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In Ropes and knots what is a bite?
-Rope that is bent back and not crossed
In Ropes and Knots what do you have when you make a circle in the rope?
Ropes and Knots:Lifting and pike pole?
-Clove Hitch half hitches, tip up.
What type of Rope is used as a lifeline? What are its properties?
-Kernmantle Rope, Tight Kern, with mantle sheath wrapping. Mantle takes 30% of the load, Kern takes 70% of the load. Multi coloured which can be static (less colour) Or Dynamic (more Colour)
In Ropes and Knots what facts will you find on a lifeline ID and where is it located?
- -Located on bothends of the rope
- -Rope #
- -Diameter and length
- -Date of service
How Long is the shelf life on a lifeline rope?
-5 years max
What are some adcantages of webbing?
- -Les expensive
- -High abrasive qualities
- -high strenght to weight ratio
What are the 4 parts to the care and maintenance of ropes?
- -Care; Protect from chemicals, Heat, Friction, sharp bends, glazing
- -Clean; Wash rope (h2O,soap) air dry out of sunlight.
- -Store; Stuffed in rope bags with figure 8 knots, never store wet or frozen.
- -Inspect; Look for nicks, bulges, depressions, cuts, dirt, etc.
- -tag and Remove damaged rope.
What Type of rope is a working rope? what are its Properties?
- -Laid/Utility Rope
- -Large Diameter, Braided rope, continuous filament, used for raising tools, 15% weaker when wet, absorbs H2O
Roughly how much strenght do you lose with each knot?
What are the 3 things you do when constructing a knot?
-Dress, set and safety
In Ropes what is a bend?
-2 ropes connected
What is the end used to tie off on an opbject?
what end is the running end?
-the end that is free
when lifting equipment, how long should your tag end be?
what is the 4 to 1 rule?
-Strength of nylon rope is diminished once it has been bent to less that 4x the diameter of the rope.
What type of rope floats, and what are its Properties?
-Double Braided rope made of nylon or spectra. Woven rope of two braided ropes together in a single weave construct. Not for vertical lifting, used for water rescue (throw bags)
Lifting and axe?
-figure 8 on a bight (safety), wrap around head, 2 half hitches, head down.
Lifting a ladder?
-large figure 8 on a bight (safety) Lift top end away from building, wrap bight through one third of rungs then around outside and pull.
Lifting a Hose line?
-6ft of hose, clove hitch over nossel, 2 half hitches.
Lifting a chainsaw.
-bowline or figure 8 follow though (safety)
How do you joing 2 ropes together?
-Double fishermans knot
Lifting soft materials?
- -figure 8 on a bight (safety)
- -Pull rope through bight, place soft material between new loop ,cinch while lifting.
Secure a tight line?
-in line butterfly, rope through, ti over and slip knot then overhand keeper, then safety.
What is meant by conventional vehicle?
A vehicle that has an internal combustion engine for power. (gas or diesel)
What are some alternate powered vehicles?
- - compressed natural gas
- - propane
- - electric
What is the difference between a hybrid and an electric powered vehicle?
- hybrid - both electric and gas
- electric - batteries only
Standard terminology for parts of a vehicle:
- left - driver side
- right - passenger side
- A, B, C, D Posts
- bulkhead / firewall
What do you look for in an initial size up?
- - location
- - direction
- - traffic
- - access
- - hazards
- - victims + injuries
- - 360 degree walk around
- - resources
- - speak to dispatch
What are the 3 types of stabilization and in what order are they completed?
- 1. scene
- 2. vehicle
- 3. Patient
What is the golden hour?
Time from the accident to arrival in the emergency room
What is the platinum 10?
Time from crew arrival until having patient en route to hospital
What is the difference between a platform frame and a unibody construction?
- Platform: uses beams as the main frame. Engine, transmission and body components attach to the frame. (trucks and SUV's)
- Unibody: Combines vehicle body and frame into 1 component. (lighter weight vehicles)
What circles are performed around Vx? What order? Distances from the vehicle?
- Outer circle first 5-10M
- Inner circle second 3-5M
Where are the Vx tools placed when performing an extraction?
Staging area - outside inner circle
Name the different ways to stabilize a vehicle:
- - Cribbing - wedges, 2x4, 4x4, step chocks
- - Rescue 42
What type of lift bags does the CFD use? What are they made of?
High pressure lift bags made of vulcanized rubber mats reinforced by steel or other material woven into a fibre mat, then covered with rubber
T or F: It is not acceptable to use lift bags to stabilize a car by themselves.
How often do you check cribbing?
Every 3-5 minutes or after metal is displaced
What is the difference between laminated and tempered glass?
- Laminated: front windshield and sometimes the rear windshield, broken with a glass master or axe
- Tempered glass: most windows and broken by a center punch or life hammer
What are the 2 things FF's MUST do before breaking glass?
- - warn people you are about to break glass
- - wear your dust mask
T or F: You should always cut te post closest to the patient first.
What is the 5-10-20 rule?
- Distance to be clear of the airbags
- 5 - side air bags
- 10 - driver air bags
- 20 - passenger air bags
What 2 sayings are important to remember as firefighters are extricating a vehicle?
"Strip and rip" and "Try before you pry"
What are you looking for while you are stripping and ripping?
for Suplimental restraint system like airbag cylinders abd auto pretensioners in seatbelts
How do you disconnect a battery?
- Disconnect negative wire and tape it back.
- Last resort: cut the negative wire
VX: Where should you enter the vehicle?
Through the largest opening furthest from the patient