Cross section

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Author:
acmolt
ID:
11492
Filename:
Cross section
Updated:
2010-03-21 19:34:28
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pelvis
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pelvis
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  1. what is the most anterior muscle at the level of the hip
    sartorius.. longest muscle of the body
  2. where is the levator ani muscle located
    originates at the pubis and inserts and inserts at the coccyx, encircling the rectum
  3. what is the function of the seminal vessicles
    produces about 60% of semen, seminal fluid, produces fructose which provides energy fo sperm
  4. which musclse are unique to the pelvis
    • Piriformis
    • gluteal
    • illiacus
  5. what muscle fills the space between the ischial spine and sacrum?
    piriformis
  6. which muscle lines the wall of the true pelvis
    obturator internus
  7. The_______muscle are adjacent to the pubic bone and forms one side of a triangle that contains a femoral artery and vein
    pectineus
  8. what are the sections of the pubic bone
    body and superior and inferior pubic rami
  9. what are teh names of lympth nodes in the pelvic region
    • common illiac
    • int/ext illiac
    • sacral

    = nodal group
  10. which suspensory ligament prevens posterior movement of the uterus
    round
  11. the broad ligament encloses what anatomy
    ovaries, uterus, and uterine tubes
  12. what is the largest and most important muscle of the pelvin floor
    levator ani
  13. the thickened folds of the mesentery that supporst and stabilized the positihing of each ovary is the
    broad ligament
  14. thickest portion of uterine wall
    myometrium
  15. attaches the ovaries to the pelvic wall
    suspensory ligament
  16. located between the uterus and bladder
    vesicouterine pouch
  17. which muscles form the major part of the pelvic diaphram
    levator ani
  18. what broad muscles covers teh anterior surface of the illiac fossa
  19. what bony landmark seperating the abdominal and pelvic cavity?
    sacral promontory
  20. which muscle orginiates from the symphysis pubis and extends teh to xiphoid process and costal cartilage of the 5th 6th and 7th ribs?
    rectus abdominus
  21. which muscle acts to rotate the thigh laterally and originates from the illium and sacrum and inserts on the greater trochanter of the femur
    piriformis
  22. what ligament attaches the inferior aspect of the ovarise to the lateral surface of the uterus and uterine tubes
    ovarian
  23. the obturator and umbilical arteries are 2 branches of which artery
    internal illiac
  24. what is the cervix
    the lower 1/3 of the uterus which communicates with the vagina
  25. what blood vessels supply and drain the intestines
    smv, imv, sma, and ima
  26. what bones comprise the acetabulum
    3 innominate bones... illium, ishium, pubis
  27. which of 3 bones of the hip (innominate bones) appears first on an axial x-ray)
    illium-- most superior
  28. what is the function of the prostate gland
    stop urine from mixing w. semen when ejaculating
  29. what are the 3 layers of the uterus?
    • endometrium
    • myometrium
    • perimetrium
  30. what are the spatial relations of the uterus, bladder, and rectum?
    bladder, uterus and rectum from ant. to post.
  31. what are the spatial relations of the bladder, prostate, and rectum?
    bladder sup. to prostate both ant. to rectum
  32. spatially where are the ovaries in relation to uterus
    laterally
  33. which structure transporst sperm from the testis?
    ductus vas deferens
  34. what is the function of the bulbourethral gland
    lubricates the tip of the penis
  35. which of the 3 gluteal muscles is seen first in an axial image?
    medius
  36. at what vertebral level do the common illiac vein join to form the inferior vena cava?
    L5
  37. spatial, where do the ureters enter the bladders?
    posterolaterally
  38. in the pelvis which are more ant. arteries or veins
    arteries
  39. shortest portion of the male urethra
    membranous urethra
  40. ejaculaory duct opens into the ____?
    prostatic urethra
  41. how many sections is the male urethra divided into?
    3
  42. T/F : in the pelvis, arteries are always anterior to viens
    True
  43. what is the pelvic inlet/ outlet?
    inlet- from sacral promontory to the superior margin or the crest of the pubic bone

    outlet- from the tip of the coccyx the inferior margin of pubis symphisis
  44. what arterial vessls are in pelvis
    abdominal aorta---> r/l common illiac artery-----> R/l ext/ int iliac artery

    --> femoral artery
  45. what is the venous blood supply in the pelvis
    ivc---> r/l common illiac vein---> r/l ext. int. illiac vein--->femoral vein
  46. what are the 3 sections of the small intestines
    duodenum.. jejunum..ileum

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