Yaracs

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Author:
tiannaraysor
ID:
11483
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Yaracs
Updated:
2010-03-21 19:18:02
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Final Exam Review
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  1. another name for armpit
    Axillary
  2. another name for thigh region
    Femoral
  3. another name for buttock area
    gluteal
  4. another name for neck region
    cervical
  5. another name for "belly button" area
    umbilical
  6. another name for genital area
    pubic
  7. another name for anterior aspect of elbow
    antecubital
  8. posterior aspect of head
    occipital
  9. area where trunk meets thigh
    inguinal
  10. pertaining to the cheek
    buccal
  11. in the anatomical position, the face and palms are on the... body surface
    Anterior
  12. the buttocks and shoulder blades are on the.... body surface
    Posterior
  13. and the top of the head is the most... part of the body
    Superior
  14. The ears are... to the shoulders and... to the nose
    • Superior
    • Lateral
  15. the heart is... to the spine and... to the lungs
    • Anterior
    • Medial
  16. the elbow is.... to the fingers but.... to the shoulder
    • Proximal
    • Distal
  17. in humans, the dorsal surface can also be called the... surface; however, in four-legged animals, the dorsal surface is the... surface.
    • Posterior
    • Superior
  18. 8 characteristics of life
    • Reproduction
    • Growth & Development
    • Adaptation
    • Respond to stimuli
    • Homeostasis
    • Take in energy & nutrients
    • Organization
    • Evolution
  19. an electrically charged atom or group of atoms
    Ion
  20. Anything that takes up space and has mass (weight)
    Matter
  21. a unique substance composed of atoms having the same atomic number
    Element
  22. Negatively charged particles, forming part of an atom
    Electrons
  23. Subatomic particles that determine an atom's chemical behavior, or bonding ability
    Electrons
  24. the ability to do work
    Energy
  25. the smallest particle of an element that retains the properties of the element
    Atom
  26. the smallest particle of a compound, formed when atoms combine chemically
    Molecule
  27. positively charged particles forming part of an atom
    Protons
  28. name given to the electron shell that contains the most reactive electrons
    Valence
  29. subatomic particles responsile for most of an atom's mass
    • Protons
    • Neutrons
  30. substances that ionize in water; good electrolytes
    • Acids
    • Bases
    • Salts
  31. proton (H+) acceptor
    Base(s)
  32. ionize in water to release hydrogen ions and a negative ion other than hydroxide
    Acid(s)
  33. ionize in water to release ions other than H+ and OH-
    Salt(s)
  34. formed when an acid and a base are combined
    Salt(s)
  35. substances such as lemon juice and vinegar
    Acid(s)
  36. prevents rapid/large swings in pH
    Buffer
  37. building blocks of carbohydrates
    Monosaccharides
  38. building blocks of fat
    • Fatty acid(s)
    • Glycerol
  39. building blocks of protein
    Amino acids
  40. building blocks of nucleic acids
    Nucleotides
  41. cellular cytoplasm is primarily composed of this substance
    Proteins
  42. the single most important fuel source for body cells
    Carbohydrates or Monosaccharides
  43. not soluble in water
    Lipids (fats)
  44. contain C, H, and O in the ratio CH2O
    Monosaccharides or Carbohydrates
  45. contain C, H, and O, but have relatively small amounts of oxygen
    Lipids (fats)
  46. these building blocks contain N in addition to C, H, and O
    • Nucleotides
    • Amino acids
    • Proteins
  47. contain P in addition to C, H, O, and N
    Nucleotides
  48. used to insulate the body and found in all cell membranes
    Lipids (fats)
  49. primary components of meat and cheese
    Proteins
  50. primary components of bread and lollipops
    Carbohydrates
  51. primary components of egg yolk and peanut oil
    Lipids (fats)
  52. include collagen and hemoglobin
    Proteins
  53. class that usually includes cholesterol
    Lipids (fats)
  54. chromatin coils and condenses to form deeply staining bodies
    Prophase
  55. centromeres break, and chromosomes begin migration toward opposite poles of the cell
    Anaphase
  56. the nuclear membrane and nucleoli reappear
    Telophase
  57. when chromosomes cease their poleward movement, this phase begins
    Telophase
  58. chromosomes align on the equator of the spindle
    Metaphase
  59. the nucleoli and nuclear membrane disappear
    Prophase
  60. the spindle forms through the migration of the centrioles
    Prophase
  61. chromosomal material replicates
    None of these
  62. chromosomes first appear to be duplex structures
    Prophase
  63. chromosomes attach to spindle fibers
    Prophase
  64. a cleavage furrow forms during this phase
    Telophase
  65. the nuclear membrane is absent during the entire phase
    • Metaphase
    • Anaphase
  66. period during which a cell carries out its USUAL metabolic activities
    None of these
  67. short bones
    Calcaneus
  68. long bones
    • Femur
    • Humerus
    • Metacarpal
    • Radius
  69. irregualr bones
    Vertebra
  70. when blood calcium levels begin to drop below homeostatic levels,... is released, causing calcium to be released from bones
    Parathyroid Hormone
  71. mature bone cells, called... maintain bone in a viable state
    Osteocytes
  72. disuse such as that caused by paralysis or severe lack of exercise results in muscle and bone....
    Atrophy
  73. large tubercles and/or increased deposit of bony matrix occur at sites of....
    Stress and/or tension
  74. immature, or matrix-depositing bone cells are referred to as....
    Osteoblasts
  75. .... cause blood calcium to be deposited in bones as calcium slats
    Calcitonin
  76. bone cells that liquefy bone matrix and release calcium to blood are called....
    Osteoblasts
  77. our astronauts must do isometric exercises when in space because bones atrphy under conditions of weoghtlessness or lack of....
    Gravity
  78. bone is broken cleanly; the ends do not penetrate the skin
    Simple Fracture
  79. nonsurgical realignment of broken bone ends and splinting of bone
    Closed reduction
  80. a break common in children; bone splinters, but break is incomplete
    Greenstick fracture
  81. a fracture in which the bone is crushed; common in the vertebral column
    Compression fracture
  82. a fracture in which the bone ends penetrate through the skin surface
    Compound fracture
  83. surgical realignment of broken bone ends
    Open reduction
  84. a result of twisting forces
    Spiral fracture

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