    back
  458. rhabd/o
    rod
  459. rhin/o
    nose
  460. rhytid/o
    wrinkle
  461. rrhagia
    bleeding hemorage
  462. rrhaphy
    suturing
  463. rrhea
    excessive discharge (of fluid) hemorraging
  464. rrhexis
    rupture
  465. rrhythm/o
    rhythm
  466. rubin/o
    red pigment
  467. sacr/o
    sacrum
  468. salping/o
    tube
  469. salpinx
    trumpet, fallopian tube
  470. sarc/o
    flesh
  471. sarcoma
    malignant tumor
  472. schisis
    split, fissure
  473. scler/o
    hard
  474. scoli/o
    curved
  475. scope, scopy
    viewing instrument
  476. scopy
    the process of viewing
  477. seb/o
    oil
  478. semin/o
    seed
  479. sept
    wall, partition
  480. septic/o
    septic
  481. sial
    saliva
  482. sigmoid/o
    shape of the letter S
  483. sinus/o
    sinue cavity
  484. sis
    condition
  485. skelet/o
    skeleton
  486. somat/o
    body louse
  487. some
    body
  488. somn/o
    sleep
  489. son/o
    sound
  490. spadias/o
    rip, tear
  491. spasm, spasm/o
    sudden, involuntary muscle contraction
  492. sperm/o, spermat/o
    seed
  493. spermia
    condition of sperm
  494. sphygm/o
    pulse
  495. spin/o
    shoulder
  496. spir/o
    to breath
  497. splen/o
    spleen
  498. spondyl
    vertebra
  499. staped/o
    staples
  500. staphyl/o
    grape shaped cluster, staphylococcus
  501. stasis
    standing still
  502. stasis/o
    standing still
  503. steat/o
    fat
  504. sten/o
    narrowing
  505. stern/o
    chest, sternum
  506. steth/o
    chest
  507. stigmat/o
    point
  508. stomat/o
    mouth
  509. stomy
    surgical creation of an opening
  510. strept/o
    twisted, streptococcus bacterium
  511. sub
    below
  512. SUFFIX
    DEFINITION
  513. super/o
    above
  514. super/o, superi/o
    above
  515. sym, syn
    together, joined
  516. syndesis
    surgical fixation, fusion
  517. syndesm/o
    ligaments, connective tissue
  518. synov/o, synovi/o
    binding together
  519. synovi
    binding eggs, synovial
  520. tachy
    rapid, fast
  521. tars/o
    flat surface
  522. taxi/o
    reaction to a stimulus
  523. ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o
    stretch out
  524. tend/o, tendin/o
    to stretch out, tendon
  525. tens
    pressure
  526. test/o, testicul/o
    testis, testicle
  527. testicul
    small testis, testicle
  528. tetra
    four
  529. thalam/o
    thalamus
  530. thel/o
    nipple
  531. therapy
    treatment
  532. therm/o
    heat
  533. thorac/o
    chest
  534. thromb/o
    stationary blood clot
  535. thry/o
    thyroid gland
  536. thym/o
    thymus gland
  537. tic
    pertaining to
  538. toc/o
    birth, labor
  539. tocia
    birth, labor
  540. tom/o
    to cut
  541. tome
    cutting instrument
  542. ton
    tone, tension, pressure
  543. tonsill
    almond, tonsil
  544. tox
    poison
  545. toxic/o
    poison
  546. trache
    wind pipe
  547. trachel
    cervix, neck
  548. trans
    through, across, beyond
  549. trich/o
    hair
  550. tripsy
    surgical crushing
  551. trophy
    nourishment development
  552. tubercul/o
    little mass, swelling
  553. tympan/o
    eardrum
  554. um
    pertaining to
  555. umbilic/o
    navel
  556. uni
    one
  557. ur/o, urin/o
    urine
  558. ureter
    ureter
  559. urethr
    urethra
  560. uria
    condition of urine, urination
  561. urin
    urine
  562. uter
    womb, uterus
  563. uvul/o
    hangs down, grape, uvula
  564. vagin/o
    vagina
  565. valvul/o
    valve
  566. varic/o
    vericose veins
  567. vas/o
    blood vessel
  568. vascul/o
    blood vessel
  569. ven/o
    vein
  570. ventr/o
    front, belly
  571. ventricul/o
    ventricul
  572. vers/o
    turn
  573. vertebr/o
    joint, vertebra
  574. vesic/o
    bladder, sac
  575. vesicul/o
    vesicle, seminal vesicle
  576. vir
    virus
  577. vite, vitr/o, vitre/o
    glassy
  578. vulv/o
    vulva
  579. xanth/o
    yellow
  580. xer/o
    dry
  581. y
    process of
  582. zo
    animal
  583. Addison's disease
    hyposecretion of adrenal cortex/ darkening of the skin, loss of appetite, mental depression muscular weakness
  584. Cretinism
    congenital hypothyroidism dwarfed physical stature, reduced mental development
  585. Cushing's syndrome
    hypersecretion of the adrenal cortex/obesity, moon face
  586. Diabetes insipidus
    hyposecretion of ADH posterior lobe of the pituitary gland
  587. Graves disease
    excessive thyroid gland activity
  588. Myxedema
    advanced hyperthyroidism/ low energy, swollen hands, weight gain
  589. Papitation
    pounding, skipping, racing of the heartbeat
  590. Tetany
    deficiency of parathyroid hormone
  591. Tetralogy fallot
    congenital heart condition consisting of 4 defects
  592. Claudication
    pain in a limb usually lower leg caused by poor circulation
  593. Cor pulmonale
    enlargement of the right ventricle/congestion within pulmonary circulation
  594. Heart block
    interference with electrical conduciton of the heart
  595. Arteriosclerosis
    hardening of the arteries artery walls lose their elasticity
  596. Arterosclerosis
    narrowing of an artery due to fatty plaque
  597. Nosocomial
    bacterial infection contracted during a hospital stay
  598. Dyscrasia
    abnormal condition of the blood
  599. Autologous
    blood transfusion of ones own blood for personal use
  600. Hematocrit
    Blood to separate
  601. Bronchiectasis
    dilation of the bronchi airways
  602. Apnea
    a (without) pena (breathing)
  603. dyspnea
    dys (abnormal,difficult) pnea (breathing)
  604. Eupnea
    eu (normal,good) pnea (breathing)
  605. Hyperpnea
    Hyper (deep, abnormally high) pnea (breathing)
  606. Bradypnea
    brady (slow) pnea (breathing)
  607. hypopnea
    hypo (shallow,below normal) pnea (breathing)
  608. Tachypnea
    tachy (rapid, fast) pnea (breathing)
  609. Orthopnea
    ortho (straight, upright position) pnea (breathing)
  610. COPD
    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  611. Atelectasis
    Collapsed lung

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