Hist17a Midterm2

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endlessx
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114834
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Hist17a Midterm2
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2011-11-06 11:57:25
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History
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Chapter 8-11
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  1. The experience of American banking
    during the War of 1812 revealed the need for

    A.
    currency backed by both gold and silver.
    B. a reduction in gold and silver reserves.

    C. another national bank.
    D. an increase in the number of bank notes in circulation.
    E. more state banks.
    C. another national bank.
  2. After the War of 1812, it was clear
    that the United States needed an improved

    A. system of currency.

    B.system of tariffs.

    C.system for selling public lands.

    D. trade policy with Europe.

    E. internal transportation system.
    E. internal transportation system.
  3. By 1818, American steam-powered
    shipping

    A. carried more cargo on the
    Mississippi than all other forms of river transport combined.

    B. increased the transport of
    manufactured goods westward.

    C. stimulated agriculture in both
    the West and the South.

    D. had reached as far up the Ohio
    River as Pittsburgh.

    E. All these answers are correct.
    E. All these answers are correct.
  4. After Mexico won its independence
    from Spain in 1821, it

    A. quickly opened its northern territories to trade with the
    United States.

    B. attempted to close its northern
    territories to the United States.

    C. began planning for war against
    the United States.

    D. began selling its northern
    territories to the United States.

    E. sought cooperative economic and
    military arrangements with England
    A. quickly opened its northern territories to trade with theUnited States.
  5. Shortly after becoming president,
    James Monroe

    A. became the first president
    to leave the country while in office.

    B. called for increased manumissions
    in the South.

    C. undertook a goodwill tour of the country.

    D. called for an end to political
    parties.

    E. acted to limit the future
    influence of Federalists.
    C. undertook a goodwill tour of the country.
  6. What event prompted Spain to
    negotiate the sale of Florida to the United States?

    A. the Mexican war for
    independence against Spain

    B. civil war in Spain

    C. the Seminole War

    D. the Missouri Compromise

    E. the Panic of 1819
    C. the Seminole War
  7. One cause of the Panic of 1819 was

    A. restrictive credit
    practices prior to 1819.

    B. new management practices within the Bank of the United
    States.

    C. the announcement that year that
    dozens of new state banks were to be chartered.

    D. decreased foreign demand for
    American agricultural goods.

    E. an English embargo of American
    goods.
    B. new management practices within the Bank of the UnitedStates.
  8. The Missouri Compromise of 1819

    A. was roundly criticized by
    nationalists in the North.

    B. extended slavery throughout the
    Louisiana Territory.

    C. denied statehood for Missouri for
    two more years,

    D. maintained the nation's equal number of slave and free
    states,

    E. created a northern boundary of
    slavery at the 42°40" parallel.
    D. maintained the nation's equal number of slave and freestates,
  9. In McCullough v. Maryland (1819),
    the Supreme Court confirmed the

    A. right of states to abolish
    slavery within its borders,

    B.right of states to prohibit the .
    Bank of the United States,

    C. right of the federal government
    to tax states,

    D."implied powers" of Congress,

    D. right of states to tax the Bank
    of the United States.
    D."implied powers" of Congress,
  10. The policy expressed in the Monroe
    Doctrine was principally directed at

    A. American Indians.

    B. Southern slaveholders

    C. Asia.

    D. Mexico.

    E. Europe.
    E. Europe.
  11. In the presidential election of
    1824,
    • The Election of 1824 is known as the
    • 'Corrupt Bargain'. The lack of an electoral majority resulted in the election
    • being decided in the House. It is believed that a deal was made giving the
    • office to John Quincy Adams in exchange for Henry Clay becoming Secretary of
    • State. Significance: Andrew Jackson won the popular vote, but lost because of
    • this bargain. Significance: The election's backlash catapulted Jackson to the
    • presidency in 1828. Further, the Democratic-Republican Party split in two.
  12. The election of 1828

    A. President Adams was accused of
    adultery.

    B. Republicans were able to
    effectively unite.

    C. Andrew Jackson was labeled a murderer.

    D. John Quincy Adams gave a strong
    showing in the South.

    E. the major election issue was the
    Bank of the United States.
    C. Andrew Jackson was labeled a murderer.
  13. The presidential election of 1828 is
    often pointed to as the 'rise of the common man'. It has been called the
    'Revolution of 1828'. After the Corrupt Bargain of 1824 when Andrew Jackson was
    defeated, an upwelling of support arose against back room deals and candidates
    chosen by caucus. At this point in American history, the nominating of
    candidates became more democratic as conventions replaced caucuses.
    Significance: Andrew Jackson was the first president not born of privilege. The
    election was the first time that individuals began to fight against corruption
    in politics.
    ...
  14. The
    presidential administration of John Quincy Adams

    A. was noted for its inability to
    carry out its policies effectively,

    B.
    was deeply antagonistic to the ideas behind Clay's American System.

    C.
    was widely popular in the South for its tariff policies. D. D. Was plagued by
    financial corruption.

    E.
    was successful in domestic policies, but had little success in foreign policies
    A. was noted for its inability tocarry out its policies effectively,
  15. Today, the oldest
    political party in the United States is

    A. the
    Green Party.

    B. the
    Socialist Party.

    C. the
    Libertarian Party.

    D. the
    Republican Party.

    E. the Democratic Party.
    E. the Democratic Party.
  16. According to Andrew
    Jackson’s theory of democracy,
    • all white male citizens should be treated
    • equally
  17. The “spoils system”
    refers to

    A. making
    illegal payoffs to political supporters.

    B. giving
    away land taken from Indians to white settlers.

    C. the
    destruction of land by overly aggressive settlement.

    D. giving out jobs as
    political rewards.

    E. parceling
    out federal land to the highest bidder.
    D. giving out jobs aspolitical rewards.
  18. John C. Calhoun drew his
    doctrine of nullification ideas from the

    A. Virginia and Kentucky
    Resolutions.

    B. United
    States Constitution.

    C. Missouri
    Compromise.

    D. ideas
    of Madison, Jefferson, and the Tenth Amendment to the Constitution.

    E. United
    States Constitution and the Missouri Compromise.
    A. Virginia and KentuckyResolutions.
  19. In 1830, the Daniel
    Webster–Robert Hayne debate was begun by a political dispute over
    federal authority
  20. In 1833, the
    nullification crisis came to an end after President Andrew Jackson

    A. authorized the use of
    military force to see the acts of Congress were obeyed.

    B. raised
    the tariff.

    C. threatened
    to arrest supporters of nullification.

    D. agreed
    to give a larger share of federal authority to the states.

    E. acceded
    to John C. Calhoun’s doctrine of nullification.
    A. authorized the use ofmilitary force to see the acts of Congress were obeyed.
  21. The Supreme Court ruled
    in Cherokee Nation v. Georgia (1831)
    • that Georgia had no authority to remove the
    • Cherokee tribes
  22. Of the “Five Civilized
    Tribes,” the tribe that best resisted the pressures of removal was the

    A. Creek.

    B. Choctaw.

    C. Seminole.

    D. Chickasaw.

    E. Cherokee.
    E. Cherokee.
  23. As a result of the
    United States government’s Indian policy in the 1830s and 1840s,
    • nearly all American Indian societies were
    • removed to west of the Mississippi.
  24. President Andrew Jackson’s success in abolishing the Bank of the
    United States
    • left the nation with an
    • unstable banking system for many years
  25. In 1860, the percentage
    of the population in free states living in towns (places of 2,500 people or
    more) was?
    • 26 percent of the population of the free
    • states was living in towns or cities (places of 2,500 people or more)
  26. Before 1860, the largest
    single group of arriving Irish immigrants was?
    Young, single women.
  27. The “Know-Nothing”
    movement was partially directed at reducing the influence of
    Catholics.
  28. In comparing turnpike
    transportation to canal transportation,
    • Canal boats could haul vastly larger loads than
    • could road transports.
  29. Which of the following
    statements regarding American railroads in the 1850s is FALSE?

    A. Railroads
    helped weaken the connection between the Northwest and the South.

    B. Most
    railroad “trunk lines” were reduced or eliminated.

    C. Long
    distance rail lines weakened the dependence of the West on the Mississippi
    River.

    D. Chicago
    was the railroad center of the West.

    E. Private investors
    provided nearly all the capital for rail development.
    E. Private investorsprovided nearly all the capital for rail development.
  30. Before 1860, the
    development of machine tools by the United States government resulted in the
    • Turret Lathe, universal milling machine,
    • and precision grinder (all these answers are correct).
  31. In the 1820s and 1830s,
    the labor force for factory work in the United States

    A. saw many
    skilled urban artisans move into factory jobs.

    B. consisted
    mostly of European immigrants.

    C. was
    reduced by dramatic improvements in agricultural production.

    D. consisted
    mostly of European immigrants, saw many skilled urban artisans move into
    factory jobs, and ultimately was reduced by dramatic improvements in
    agricultural production.

    E. None of these answers is correct.
    E. None of these answers is correct.
  32. When the Lowell factory
    system began,
    • Workers were fairly well
    • paid and lived in supervised dormitories.
  33. The rise of the American
    factory system
    • Led to the creation of skilled
    • workingmen's craft societies.
  34. The Massachusetts court
    case of Commonwealth v. Hunt (1842) declared that
    • 1842 - Case heard by the Massachusetts supreme
    • court. The case was the first judgement in the U.S. that recognized that the
    • conspiracy law is inapplicable to unions and that strikes for a closed shop are
    • legal. Also decided that unions are not responsible for the illegal acts of
    • their members.
  35. The commercial and
    industrial growth in the United States prior to 1860 resulted in
    • Increasing disparities in income between the
    • rich and poor.
  36. Prior to 1860, the most significant
    invention for middle-class American homes was the
    Cast-iron stove
  37. In the 1840s, P. T.
    Barnum’s American Museum in New York showcased
    • a great freak show populated by midgets, Siamese
    • twins, magicians, and ventriloquists, eventually launching his famous circus OR HUMAN ODDITIES
  38. For most American
    farmers, the 1840s and 1850s was a period of
    • Rising prosperity due to increased world demand
    • for farm products.
  39. In the 1840s, John Deere introduced significant improvements to
    the
    Plow.
  40. Short-staple cotton

    A. helped to keep the
    South a predominantly agricultural region.

    B. was
    less coarse than long-staple cotton.

    C. was
    easier to process than long-staple cotton.

    D. was
    more susceptible to disease than long-staple cotton.

    E. was
    only grown in the coastal regions of the upper South.
    A. helped to keep theSouth a predominantly agricultural region.
  41. Which of the following
    statements regarding urban slavery is FALSE?

    A. Some
    urban slaves were skilled trade workers.

    B. Urban slaves were
    prohibited from having contact with free blacks.

    C. Urban
    slaves were less supervised than rural slaves.

    D. Urban
    slaves had little working competition from European immigrants.

    E. The
    line between slavery and freedom in cities was less distinct.
    B. Urban slaves wereprohibited from having contact with free blacks.
  42. From the selections
    below, the most common form of resistance to slavery was
    Passive labor, breaking tools
  43. One actual slave revolt
    in the nineteenth-century South was led by
    Nat Turner

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