Mahabharata

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Mahabharata
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2011-11-07 00:46:13
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  1. Tulsidas
    was a Hindu poet-saint, reformer and philosopher renowned for his devotion for the god Rama.
  2. Kamban
    was a medieval Tamil poet and the author of the Tamil Ramayanam known as Kambaramayanam, the Tamil version of Ramayana.
  3. Adhyatma's Ramayana
    literally "Spiritual Ramayana" is an ancient Sanskrit work extolling the spiritual virtues of the story of Ramayana
  4. Kalidasa's Raghuvamsa
    is a Sanskrit(epic poem) by the most celebrated Sanskrit poet Kalidasa. It narrates, in 19 sargas (cantos), the stories related to the Raghu Dynasty, namely the family of Dilipa and his descendants up to Agnivarna, who include Raghu, Dashratha and Rama.
  5. Bhasa's Pratimanataka
    Bhasa is one of the earliest and most celebrated Indian playwrights in Sanskrit. However, very little is known about him. Plays based on Ramayana.
  6. Bhavabhuti's Uttararamacharita
    Bhavabhuti was an 8th century scholar of India noted for his plays and poetry, written in Sanskrit. His plays are considered equivalent to the works of Kalidasa. Uttararamacharita (The story of Rama's later life), depicts Rama's coronation, the abandonment of Sita, and their reunion
  7. Samartha Ramadas
    Ramadas was a prominent Marhati saint and religious poet in the Hindu tradition. Samarth Ramdas was a devotee of Lord Hanuman and Lord Rama. His birth name was Narayan Suryajipant Kulkhami Thosar.
  8. Atman
    Atman is a Sanskrit word that means 'self'. In Hindu philosophy especially in the Vedanta school of Hinduism it refers to one's true self beyond identification with phenomena. In order to attain salvation a human being must acquire self-knowledge which is to say realise experientially that one's true self is identical with the transcendent self that is called paramatma.
  9. Karma
    is the concept of "action" or "deed", understood as that which causes the entire cycle of cause and effect.
  10. Karmayoga
    Karmayoga (Sanskrit: कर्म योग), or the "discipline of action" is a form of yoga based on the teachings of the Bhagvad Gita a sacred Sanskrit scripture of Hinduism.
  11. Jnanayoga
    Jyana Yoga "path of knowledge" is one of the types of yoga mentioned in Hindu philosophies.
  12. Bhaktiyoga
    Bhakti yoga is one of the types of yoga mentioned in Hindu philosophies which denotes the spiritual practice of fostering loving devotion (bhakti) to a personal form of God.
  13. Sva-Dharma
    Sva-dharma means literally "own dharma" and has been translated as "own duty" and "particular responsibilities." Dharma is derived from the Sanskrit root dhr, "sustain, support, uphold," and has a wide range of meanings, including truth, cosmic law, reality, righteousness, correctness, integrity, duty, and caste duty.
  14. Para-Dharma
    After this either (savikalpa or nirvikalpa) realization, the "more subtle" principles of what is called Paradharma will begin to draw your attention. The paradharma is therefore a collection of principles transcending the concept and notion of dharma which one can't implicitly understand without having his own dharma fulfilled.
  15. Sattva
    "purity", literally "existence, reality"; adjectival sāttvika"pure", anglicised sattvic) is the most rarefied of the three gunas: sāttvika "pure", rajasika "dim", and tamasika "dark".
  16. Rajas
    one of the three gunas Of these, rajas, is responsible for motion, energy and preservation and thereby upholds and maintains the activity of the other two gunas, known as sattva and tamas
  17. Tamas
    is one of the three gunas (or qualities), the other two being rajas (passion and activity) and sattva or purity). Tamas is the template for inertia or resistance to action. It has also been translated from Sanskrit as "indifference".
  18. Mahabharata Synopsis
    The core story of the work is that of a dynastic struggle for the throne of Hastinapura, the kingdom ruled by the Kuru clan. The two collateral branches of the family that participate in the struggle are the Kaurava and the Pandava. Although the Kaurava is the senior branch of the family, Duryodhana, the eldest Kaurava, is younger than Yudhisthira, the eldest Pandava. Both Duryodhana and Yudhisthira claim to be first in line to inherit the throne. The struggle culminates in the great battle of Kurukshetra, in which the Pandavas are ultimately victorious. The battle produces complex conflicts of kinship and friendship, instances of family loyalty and duty taking precedence over what is right, as well as the converse. The Mahabharata itself ends with the death of Krishna, and the subsequent end of his dynasty and ascent of the Pandava brothers to heaven. It also marks the beginning of the Hindu age of Kali (Kali Yuga), the fourth and final age of mankind, in which great values and noble ideas have crumbled, and man is heading toward the complete dissolution of right action, morality and virtue.
  19. Ananta
    Ananta is the cosmic serpent that is often seen with Vishnu as part of his avatar.
  20. Aryaman
    Aryaman is mentioned in passing in the Gita as a God in the Vedas who was an ancestor of mankind.
  21. Bhisma
    Bhisma fights against Arjuna, as one of the elders of the opposing Kaurava family. Arjuna and Sanjaya make it a point to extol Bhisma's courage and will.
  22. Brahma
    Brahma is one of the most revered Hindu deities, and is also known as the Creator. Brahma shouldn't be confused with Brahman, which is a concept, as opposed to a manifested deity.
  23. Buddha
    Krishna makes reference to the Buddha, or Siddhartha Gautama Shakyamuni, who renounced all material possessions and his worldly life to seek enlightenment. He found nirvana in the course of his journey during the sixth century B.C.
  24. Dhritarashtra
    Dhritarashtra is the king of the Kurus. Blind since birth, he serves as the king of Hastinapura, but is not the rightful ruler. The Gita begins with Dritarashtra aiming to keep the kingdom in the hands of his family, and willing to battle against Arjuna, the rightful heir, in order to keep it. Dhritarashtra's sons are the Kauravas, who fight against Arjuna and his Pandava brothers.
  25. Drona
    Drona is the general of the Kaurava army who fights against Arjuna and his Pandava brothers.
  26. Duryodhana
    Duryodhana is the son of Dhriharashtra, who tries to bequeath him a kingdom which isn't rightfully his. Duryodhana, then, is the antagonist of the upcoming battle documented in the Gita, and Arjuna's chief enemy in battle.
  27. Gandiva
    Arjuna's bow, gifted from the deities, is called gandiva
  28. Garuda
    Garuda is the eagle which serves as the deity Vishnu's form of transport
  29. Indra
    Indra is mentioned in the Gita as the god of battle.
  30. Janaka
    Janaka is referenced by Krishna as a king in ancient times who was wise, ruled effectively, and found a saatvic way of presiding over his people.
  31. Kauravas
    The Kauravas are the sons of Kuru, or rather the sons of Dhritarashtra. Duryodhana and his brothers are the Kauravas and they fight against Arjuna and the Pandavas.
  32. Krishna
    Krishna is technically an incarnation of Vishnu, and is the main character of the Gita. Here in battle, he serves as Arjuna's charioteer, and comes to earth precisely to help Arjuna see his dharmic duty. In the Gita, Krishna asserts full ominpotence as the ultimate deity, and reveals both his human and most divine form. Krishna's name literally means 'The Dark Lord.'
  33. Madhava
    Madhava is another name for Krishna.
  34. Manu
    Manu is known as the father of the human race, or the "first man" of mankind.
  35. Pandavas
    The sons of "Pandu" are the Pandavas, and include Arjuna and his brothers Bhima, Nakula, Sahadeva, and Yudhishthira. Arjuna and the Pandavas have to fight the Kauravas for the kingdom of Hastinapura because the Pandavas have the rightful claim to it. The Pandavas are considered the forces of good in this battle, while the Kauravas are considered the forces of evil.
  36. Pritha
    Pritha is mentioned in passing as Arjuna's mother.
  37. Rama
    Rama was the son of Dasharatha and the king of Ayodha. He is famous for being the titular hero of the Ramayana, who slayed the demon Ravana to rescue his wife Sita. Rama, like Krishna, is an incarnation of Vishnu.
  38. Sanjaya
    Sanjaya is the wise sage who recounts the Gita epic to the blind king Dritarashtra, who cannot witness what is happening on the battlefield.
  39. Shiva
    Shiva completes the "Trinity" of deities with Brahma and Vishnu -- and is also known as the Destroyer.
  40. Vishnu
    Vishnu is the Preserver, responsible for maintaining the cycle of dharma and karma in the world -- and thus comes to the earth in various incarnations, including Krishna, to right the balance of good and evil.
  41. Yudhishthira
    Arjuna's brother, and the rightful heir to the kingdom. Dharma king, follows the righteous path

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