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"What has Athens to do with Jerusalem?" Essay should discuss the answers given to this question by the early church fathers Tertullian and Clement of Alexandria (SWT pp.106-108), and explain how one of those answers came to prevail a thousand years later during the High Middle Ages. Essay should focus on the Twelfth-Century Awakening, the rise of scholasticism, and the work of the great thirteenth-century scholastic theologian Aquinas (SWT pp. 151-154).
"What has Athens to do with Jerusalem?"
- Metaphor; What does Greek philosophy have to do with Christianity?
- Conflict between Faith and Reason.
- Be able to summarize works in SWT
discuss the answers given to this question by the early church fathers Tertullian
- Tertullian is the guy that posed the question
- He was a pagan in early life, and converted to Christianity.
- He believes that Greek philosophy and Christianity should stay away from each other. He compares the church with Plato's academy and Christians with heretics
- He believes philosophy is what causes heresy (belief that differs from standard doctrine) and that Christians should believe what they believe based on faith; there's no need for reason
and Clement of Alexandria
- He argues the opposite of Tertullian.
- He says that philosophy is a gift and a clear image of the truth. He explains that "the way of truth is one" and that philosophy strengthens faith because it backs it by reason
and explain how one of those answers came to prevail a thousand years later during the High Middle Ages
- Clement's answer prevailed
- during the 12 century awakening, people used education to further the papacy
- Monastaries began to train ministers and universites sprang up to teach latin, reading, and writing to clergymen
Essay should focus on the rise of scholasticism
- Scholasticism was the application of reason to revelation
- It was the idea that christian faith had nothing to fear from philosophy or reason. That they are both gifts from god. the goal was to apply philosophy and reason to christian revelation
- That questioning lead to exploration and finding out the truth
and the work of the great thirteenth-century scholastic theologian Aquinas
- Thomas Aquinas tried to prove God's existance through reason
- His best proof was the argument from motion which he got from Aristotle's Metaphysics. He argues that everything that moves has to be moved by something and that it had to start by a first mover. It is understood that that first mover is God.