6.4-6.6

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Author:
DesLee26
ID:
114716
Filename:
6.4-6.6
Updated:
2011-11-07 12:55:09
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Anatomy Physiology
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  1. Accessory Organs of the Skin
    A) __
    1) __ can be found in nearly all regions of the skin.
    2) Individual __ develop from cells at the base of the __, an __ of the __ that dips down into the __.
    3) As new cells are formed, old cells are pushed outward and become __, forming the __.
    4) A bundle of smooth muscle cells, called the __, is attached to each __.
    5) __ is determined by __; __ from __ is responsible for most __, but __ also contains the pigment __.
    • Hair follicles
    • 1) hair
    • 2) hairs/ hair follical/ invagination/ lower epidermis/ dermis
    • 3) keratinized/ hair shaft
    • 4) arrector pili muscle/ hair follicle
    • 5) hair color/ genetics/ melanin/ melanocytes/ hair color/ red hair/ trichosiderin
  2. B)__
    1) __ (__ glands) are associated with hair follicles and secrete __ that __ and __ the hair shafts.
    • Sebaceous glands
    • 1) sebaceous glands/ holocrine/ sebum/ waterproofs/ moisturizes
  3. C) __
    1) __ are protective coverings over the ends of fingers and toes.
    2) __ consist of __ overlying the __, with the __ as the most actively growing region of the __.
    3) As new cells are produced, older ones are pushed outward and become __.
    4) The __ is the hard part made of dead keratinized cells.
    6) The __ is what the __ is attached to.
    • Nails
    • 1) nails
    • 2) nails/ stratified squamous epithelial cells/ nail bed/ lunula/ nail root
    • 3) keratinized
    • 4) nail plate
    • 5) nail bed/ nail plate
  4. D) __
    1) __ glands (__) are either __,w hich respond to __, or __, which respond to __, __, and __.
    2) Modified sweat glands, called __, secrete __ in the __.
    3) __, another type of sweat glands, secretes __.
    • Sweat glands
    • 1) sweat/ suderiforous glands/ eccrine/ body temperature/ apocrine/ body temperature, stress, and sexual arousal
    • 2) ceruminous glands/ wax/ ear canal
    • 3) mammary glands/ milk
  5. Regulation of Body Temperature
    1) Proper __ is vital to maintaining __.
    2) The __ plays a major role in __.
    3) __ cells, such as those of the __ and __, produce __.
    4) __ may be lost to the surroundings from __.
    5) The body responds to excessive heat by __ and __.
    6) The body responds to excessive cooling by __, __ and __.
    7) the __ is the region in the brain that plays a part in __.
    • 1) temperature regulation/ metabolic reactions
    • 2) skin/ temperature regulation
    • 3) Active/ heart and skeletal muscle/ heat
    • 4) Heat/ skin
    • 5) dilation of dermal blood vessels/ sweating
    • 6) constricting dermal blood vessels/ inactivating sweat glands/ shivering
    • 7) hypothalamus/ temperature regulation
  6. Healing of Wounds and Burns
    1) __, in which blood vessels __ and become more __, causing tissues to become red and swollen, is the body's normal response to __.
    2) __ are filled in by __cells.
    3) Deeper cuts are closed off by _, covered by __, and eventually filled in by __, making __. __ extend into the area, injured tissues are replaced, and the __ falls off.
    4) Large wounds leave __ and healing may be accompanied by the formation of __.
    • 1) inflammation/ dilate/ permeable injury
    • 2) superficial cuts/ reproducing epithelial cells
    • 3) clots/ scabs/ fibroblasts/ connective tissue/ blood vessels/ scab
    • 4) scars/ granulations
  7. Burns
    1) _ should be left alone.
    2) __ of the __ may restrict __, causing increased tissue __ with resultant __ (in these cases, __ is indicated).
    3) __ are applied to encourage healing and prevent __; __ medications for this purpose include __, __, and __.
    • 1) intact blisters
    • 2) circumferential burns/ extremities/ blood flow/ pressure/ ischemia/ escharotomy
    • 3) dressings/ infection/ topical/ Silver nitrate solution/ Silver sulfadiazine/ Sodium mafenide
  8. Burn Size:
    1) __- used to estimate the percentage of body burned in adults ( each section is or adds up to nine)
    2) __- scattered burns can be estimated by comparing size of the patient's hand, which constitutes about __ percent of the body surface
    - NOTE: when one entire foot is burned, its approximately equivalent to __ of the body.
    • 1) Rule of Nines
    • 2) Rule of Palm/ 1.25/ 3.5
  9. Explain malignant melanoma?
    • tumor of melanocytes
    • increased metastasis
    • 30-60 years old
    • fair skinned
    • deadly
  10. Cause of malignant melanoma?
    sun exposure
  11. Location of malignant melanoma?
    • women: legs
    • men: baks
  12. presentation of Malignant melanoma?
    any pigmented lesion with a change in appearance
  13. Treatment of malignant melanoma?
    excision and chemotherapy

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